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Browsing Documents Related to 'Pretrial Diversion '

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Date Title Type
Document 032831
A Framework for Pretrial Justice: Essential Elements of an Effective Pretrial System and Agency
By Pilnik, Lisa; Hankey, Barbara; Simoni, Elizabeth; Kennedy, Spurgeon; Moore, Leland J.; Sawyer, Jim. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Pretrial Executive Network (Washington, DC).
This document highlights the commitment of the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) to define and support evidence-based practices that improve decision-making at the pretrial stage of our criminal justice system, enhancing the safety of America’s communities and fostering the fair administration of pretrial release and detention. With the release of A Framework for Pretrial Justice: Essential Elements of an Effective Pretrial System and Agency, NIC and its Pretrial Executive Network helps in... Read More

65 pages
Document 031488
First-Episode Incarceration: Creating a Recovery-Informed Framework for Integrated Mental Health and Criminal Justice Responses
By Pope, Leah G. ; Hopper, Kim; Davis, Chelsea; Cloud, David. Vera Institute of Justice. Substance Use and Mental Health Program. Justice Reform for Healthy Communities (New York, NY).
"This report, modeled on promising approaches in the mental health field to people experiencing a first episode of psychosis, outlines a new integrated framework that encourages the mental health and criminal justice fields to collaborate on developing programs based on early intervention, an understanding of the social determinants that underlie ill health and criminal justice involvement, and recovery-oriented treatment." ... Read More

20 pages
Document 032938
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses at the Pretrial Stage: Essential Elements
By Fader-Towe, Hallie; Osher, Fred C.. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Council of State Government (CSG). Justice Center (New York, NY).
"This report introduces essential elements for responding to people with mental illnesses at the pretrial stage, including decisions about pretrial release and diversion. These elements encourage data collection not only to help individual communities, but also for future researchers who are dedicated to these important questions."... Read More

42 pages
Document 029722
Measuring for Results: Outcome and Performance Measures for Pretrial Diversion Field
By Kennedy, Spurgeon; Klute, Tara Boh. National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC).
"This publication outlines suggested outcome and performance measures and critical operational data for pretrial diversion programs. Its goals are to present clearly defined and easily calculable measures that pretrial diversion programs can use to gauge progress in achieving their mission and strategic goals, improve business decisions, and illustrate pretrial diversion’s value in an evidence-based criminal justice system. The suggested measures are compatible with established national pretrial... Read More
29 pages
Document 029982
The Costs of Pretrial Justice
Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Crime and Justice Institute (CJI) (Boston, MA).
This "series of briefs which explore the costs of pretrial justice and how those costs can be effectively mitigated through risk-based decision making." "The Cost of Pretrial Justice: This brief highlights costs that local stakeholders should consider when developing pretrial policies and programs, outlines some of the trade-offs policy makers face when allocating scarce resources, and points to the need to apply cost-benefit analysis to pretrial decision making." "Pretrial Justice: Costs and ... Read More

Document 031317
Municipal Courts: An Effective Tool for Diverting People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders from the Criminal Justice System
Policy Research Associates, Inc. (Delmar, NY); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
The opportunity for diverting offenders with mental illness and substance abuse disorders from the criminal justice system when they have their first appearance in a municipal court is explained. Sections of this publication include: introduction; Sequential Intercept Model (SIM); municipal courts—definition and caseloads; municipal courts as a venue for diversion of people with mental and substance use disorders; challenges to the use of municipal courts for diversion—case volume, time constrai... Read More

20 pages
Document 031460
CCCN LIVE National Forum Discussion [Webinar]
By Nunes, Phil; Qazilbash, Ruby; Marlowe, Doug; Rosenberg, Steve; McDonnell, Maureen; Jenkins, Mack; Green, Katie; Burke, Susan; Crawford, Greg. Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Objectives: highlight federal resources available to community corrections and criminal justice agencies; define service needs of justice-involved individuals; showcase a local example of collaboration and resources utilization—San Diego County Probation; and engage the criminal justice system in a live discussion about the resources available, how to access funding, receive technical assistance, and to motivate our leaders to want to do more.... Read More

