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Browsing Documents Related to 'Probation Revocation'

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Date Title Type
Document 032784
HOPE Probation: Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement [Webinar]
By Alm, Steven S.; Hawken, Angela; Marlowe, Doug; Stinson, Penny; Taylor, Scott; Crawford, Greg. Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC);National institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
The Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) hosted a live webinar event with our federal partners and national and local experts to highlight Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE), a collaborative strategy among the court, probation, prosecutors, defense, law enforcement and community treatment providers to effect positive behavioral changes in probationers. HOPE was first conceived of by Judge Steven S. Alm of the O’ahu First Circuit and began as a pilot program in 2... Read More

90 minutes
Document 032671
HOPE II: A Followup Evaluation of Hawai'i’s HOPE Probation
By Hawken, Angela; Kulick, Jonathan; Smith, Kelly; Mei, Jie; Zhang, Yiwen; Jarman, Sara; Yu, Travis; Carson, Chris; Vial, Tifanie. Pepperdine University. School of Public Policy (Malibu, CA); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC)..
"Hawai'i’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Hawai'i’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement probation relies on a regimen of regular, random drug testing tied to swift and certain, but modest, sanctions to motivate probationer compliance. In two 2007 studies in Hawai'i, a comparison-group quasi-experiment and a randomized controlled trial, HOPE was demonstrated to improve compliance with terms of probation at 12-month followup, with large reductions in drug use, recidivism, and ove... Read More

86 pages
Document 029880
Profiles in Probation Revocation: Examining the Legal Framework in 21 States
By Mitchell, Kelly Lyn; Reitz, Kevin R.; Watts, Alexis; Ellis, Catherine A.; Researchers: Gauri Samant, Ethan Scrivner, Carla Virlee, and Shuangqi (Joy) Wang; Cite checks: Catherine A. Ellis, Shuangqi (Joy) Wang, and Alexis Watts; Editors: Kelly Lyn Mitchell, and Kevin R. Reitz. University of Minnesota Law School. Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (Minneapolis, MN).
"This report compiles—in a convenient format—the results of a yearlong research project on the laws relating to probation revocation in 21 American states. By leafing through the four-page “legal profiles” presented in this volume, readers can easily see how much variation exists in statewide laws of probation and probation revocation, while zeroing in on issues of greatest interest. Whether a reader’s jurisdiction is included in the report’s 21 states or not, the legal profiles contain a wealth... Read More

