U.S. Department of Justice

Browsing Documents Related to 'Rehabilitation'

Show Only NIC Documents

Topic Results by Date

Date Title Type
Document 025355
Motivational Interviewing (with a Criminal Justice Focus) Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Motivational Interviewing (MI) was introduced to the field of corrections in the 1990s through the Evidence-based Practices (EBP) Model as a method for enhancing intrinsic motivation. Since that time, agencies throughout the U.S., in all criminal justice settings, have—to a greater or lesser degree—explored if, when, and how to implement this approach to communicating, building rapport, and tapping into the internal motivation of the clients and staff members they work with. This annotated bi... Read More
28 pages
Document 032650
Thinking for a Change 4.0
By Jack Bush, Ph.D., Barry Glick, Ph.D., and Juliana Taymans, Ph.D.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Thinking for a Change 4.0 (T4C) is an integrated cognitive behavioral change program authored by Jack Bush, Ph.D., Barry Glick, Ph.D., and Juliana Taymans, Ph.D., under a cooperative agreement with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). T4C incorporates research from cognitive restructuring theory, social skills development, and the learning and use of problem solving skills. T4C is comprised of 25 lessons that build upon each other, and contains appendices that can be used to craft an ... Read More
Document 029874
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Cognitive Behavioral Approaches [Webinar]
By Starkovich, Kathy; Moseng, Laura; Prince, Reginald; Brooks, Carol Cramer, Moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI) .
"Cognitive behavioral approaches come from two separate psychological theories: cognitive theory says that the way someone thinks will determine their behavior; behavioral theory says that the environment in which a person finds him or herself also affects behavior. The examples presented in this Webinar illustrate the blending of cognitive and behavioral theories resulting in effective practice across custody settings. Panelists share the principles specific to their cognitive behavioral theory... Read More

84 minutes
Document 030007
Insight-Out (San Rafael, CA).
"Insight-Out organizes initiatives for prisoners and challenged youth that create the personal and systemic change to transform violence and suffering into opportunities for learning and healing." These initiatives are: GRIP (Guiding Rage into Power); Veterans Healing Veterans; Prison Mindfulness Initiative (PMI); At Risk Youth; and Prison Reform. Points of entry include: about us; programs; training/talks; Insights blog; latest news; newsletter; A Blast From The Past; audio presentations; stori... Read More

Document 031541
What Works? Short-Term, In-Custody Treatment Programs
By Lizama, Jaslene; Matthews, Vikram; Reyes, Sean. California State University. Center for Public Policy (Fullerton, CA).
"Assessing the effectiveness of in-custody treatment programs is essential in the correctional system to appropriately allocate resources and reduce offender recidivism rates. With California passing AB 109, “2011 Public Safety Realignment”, it becomes imperative to understand the characteristics and principles of effective rehabilitation programing. Treatment programs that follow the core principles of the Risk-Needs-Responsivity model are found to be effective and to significantly decrease rec... Read More