91 minutes
Document 028258
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Pretrial System: A "Front Door" to Health and Safety
Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA) (Washington, DC).
"The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides an historic opportunity for millions of low-income individuals to obtain insurance coverage for their physical and behavioral health care needs. For the last several years, diverse behavioral health advocates, health care providers and community-based prevention organizations, have worked to understand the implications of the ACA on the justice-involved population. Much of the conversation has been centered on the disproportionately ... Read More
15 pages
Document 028316
Pretrial Justice Institute
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
'"The Pretrial Justice Institute’s core purpose is to advance safe, fair, and effective juvenile and adult pretrial justice practices and policies … [JPI] created this practice-based, informational resource for practitioners, policymakers, advocates and others interested in improving pretrial justice … [Materials are featured] that have been generated from jurisdictions across the country in the course of their bail reform endeavors to reduce inappropriate detention, optimize diversion from pros... Read More
Document 028317
Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways to Solve America's Correctional Challenges
By Ziedenberg, Jason. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC); NIC-TA#13C5022. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC).
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN)—a network representing community corrections professionals—commissioned a position paper to explore the successes and challenges facing the community corrections field. The position paper, "Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways To Solve America’s Correctional Challenges", finds that community corrections is a critical part of the public safety system that supervises individua... Read More
36 pages
Document 028362
Pretrial Justice: The Colorado Story
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
"Over the last few years, Colorado has been working on statewide pretrial justice reform and seen incredible advancements in legislation, policy, and practice. This video chronicles their journey so far in working to establish safe, fair, and effective pretrial justice in the state."... Read More
21 minutes
Document 029649
Pretrial Services: An Effective Alternative to Monetary Bail
By Lam, Courtney. Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (CJCJ) (New York, NY).
"In an attempt to reduce jail overcrowding, attention is turning to the 63 percent of people held in county jails who have not been convicted of a crime. Many of these people are waiting for their day in court in jail — not because they pose a risk to public safety, but simply because they cannot afford to post bail … This publication examines the challenges of relying on a monetary bail system and highlights existing solutions, such as pretrial services, that save money, reduce racial dispariti... Read More
7 pages
Document 027502
The Delivery of Pretrial Justice in Rural Areas: A Guide for Rural County Officials
By Vetter, Stephanie J.; Clark, John. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); National Association of Counties (NACo) (Washington, DC).
“This is a guide for elected officials seeking to enhance existing or develop new pretrial justice practices in rural areas. By identifying the characteristics, strengths and challenges in rural jurisdictions and combining these factors with the lessons and experiences of urban, suburban and rural pretrial justice programs, national standards and best practices, this guide offers a set of recommendations to enhance local policies and practices within the context of rural settings” (p. 3). Sectio... Read More
23 pages
Document 027504
A Structured Evidence Review to Identify Treatment Needs of Justice-Involved Veterans and Associated Psychological Interventions
By Blodgett, Janet C.; Fuh, Ingrid L.; Maisel, Natalya C.; Midboe, Amanda M.. U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs (Washington, DC). VA Palo Alto Health Care System. Center for Health Care Evaluation (Menlo Park, CA).
This “structured evidence review is a comprehensive and critical examination of the needs and treatments – in particular psychological treatments – which either are, or are thought to be, relevant to this population of Veterans. A wealth of careful, thoughtful, and clear assessment of the evidence awaits the reader of the structured evidence review” (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary include: introduction—background and key questions for review; methods; results fof demographic char... Read More
126 pages
Document 028480
Assessing Pretrial Risk without a Defendant Interview
By VanNostrand, Marie; Lowenkamp, Christopher T.. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, TX).
"Although the use of pretrial risk assessments has increased in recent years, the proportion of jurisdictions employing these instruments remains low, and is estimated to be no more than 10%. This low adoption rate is due in large part to the fact that existing risk assessments require that information be collected through interviews with defendants. Conducting these interviews and verifying the information is a time-consuming and resource-intensive process that many jurisdictions cannot afford"... Read More
21 pages
Document 029993
Creating an Effective Pretrial Program: A Toolkit for Practitioners
By Pierce-Danford, Kristy; Guevara, Meghan. Crime and Justice Institute (CJI) (Boston, MA); Californians for Safety and Justice. Local Safety Solutions Project (Oakland, CA).
Pretrial program models "have evolved considerably in recent decades, and there is evidence to show that they can be more successful than the money bail system at ensuring public safety and court appearance. There are many evidence-based options available to communities seeking to implement or strengthen pretrial programs … Many counties are now exploring such programs, asking critical questions about whom among those awaiting trial needs to be in jail and who can be managed successfully in the ... Read More

32 pages
Document 026098
Promising Practices in Pretrial Diversion
By Kennedy, Spurgeon; Brown, James; Darbey, Barbara; Gatti, Anne; Klute, Tara; Maher, Mary Pat; Peterca, Daniel. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Service Agencies (NAPSA) (Washington, DC).
'The goal of this monograph is to inform criminal justice practitioners and state and local policy makers of: Promising and emerging practices in the pretrial diversion field; The state of pretrial diversion and major issues and findings within the field; and The challenges and opportunities facing diversion practitioners' (p. 4). Sections of this publication include: introduction; pretrial diversion'an overview; promising and emerging practices in pretrial diversion; and conclusion. An appendix... Read More

43 pages
Document 023359
Legal and Evidence Based Practices: Application of Legal Principles, Laws, and Research to the Field of Pretrial Services
By VanNostrand, Marie. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
"[C]ritical legal principles applicable to defendants during the pretrial stage" are covered (p.3). Sections of this paper are: introduction and background; pretrial legal foundation -- presumption of innocence, right to counsel, right against self-incrimination, right to due process of law, right to equal protection under the law, right to bail that is not excessive, and summary of legal principles; evidence-based practices in pretrial services and community corrections; and summary and conclu... Read More
33 p.
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