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Resources on Justice Involved Women - General

NIC National Jail Exchange article, February 12, 2014.

"The current study focuses attention on a previously understudied topic – transportation deprivation in women offenders. This is a timely and important endeavor given the scale of mass incarceration, number of women on probation and parole, and the numerous barriers women with a criminal record face" (p. ii). Chapters cover: introduction—problem statement and study significance; review of the literature—women offenders' pathways to crime, risk assessment tools for women offenders, agency and structure, and study purpose, goals, and objectives; research methodology; results for quantitative analysis about the impact of transportation access on recidivism outcomes; results for qualitative analysis—descriptive statistics, types, intensity, and comparative importance of transportation problems, resources and strategies used to increase transportation access, and relationship between transportation access and recidivism; and discussion and conclusion. Access to transportation is greatly lacking for women under community supervision. Eighty-three percent of women possessing high levels of access to transportation were not rearrested.

Access to Transportation and Outcomes for Women on Probation and Parole cover

In March, The Texas Criminal Justice Coalition released a report, A Growing Population: The Surge of Women into Texas’ Criminal Justice System, which examines the growing number of women entering Texas’ criminal justice system and offers recommendations for safely reducing this population and helping women thrive in the community.

This report, the second in our two-part series, takes a closer look at the issues facing women who are currently incarcerated. The centerpiece of this report is a survey of women we conducted to learn more about their experiences prior to and during incarceration. As the survey results reveal, it is vitally important for agency staff, corrections system practitioners, and policy-makers to acknowledge and address women’s unique needs, to implement policies and practices that treat these women with dignity, to ensure they remain in their children’s lives, and to prepare them for a successful return to their families and our communities.

You can request the first part of the series at:  https://www.texascjc.org/growing-population-surge-women-texas%E2%80%99-criminal-justice-system

 

"For over forty years, NIJ has invested in research on violence against women. This research touches on a wide variety of public safety concerns, including intimate partner violence, teen dating violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking, as well as criminal justice challenges, including the availability of legal and victim support services, the effectiveness of prevention programs, and the impact of such crimes over time. To give researchers and support providers easier centralized access to recent evidence-based findings, NIJ annually updates a compendium that includes an abstract of each grant research study with details on how to find further publications." Entries present report number, amount spent, principal investigator, NIJ Program Officer, status of project, and any product produced. Projects are organized into the following areas: Justice and Related Systems—Advocacy, Arrest and Prosecution, Offender Interventions, Courts & the Criminal Justice System, Courts & the Civil Justice System, Forensic and Investigative Methods, Protection Orders, Policy and Legislation, and Victim Services; Definition and Measurement—Development of Risk Assessment Instruments, and Context, Meaning, and Motive; Epidemiology—National Surveys, Databases, Secondary Data Analysis of National Surveys Examining Risk Factors for Violence Against Women, and Risk Factors for Homicide and Serious Injury; Social and Cultural Context—Specific Populations, VAW and Welfare, Domestic Violence and Children, Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, Drug and Alcohol Use, and Criminal Histories, and Context and Life Course; Trafficking in Persons; VAWA (Violence Against Women Act) Evaluations; Synthesis of Existing Information; NIJ Jointly Funded Projects; Teen Dating Violence; and Violence against Indian Women.

Crime, Violence & Victimization Research Division's Compendium of Research on Violence Against Women, 1993-2014 Cover

“In the following, we review the literature relevant to the study of violence and safety in women’s prison. We begin with the demographic and background characteristics of female offenders. The pathways model is then described, which emphasizes the life experiences of women that contribute to criminal behavior. This review will then describe the subcultural elements of women’s prisons that influence vulnerabilities, victimization, and violence. The types and prevalence of violence in women’s prisons, particularly sexual assault, are also summarized. A summary of the National Inmate Survey, a PREA-mandated data collection that measures inmate self-reports is provided. This review then provides a summary of recent research by the authors that examines the context of gendered violence and safety in women’s correctional facilities and results from a project that sought to validate an instrument intended to measure women’s perceptions of safety and violence” (p. 1).

This monograph underscores the need for policymakers and practitioners to understand the fundamentals of research in order to guide their work with justice involved women. 

The first Girl Scouts Beyond Bars (GSBB) program was founded in Baltimore as a pilot project between the Girl Scouts and the National Institute of Justice, arranging for formal visits between Scouts and their incarcerated mothers. Since then, the concept has spread to more than 30 troops in 23 states, serving nearly a thousand girls at any one time and keeping the vital mother-daughter connection alive through the bars and across the razor wire of America’s women’s prisons.

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