28 pages
Document 029614
Mindfulness Meditation in American Correctional Facilities: A "What Works" Approach to Reducing Reoffending
By Shonin, Edo; Van Gordon, William; Griffiths, Mark D..
This article explains why mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) can be effective in offender rehabilitation and reduce recidivism. Sections address: the program structure of MBIs in correctional settings in the U.S.; findings from controlled research studies in U.S. prisons; mindfulness as a reoffending reduction strategy resulting in improved "inmate levels of negative affect; substance use and drug-related self-control; anger and hostility; relaxation capacity; and self-esteem and optimism" (... Read More
5 pages
Document 027822
Reducing Criminal Recidivism for Justice-Involved Persons with Mental Illness: Risk/Needs/Responsivity and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions
By Rotter, Merrill; Carr, W. Amory. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
If you work with mentally ill offenders you find this publication very useful. “In this document, we [the authors] review the leading offender recidivism–targeted intervention paradigm: Risk/Needs/Responsivity (RNR) … In particular, we focus on criminal thinking, one of the identified “needs,” and structured cognitive-behavioral interventions from the worlds of criminal justice and mental health that were created or adapted to specifically target the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors associated ... Read More
6 pages
Document 027939
Transforming Rehabilitation: A Summary of Evidence on Reducing Reoffending
United Kingdom. Ministry of Justice (London, England).
“This summary provides an overview of key evidence relating to reducing the reoffending of adult offenders … [it] outlines evidence on factors associated with reoffending as well as desistance. It also presents evidence on aspects of general offender management and supervision, and on particular interventions and approaches that can reduce reoffending” (p. 1). Sections of this report include: introduction; reoffending and desistance; working effectively with offenders; evidence on reducing reoff... Read More
58 pages
Document 026244
The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model: Does Adding the Good Lives Model Contribute to Effective Crime Prevention?
By Andrews, D.A.; Bonta, James; Wormith, J. Stephen.
“Recently, the good lives model (GLM) has been promoted as an alternative and enhancement to RNR [risk-need-responsivity]. GLM sets itself apart from RNR by its positive, strengths-based, and restorative model of rehabilitation. In addition, GLM hypothesizes that enhancing personal fulfillment will lead naturally to reductions in criminogenic needs, whereas RNR posits the reverse direction. In this article the authors respond to GLM’s criticisms of RNR and conclude that little substance is added... Read More
21 pages
Document 025057
Thinking for a Change: Integrated Cognitive Behavior Change Program
By Bush, Jack; Glick, Barry; Taymans, Juliana. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
{{NOTE: Thinking for a Change 3.1 has been superseded by Thinking for a Change 4.0 . Thinking for a Change The Thinking for a Change curriculum has been revised and as a result NIC is no longer making available copies of any previous versions of Thinking for a Change 3.1.}} Thinking for a Change (T4C) is the innovative, evidence-based cognitive behavioral curriculum from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) that has broadly influenced the ... Read More
Document 025180
Motivational Interviewing for Incarcerated Adolescents: Effects of Depressive Symptoms on Reducing Alcohol and Marijuana Use After Release
By Stein, L.A.R.; Lebeau, Rebecca; Colby, Suzanne M.; Barnett, Nancy P.; Golembeske, Charles; Monti, Peter M..
“This study evaluates the efficacy of MI [motivational interviewing] versus RT [relaxation training] in reducing substance use outcomes for incarcerated adolescents and examines the role of depressive symptoms in moderating outcomes.” While MI is shown to be effective in reducing the use of alcohol in adolescents with low and high levels of depression and marijuana use in individuals with low levels of depression, it appears RT is better suited to marijuana-involved adolescents with high depress... Read More
10 pages
Document 026824
Treatment of Impulsive Aggression in Correctional Settings
By Shelton, Deborah; Sampl, Susan; Kesten, Karen L.; Zhang, Wanli; Trestman, Robert L..
“This article reports the implementation of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy-Corrections Modified (DBT-CM) for difficult to manage, impulsive and/or aggressive correctional populations … The study supports the value of DBT-CM for management of aggressive behaviors in prison settings” (p. 787). ... Read More
14 pages
Document 023535
Implementing Motivational Interviewing in Correctional Settings: An Interview with Dr. William Miller
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This presentation is an extended interview with Dr. William Miller regarding the utilization of motivational interviewing (MI) in correctional settings. Topics discussed include:
  • Background of MI
  • MI in corrections
  • How MI works
  • The spirit of MI
  • Implementing MI
  • MI applications and assessment
  • Brief and one-time MI
  • Essentials of MI
  • MI roll-out and training
  • The supervisor’s role
  • MI research
  • And implications for policy makers, supervis... Read More
1 computer disk; DVD-ROM (142 min.) + 1 computer disk; CD-ROM
Document 023362
Effective Clinical Practices in Treating Clients in the Criminal Justice System
By Scott, Wayne. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
This monograph is “intended to strengthen and improve the dissemination of evidence-based rehabilitative technologies for offenders, within the multidisciplinary context of correctional treatment” (p.x). Sections of this document include: executive summary; introduction — effective clinical practices and the critical need for collaboration; what evidence-based practice (EBP) is; overarching principles of effective correctional treatment; common therapeutic factors — what works in treatment gener... Read More
89 p.
Document 022253
Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole
By Walters, Scott T.; Clark, Michael D.; Gingerich, Ray; Meltzer, Melissa L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This publication "provides probation and parole officers and other correctional professionals with both a solid grounding in the principles behind MI [motivational interviewing] and a practical guide for applying these principles in their everyday dealings with offenders" (p.2). Seven chapters are contained in this guide: how MI fits in with evidence-based practice; how and why people change; the motivational interviewing style; preparing for change; building motivation for change; navigating th... Read More
100 p.
Document 021657
Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment: A Review and Discussion for Corrections Professionals
By Milkman, Harvey; Wanberg, Kenneth. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Detailed information regarding the use and benefits of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in prisons and jails is provided. Chapters comprising this guide address: the increasing need for effective treatment services; what cognitive-behavioral therapy is; prominent CBT programs for offenders; measuring the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs; evaluating specific CBT curricula; and "real world" program applications.... Read More
78 p.
Document 020745
Project Guide: Best Practices -- In-Custody Programs for Juveniles and Adults
By Trotti, Trudie. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
Seventeen best practice in-custody programs (the "placement in residential program that restrict offender access to the community") are described (p. 7). Programs highlighted are: Aggression Replacement Training; B-Cultural Substance Abuse Curriculum; Cognitive Skills Training; Correctional Services of Canada's Aboriginal Sex Offender Program; Family Connections Project; Literacy Programs in Canadian prisons; Mettanokit Prison Program; Native Clan Organizational Correctional Programs; Okimaw Oh... Read More
46 p.
Document 019745
Effective Communication/Motivational Strategies in Assessing and Overcoming Resistance to Change [Lesson Plans and Participant's Manual]
By Ferns, Ray; Gornik, Mark; Cheney, Deena. National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
This 32-hour training program will "provide practitioners, who are working with resistive, chemically dependent or criminal populations, with specific knowledge, skills and techniques to more effectively internalize motivation for change" (p. 1). This course includes eight modules:
  • Introduction to overall course;
  • Offender management;
  • Social learning theory;
  • Overview of "What Works" research;
  • Criminal logic;
  • Introduction to basic communication skills;
  • Why these skills won... Read More
Document 019791
Motivational Interviewing Training [Lesson Plans]
By Bogue, Brad Nandi, Anjali. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Justice System Assessment & Training (Boulder, CO).
The use of motivational interviewing (MI) with offenders is described during this 12-hour program. MI is an integrated and "complex set of clinical skills and strategies based on the principles of autonomy, collaboration and evocation" (p. i). Sections of this curriculum cover: principles of effective interventions; introduction to MI; active listening; identifying and eliciting change talk; values exploration; working with resistance; acronym model and review; Transtheoretical Model of Change;... Read More
116 p.
Document 018190
Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Cognitive Behavioral Program for Offenders on Probation: Thinking for a Change
By Golden, Lori.
The effectiveness of "Thinking for a Change" -- a cognitive behavioral program for adult probationers -- is investigated. Following an abstract, this dissertation contains these chapters: introduction; literature review; study purpose and major aims; method; results; and discussion. While "results for changes and improvements in criminal sentiments found in the present study [are] disappointing and counter to expectation," there are significant positive changes in social skills and social probl... Read More
155 p.
Document 014209
Cognitive-Behavioral Programs: A Resource Guide to Existing Services
By Van Dieten, Marilyn. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Designed to give correctional practitioners an overview of services available for use with their clients, this resources guide lists cognitive-behavioral programs for males, females, youth, adults, and couples. It covers primary need areas as follows: substance abuse, sex offenses, anger, cognitive skills, employment, relapse prevention, domestic abuse, and criminal attitudes.... Read More
25 p.
Document 015492
NAVCON Brig Sex Offender Treatment Program [Facilitator and Participant Manuals]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NAVCON Brig Sex Offender Treatment Program (N.P.).
This two year voluntary program assists participants through group sessions and individual behavioral treatment sessions in finding ways to avoid inappropriate and illegal sexual behavior in the future. There are eight modules in this program.
  • Module I is an introduction to the program and covers why enter, what is treatment, autobiography, blocks to treatment, and a glossary.
  • Module II covers relapse prevention and includes: information on the cycle of abuse; building, adding thoughts... Read More
Document 012948
DETOUR Program: Problem Solving Skills for Offenders, a Scripted Unit of Instruction
By Burd, Judy. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Texas Dept. of Criminal Justice. Windham School System (Huntsville, TX).
The objectives of this thirty-hour program are to learn and practice problem solving steps, and to discover the correlation between the way we think about situations and the way we respond. Utilizing these problem solving skills outside of the classroom hopefully will result in fewer disciplinary cases and less recidivism. This manual gives detailed lesson plans and outlines.... Read More
150 p.
Document 012782
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections (Madison, WI).
The focus of the Cognitive Interventions Program is to change the criminal behavior of offenders by motivating them to change themselves. Cognitive change is self-change. This program is divided into four phases. Phase I - Orientation: This phase is designed to teach the basic concepts and techniques of cognitive change. Phase II - The Change Process: In this phase offenders use techniques of cognitive self-observation (Thinking Reports, Journals, Problem and Hassle Logs) to identify thei... Read More
148 p.
Document 003486
Marketing Strategies for Inmate Programs: A Succinct Review
By Metts, James R.. National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections (Boulder, CO). National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections (Boulder, CO).
... Read More
5 pages
NOTE: This may not be a complete listing of documents available for this topic. Only current and publicly available documents are available on our website. Contact our free Help Desk to find out what else might be available for this topic.

General Topics

The documents in our online library have been "tagged" with keywords that relate the major topics they address. You can explore those tags by opening the larger categories listed below. Clicking on a "tag" or topic will give you a list of all the related material on our website. If you are having trouble finding good material, contact our help desk. They have access to thousands of documents not available online.




Justice System


Offender Management

Offender Services



Special Offenders

Statistics & Research