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How can I get information on incentives and sanctions/contingency management?


Rewards and sanctions, or contingency management programs, are based on the theory of operant learning, which explains that human behavior is learned through the consequences that result from our actions. Behaviors that result in positive consequence will be repeated. Therefore, behaviors that are reinforced or rewarded are more likely to increase, and behaviors that are punished are more likely to decrease over time.

Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 2020

Revision of Probation Violation Guidelines Update

Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission, 2017

Center for Sentencing Initiatives/National Center for State Courts, 2017

National Institute of Corrections (NIC), 2013

Document ID: 027244

Adaptability of Contingency Management in Justice Settings: Survey Findings on Attitudes Towards Using Rewards

Murphy, Amy, Anne Giuranna Rhodes and Faye S. Taxman, 2012

Contingency management (CM) is widely recognized as an evidence-based practice, but it is not widely used in either treatment settings or justice settings. CM is perceived as adaptable in justice settings given the natural inclination to use contingencies to improve compliance to desired behaviors.

Utilizing Behavioral Interventions to Improve Supervision Outcomes in Community-Based Corrections

Wodahl, Eric J., Brett Garland, Scott E. Culhane, and William P. McCarty, 2011