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Date Title Type
Document 030171
Community-Based Responses to Justice-Involved Young Adults
By Schiraldi, Vincent; Western, Bruce; Bradner, Kendra. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). Harvard Kennedy School. Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management; National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
"This bulletin proposes a new criminal justice paradigm for young men and women ages 18 to 24. Noting that the human brain has been clinically shown to not fully mature prior to the mid-20s, the authors suggest new institutional methods and processes for young adult justice that can meet the realities of life for today’s disadvantaged youth involved in crime and the criminal justice system. The authors envision a system that extends the reach of the juvenile court to reflect a modern understandi... Read More

28 pages
Document 031365
Reducing Juvenile Recidivism Interactive Checklists
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center. National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
"These interactive checklists can help state and local officials to assess whether their juvenile justice system’s policies and practices are aligned with the research on “what works” to reduce recidivism and to identify opportunities for improvement" (website). There are three checklists each designed for a particular audience: Checklist for Juvenile Justice Agency Leaders and Managers; Ten Key Questions Judges Can Ask to Improve Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System; and Three Key ... Read More

Document 031364
Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Young Adults in the Juvenile and Adult Criminal Justice Systems
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center. National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
"This brief, from the CSG Justice Center, is designed to help state and local officials better support young adults in the justice system. It identifies these young adults’ distinct needs, summaries the limited research available on what works to address these needs, and provides recommendations for steps that policymakers, juvenile and adult criminal justice agency leaders, researchers, and the field can take to improve outcomes" (website). ... Read More

12 pages
Document 031385
Zero Tolerance: How States Comply with PREA’s Youthful Inmate Standard
By Daugherty, Carmen. Campaign for Youth Justice (CFYJ) (Washington, DC).
"The United States' extraordinary use of adult correctional facilities to house youth presents numerous concerns, including serious, long-term costs to the youth offender and to society at large. Science and research conducted over the last 20 years confirm what common sense tells us: kids are different. Despite evidence based research highlighting the harms of placing youth in adult facilities and the long term costs of incarceration to youth and society, 1200 youth are in state prisons on any ... Read More

