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Girls and Young Women in the Criminal Justice System


Girlhood Interrupted: The Erasure of Black Girls’ Childhood

Rebecca Epstein, Jamilia J. Blake, Thalia Gonzalez, 2017

Preventing Juvenile Justice Involvement for Young Women: An Introduction to an Evaluation of the PACE Center for Girls

Millenky, Megan, and Caroline Mage, 2016

This brief describes an ongoing evaluation of PACE that will help policymakers and practitioners understand and strengthen the program’s effects for at-risk girls on a range of outcomes, including education, delinquency, risky behavior, social support, and mental health. More broadly, the study will inform the national dialogue about how to better serve such girls.

Breaking New Ground on the First Coast: Examining Girls' Pathways into the Juvenile Justice System

Lydia, Vanessa Patino, and Aubrey Moore, 2015

The goal of this exploratory research was to hear from girls from the First Coast (Duval, Clay, Nassau, Baker, and St. Johns counties) who are in juvenile residential commitment programs in Florida, to better understand their common pathways into the system, their experiences with services, and their recommendations for improving the response to girls.

No Place for Youth: Girls in the Adult Justice System

Davis, Antoinette, Andrea Gentile, and Caroline Glesmann, 2015

This bulletin focuses on the population of girls under age 18 who are confined to adult facilities in the United States. It provides a summary of current research, incorporates the voices of practitioners, and offers recommendations for improving conditions and outcomes for girls who are sentenced to adult facilities.

Document ID: 031370

Gender Injustice: System-Level Juvenile Justice Reform for Girls

Sherman, Francine T., and Annie Balck, 2015

To facilitate developmental juvenile justice system reform for girls, this report will: (1) Map girls' current paths into and through the juvenile justice system; (2) Describe the social contexts driving girls' behavior and involvement in the juvenile justice system; and (3) Detail recommendations for an alternative, developmental approach to redesign juvenile justice systems to address harmful social contexts and girls' resulting behaviors, rather than penalize and punish girls for challenges beyond their control.

Document ID:031229 

Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced and Underprotected

Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams with Priscilla Ocen and Jyoti Nanda. African American Policy Forum (AAPF), Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies (CISPS), 2015

"This is by far the best resource for information regarding the plight of Black girls in the juvenile justice system."

Document ID: 029746

The Sexual Abuse to Prison Pipeline: The Girls' Story

Saar, Malika Saada, et al., 2015

The purpose of this report is to define and describe the sexual abuse to prison pipeline, reveal its underlying causes, and provide guidance to policymakers for reforms that would help shut it down forever. The report also maps out key points in the pipeline--the detention of girls who are victims of sex trafficking; the criminalization of girls who run away from home or become truant; and those who cross from the child welfare system into juvenile justice--to create an understanding of the ways that girls, especially girls of color, are unfairly punished after their experiences of sexual and physical abuse.

Document ID: 031215

Trauma Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System

Kerig, Patricia K. and Julian D. Ford. National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), Juvenile Justice Consortium, 2014.

Document ID: 029839

Project Kealahou: Improving Hawai‘i's System of Care for At-Risk Girls and Young Women through Gender-Responsive, Trauma-Informed Care

Suarez, Edward, David S. Jackson, Lesley A. Slavin, M Stanton Michels, and Kathleen M. McGeehan, 2014

Neglected Needs: Girls in the Criminal Justice System

Sheahan, Frances. Penal Reform International (PRI), Interacgency Panel on Juvenile Justice (IPJJ), 2014

"You need to read this document if you work with justice-involved girls. It explains the serious problems faced with girls in the criminal justice system and suggests ways to address these challenges and meet these girls' critical needs."

Document ID: 028256

Stanislaus County Girls Juvenile Justice Initiative Evaluation Report

Glesmann, Caroline, and Angela Irvine, 2014

Together, the Prison Law Office and Stanislaus County developed the Girls Juvenile Justice Initiative (GJJI) in order to address the county’s lack of gender-responsive resources for justice-involved girls.