104 pages
Document 028013
Replicating HOPE: Can Others Do It As Well As Hawaii?
By Pearsall, Beth.
“When Judge Steven Alm wanted to change the behavior of drug-using probationers, he instituted a program that used strict "swift and certain" principles. A rigorous NIJ-funded evaluation in 2009 proved him right. Probationers in Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) program were significantly less likely to fail drug tests or miss probation appointments. They also were sentenced to less time in prison because of probation revocations than were probationers who did not participat... Read More
2 pages
Document 028074
"Swift and Certain" Sanctions in Probation Are Highly Effective: Evaluation of the HOPE Program
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
“The HOPE program — Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement — is an experimental probation program that emphasizes the delivery of "swift and certain" punishment when a probationer violates conditions of probation.” Sections of this brief cover; the positive effects of swift and certain sanctions; how HOPE works; why HOPE effectively reduces probation violations; the impact of HOPE on courts and officers of the courts—process evaluation; and additional research is needed. At the one yea... Read More
2 pages
Document 028363
Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies
By Ghandnoosh, Nazgol; Lewis, Christopher. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"To guide and give greater momentum to recent calls for reform, this report examines a key driving force of criminal justice outcomes: racial perceptions of crime. A complex set of factors contributes to the severity and selectivity of punishment in the United States, including public concern about crime and racial differences in crime rates. This report synthesizes two decades of research establishing that skewed racial perceptions of crime – particularly, white Americans’ strong associations o... Read More
44 pages
Document 028456
Examining Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Probation Revocation: Summary Findings and Implications from a Multisite Study
By Jannetta, Jesse; Breaux, Justin; Ho, Helen; Porter, Jeremy. Urban Institute (New York, NY).
"Racial and ethnic disparity is pervasive in the American criminal justice system. This is particularly stark for blacks, who despite constituting just 13 percent of the US population, account for 30 percent of adult probationers, 37 percent of jail inmates, 38 percent of prisoners, and 40 percent of parolees. Such disparities have broad consequences, from impacts on the health and functioning of minority communities to perceptions of the legitimacy of the criminal justice system. There are more... Read More
15 pages
Document 029554
Reducing Incarceration for Technical Violations in Louisiana: Evaluation of Revocation Cap Shows Cost Savings, Less Crime
Pew Charitable Trusts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
In order to ensure that limited jail and prison beds are maintained for high-risk offenders while lower-risk offenders are placed in more effective and cheaper options, the Louisiana legislature passed a law that limits the incarceration time of first-time probation or parole violators to 90 days. "Louisiana’s 90-day revocation limit has: Reduced the average length of incarceration for first-time technical revocations in Louisiana by 281 days, or 9.2 months; Maintained public safety, with return... Read More
8 pages
Document 029560
Addressing Responsivity Issues with Criminal Justice-Involved Native Americans
By Melton, Ada; Cobb, Kimberly; Lindsey, Adrienne; Colgan, R. Brian; Melton, David J..
Anyone working with Native American offenders should read this article. Its purpose is to "increase the level of understanding of correctional professionals about how the responsivity issues of Native American (NA) individuals can be effectively addressed. NA offenders are involved in criminal and juvenile justice systems handled by tribal, county, state, and federal agencies. As a result, there are several levels of justice practitioners, administrators, and policy makers that come into contact... Read More
12 pages
Document 027725
Effective Responses to Offender Behavior: Lessons Learned from Probation and Parole Supervision
American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg, VA); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (PSPP) (Washington, DC) .
“Using effective strategies to keep probationers and parolees crime- and drug-free and curb their revocation rates is among the most important issues facing our community corrections supervision system … Based on solid research, two key strategies that many agencies have begun to implement are the use of swift, certain, and proportionate sanctions to respond to violations, and the use of incentives to promote and reinforce compliance among probationers and parolees” (p. 1-2). This report does a ... Read More
35 pages
Document 028332
Rethinking the Use of Community Supervision
By Klingele, Cecelia M..
"This Article examines the reasons why community supervision so often fails and challenges popular assumptions about the role community supervision should play in efforts to reduce overreliance on imprisonment. While probation and post-release supervision serve important purposes in many cases, they are often imposed on the wrong people and executed in ways that predictably lead to revocation" (p. 1015). Six sections make up this article: introduction; history and structures of community supervi... Read More
56 pages
Document 016858
Responding to Parole and Probation Violations: A Handbook to Guide Local Policy Development
By Carter, Madeline M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This handbook discusses policy responses to probation and parole violations that enhance the effectiveness of supervision while also improving community safety. Chapters include:
  • Critical issues in violations -- an overview;
  • The importance of vision, mission, goals, and core values;
  • Collaboration -- a central ingredient for success;
  • Developing baseline information;
  • Supervision;
  • Developing tools to make the policy work;
  • Increasing available choices to violation response;<... Read More
101 pages
Document 013793
Policy-Driven Responses to Probation and Parole Violations
By Burke, Peggy B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The author describes the experiences of probation and parole agencies from across the country that worked with NIC on developing innovative approaches to probation and parole violations and revocations. The document identifies critical issues emerging from these experiences, and discusses the impact that some of these approaches had on the jurisdiction or agency involved. ... Read More
48 p.
Document 008753
An Assessment of the Maricopa County Probation Department's Warrant/Absconders Unit
By del Carmen, Rolando V.; Byrne, James M.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Maricopa County Adult Probation Dept. (Phoenix, AZ).
Current policies, procedures and practices of the Maricopa County Adult Probation Department's Warrant/Absconder Unit are examined. Recommendations are offered in four areas: (1) Structure and Purpose of the Warrants Unit; (2) Gun Use by Warrants Unit Personnel; (3) Critical Training and Policy Needs; and (4) The Warrant Unit's Operational Procedures.... Read More
30 p.
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