Three facilities varying in size and region were audited to measure the state of the art in podular direct-supervision jails, to test how well direct supervision is performing, and to point out its strengths and challenges. Staff and inmates in facilities in Minnesota, Florida, and Massachusetts were surveyed on issues such as safety and security, effective supervision of inmates, classification, staffing and training, and design and environment.
Findings are presented in detail by facility. Floor plans are included for all units.
A facility development process plan is provided. Process phases are noted along the top of this flowchart: project recognition, needs assessment, go—no go, design, bidding, go—no go, construction, occupancy, and post occupancy. Elements occupying different places in the phases are listed on the side—tasks and then process tracks of non facility alternatives, transition, site, capital and operational funding, project delivery method, outcomes, professional services acquisition, and building support for the project.
An integrated series of steps that result in a comprehensive and innovative staffing plan is presented. The staffing analysis process involves: jail profiling; net annual work hours calculation; development of a facility activity schedule; staff coverage plan development; completion of a staff summary; schedule development; evaluation, revision, and improvement of the plan; operational costs calculation; report preparation; and implementation of the plan and monitoring of the results. Appendixes include: glossary; methods of optimizing staff resources; the myth of staff-to-inmate ratios; sample forms; and how to convert net annual work hours to relief factor.