60 pages
Document 027982
Youthful Offenders – DC Public Safety Television
By Cosby, Jim; Rawlings, Lisa; Thompson, Stephanie; Barno, Christopher. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
If your organization is looking for strategies to meet the needs of youthful offenders, you need to watch this video. It provides a wealth of information about this vulnerable population in a concise amount of time. “The program provides an overview of CSOSA’s [Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency’s] young adult efforts based on national best practice standards. The program will discuss: The findings of national best practice research; How CSOSA chooses youthful high risk adult offende... Read More
30 minutes
Document 028161
“Take My License n’ All That Jive, I Can’t See?…?35”: Little Hope for the Future Encourages Offending Over Time
By Piquero, Alex R..
The relationship between a youth's expectations of early death (fatalism) and criminal behavior is examined. In particular, this seven-year study "examined the determinates of anticipated early death, the extent to which anticipated early death distinguished between distinct patterns of offending, and the potential mediating linkages between anticipated early death and distinct offending styles" (p. 20). Sections of this article include: introduction-- prior research on anticipated early death, ... Read More
27 pages
Document 028479
Sam Survives [Graphic Novel]
By Yarussi, Jaime M.; Smith, Brenda V.; Ross, Monica, illustrator. Ford Foundation (New York, NY). American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC).
This publication is an excellent graphic novel for male youthful inmates, those under 18 years of age, which provides them vital information about possible exposure to sexual abuse in adult correctional settings. "The novel raises several important issues including: (1) the code of silence among inmates and correctional staff in a facility; (2) beliefs about protective pairing; (3) the experience of gender non-conforming inmates; and (4) and female staff as perpetrators of sexual abuse". It is ... Read More
27 pages + 1 page
Document 028489
Positive Youth Justice Website
John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Research and Evaluation Center (New York, NY).
This website "is designed to support and promote youth justice programs that are informed by the science of adolescent development. Despite the obvious relevance of developmental science for the design and operation of youth justice programs, these concepts are not yet the dominant framework for interventions in youth justice. One way to increase the efficacy of youth justice would be to build programs and policies using the Positive Youth Justice Model (PYJ), which is a practical guide for appl... Read More
Document 029575
What Works and What Doesn’t in Reducing Recidivism with Youthful Offenders
By Latessa, Edward J..
This is a great introduction about how to effectively reduce youthful offender recidivism. Topics discussed include: the meaning of evidence based practice (EBP); five things EBP requires; what research tells us; principles for effective interventions—risk (who), need (what), treatment (how), and fidelity (how well); risk principle—"Risk refers to the risk of reoffending not the seriousness of the offense", target higher risk youth, provide most intensive interventions to higher risk youth, and ... Read More
82 pages
Document 028418
Desktop Guide to Quality Practice for Working with Youth in Confinement
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY); National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (New York, NY).
Recent successful juvenile justice and juvenile detention reforms have resulted in better and more meaningful public policy on the use of custody facilities and have triggered significant reductions in juvenile detention and corrections populations. However, a secondary—and perhaps unintended—consequence has been a parallel reduction in the resources available to continue providing much needed training and technical assistance to facilities that still must confine the most troublesome youth. As ... Read More
Document 027339
Juveniles Who Sexually Offend (JwSO): An Overview
By Rokop, James.
This excellent presentation provides a wealth of information about juvenile sex offenders. Issues discussed include: the problem; the legal response; the myths—recidivism, high risk, later offending as adults, and heterogeneity; theories—evolutionary, behavioral and social learning, abuse-abuser, sexual victimization, attachment, ecological, integrated development, and biological, genetic, or neuropsychological; typologies; differentiating JwSO from other offenders; some characteristics identifi... Read More
69 pages
Document 027337
TDMHSAS Best Practice Guidelines: Adolescents Who Have Engaged In Sexually Abusive Behavior
Tennessee Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS). Division of Planning, Research and Forensics (Nashville, TN); Tennessee Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS). Division of Clinical Leadership (Nashville, TN).
“The guidelines presented here are to assist in the evaluation and treatment of adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. The goal of these guidelines is to improve the care of adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior, which in turn increases community safety and decreases the victimization of others. These guidelines are primarily intended for males who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. Though some may apply to females there is insufficient research to... Read More
22 pages
Document 027658
PREA Youthful Inmate Implementation
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
This webpage provides information regarding the implementation of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) “youthful inmate” standard. Youthful inmates are any incarcerated individuals under the age of 18. Links are provided to a two part webinar series regarding this implementation in three jurisdictions—Oregon, North Carolina, and Indiana. Other sections provide information about: the “youthful inmate” PREA Standard 115.14; options for implementation—reducing the number of youthful inmates in ad... Read More
4 pages
Document 016747
Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol [J-SOAP]
By Prentky, Robert; Righthand, Sue. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexa. Center for Sex Offender Management (Silver Spring, MD).
A checklist "to aid in the systematic review of risk factors" for 12-18 year old boys is presented (p. iv). The manual for this experimental scale contains sections on: the development and validation of J-SOAP; references; frequently asked questions; scoring guidelines; scoring instructions for Scale I (sexual drive/preoccupation), Scale II (impulsive/antisocial behavior), Scale III (intervention), and Scale IV (community stability/adjustment); and J-SOAP scoring and summary forms.... Read More
44 p.
Document 016685
Prison Health Care: Youthful Offenders Sentenced as Adults [Lesson Plans]
National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
Information and resources that address the unique challenges of providing health services to youthful offenders are provided through this 20-hour training program. This manual is divided into the following sections: adolescent development; trends and health issues; organizational/administrative issues; security and classification; the role of the medical staff; professional boundaries; mental health disorders; substance abuse; suicide prevention/intervention; sexual/physical/emotional abuse; b... Read More
91 p.
Document 011369
Profiles of Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Programs: Women and Violent Youthful Offenders
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
This document provides brief overviews of substance abuse treatment programs currently serving women and youthful violent offenders. Eleven programs for women are identified, including OPTIONS, WINGS, Forever Free, Marilyn Baker House, Booneville Treatment Center for Women, Dos Pasos Program, and New Image. The two programs described for youthful violent offenders are the Cook County Day Reporting Center and the substance abuse treatment program at the Lee Arrendale Correctional Institution. Pro... Read More
98 p.
Document 002663
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Final Report
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
89 p.
Document 002664
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Staff Summary
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections NWashington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
23 p.
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