U.S. Department of Justice

Transition from Jail to Community (TJC)

Topics In the Library

  • Jail Classification
  • County Jail Design
  • Jail Procedures
  • Jail Inservice Training
  • Inspection Of Jails
  • Jail Inspection Forms
  • Jail Alternatives
  • Information System Jails
  • Jail Inspection Audits
  • Jail Preservice Training
There are 2,876 local jails in the United States that process approximately 12 million releases per year. Focusing on offender reentry from jails presents opportunities to have a significant effect on public safety, but offender reentry to the community from jails is a complicated issue. The individuals committed to jails have diverse risks and needs, and their length of stay in jails is brief when compared to prison stays. For many inmates being released, no organization or individual is responsible for their supervision or treatment in the community.

NIC, with project partner Urban Institute, launched the "Transition from Jail to the Community (TJC)" initiative in 2007. A jail transition model has been developed and tested in six local jurisdictions to improve long-term reintegration outcomes for individuals returning to communities from local jails.

Phase I TJC Learning Sites

The development of TJC has multiple phases. Several sites around the country have been selected to receive technical assistance to aid with implementation. TJC Phase 1 learning sites include Davidson County, Tennessee; Denver, Colorado; Douglas County, Kansas; Kent County, Michigan; La Crosse County, Wisconsin; and Orange County, California.

NIC and its project partners have developed technical assistance tools to disseminate to the field. The first of those products is the TJC Implementation Toolkit.

Phase II TJC Learning Sites Selected

In August 2012, NIC released a solicitation and selected an additional six TJC Phase 2 sites: Ada County, Idaho; Franklin County, Massachusetts; Fresno County, California; Hennepin County, Minnesota; Howard County, Maryland; and Jacksonville, Florida. These sites will receive technical assistance in implementing the TJC model for a 2.5 year period.

TJC Phase 1 Findings

In December 2012, jurisdictions received a 90-minute presentation to discuss the implementation of the TJC model, examine the role of screening and assessment in jail reentry, and discuss case management strategies for successful jail reentry.

For more information, please view the following:

TJC AB 109 Site Selected

San Diego and Santa Barbara were selected as two California jurisdictions for implementation of the TJC model in an AB 109 environment. During the next 30 months, NIC will provide these jurisdictions with targeted technical assistance to support their development of a systems change process involving collaborative strategic planning, continuity of care, evidence-based practices, data-driven decisionmaking, and self-evaluation.

Recommended Reading

Date Title Type
Document 032726
Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative Phase 2 Site Reports
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Kurs, Emma; Owens, Colleen; Rao, Shebani; Warwick, Kevin; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC); Alternative Solutions Associates (Chicopee, MA); Corrections Partners, Inc. (CPI) (Clinton Corners, NY).
"TJC [Transition from Jail to Community] represents an integrated approach spanning organizational boundaries to deliver needed information, services, and case management to people released from jail. Boundary-spanning collaborative partnerships are necessary because transition from jail to the community is neither the sole responsibility of the jail nor of the community. Accordingly, effective transition strategies rely on collaboration among jail- and community-based partners and joint ownersh... Read More

Document 026925
Process and Systems Change Evaluation Findings from the Transition to Jail Community Initiative
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Jannetta, Jesse; Dodd, Hannah; Neusteter, S. Rebecca; Warwick, Kevin; Greer, Kaitlin; Matthews, Andrea. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, attention to the challenges associated with people exiting state and federal prisons has increased tremendously. This increased attention is for good reason, as the impact of prisoner reentry on the well-being of individuals, families, and communities is well documented. Yet for every person released from prison annually, approximately 12 people exit local jails … NIC [National Institute of Corrections] launched the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative in 2007 ... Read More
149 pages
Document 026912
Case Management Strategies for Successful Jail Reentry
By Warwick, Kevin; Dodd, Hannah; Neusteter, S. Rebecca. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This brief explains why “it is imperative that jurisdictions use an effective case management process that includes a strong community handoff component, particularly at the moment of release, and that ensures continuity of care between in-jail and community-based programs and services … [and] presents the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative’s approach to case planning and community handoff” (p. 1). Sections of this publication cover: the TJC initiative and model--a triage approac... Read More
10 pages
Document 026911
The Role of Screening and Assessment in Jail Reentry
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“Consistent with effective correctional practice, jails and their community partners should identify risk levels and criminogenic needs of returning [offender] populations and should focus their resources on individuals with the highest levels of both … This brief presents the two-stage screening and assessment process to determine risk and needs levels that is a core element of the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) model” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: the TJC initiative; r... Read More
11 pages
Document 023331
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative
Urban Institute (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative is described. “The TJC initiative is designed to advance coordinated and collaborative relations between jails and local communities to address reentry, leading to enhanced public safety, reduced recidivism, and improved individual reintegration processes” (p.1). Sections of this document are: introduction; jail transition—challenges and opportunities; the TJC model; system-level elements—leadership, vision, and organizational culture, colla... Read More
8 p.