Back to top

Information on Staff-Inmate Boundaries and Inmate Manipulation


Staff-Prisoner Relationships, Staff Professionalism, and the Use of Authority in Public and Private-Sector Prisons

Crewe, Ben, Alison Liebling, and Susie Hulley, 2015

The study identifies some of the characteristic strengths and weaknesses of the public and private prison sectors, particularly in relation to staff professionalism and its impact on the prisoner experience.

Anti-Fraternization Policies and their Utility in Preventing Staff Sexual Abuse in Custody

Smith, Brenda V. and Melissa C. Loomis. American University, Washington College of Law, Project on Addressing Prison Rape. National PREA Resource Center, 2013

This publication is an excellent resource of case law “detailing how courts across various jurisdictions have analyzed employees’ challenges to anti-fraternization policies. Although the cases below only cover adult institutions, the tension between staff relationships and anti-fraternization policies persists in juvenile agencies as well. Agencies should be mindful that these policies can have a greater impact for female staff; note that of the twenty-six cases below, only nine implicate male staff. The impact of anti-fraternization policies seems to fall more heavily on female staff because of the greater number of male inmates. As one court specifically noted, ‘since the ratio of male prisoners to female guards is vastly higher than the ratio of female prisoners to male guards, there is no doubt that an anti-fraternization policy . . . will impair the marital prospects of women far more than those of men’”

Document ID: 027566

Avoiding Inmate Setups [Video]

Croucher, Greg, Minnesota Department of Corrections, 2012

Document ID: 024456

Sexual Boundary Violations Committed by Female Forensic Workers

Faulkner, Christine, and Cheryl Regehr, 2011

Violations that occur between female corrections staff or female forensic workers and male inmates within the prison or forensic mental health environment'. Sections of this article include: abstract; characteristics of male prisoners and forensic patients; individual factors contributing to boundary violations by female staff; organizational factors contributing to boundary violations by female; implications of sexual boundary violations; and recommendations for practice. 

Document ID: 025700