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Date Title Type
Document 030018
Veterans Treatment Courts: A Second Chance for Vets Who Have Lost Their Way
By Edelman, Bernard; Berger, Thomas J.; Crawford, Gregory. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"This white paper is based on a series of interviews, buttressed by personal observations, of key players in half a dozen jurisdictions where Veterans Treatment Courts have been operating with marked success. Neither graphs nor charts nor a plethora of statistics are employed to illustrate the protocols and practices of these therapeutic courts. Instead, proponents and practitioners intimately involved in the founding and operation of these courts relate how they are “the right thing to do” for ... Read More

92 pages
Document 032715
Nevada Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument (NPR) Documents
Supreme Court of Nevada Judicial Council Committee to Study Evidence-Based Pretrial Release (Carson City, NE).
Following a review of the available research regarding pretrial risk assessment instruments being used in other jurisdictions, the Committee decided that "it would be preferable to develop a customized pretrial risk instrument that incorporated all of the positive attributes of these risk instruments but had the advantage of being tested and normed on defendants being released in Nevada" (Final Report, p. 1). This collection of documents explains how the Nevada Pretrial Risk Assessment (NPR) was... Read More

Document 032786
Live Webinar Event for the Release of NIC Publication "Veterans Treatment Courts: A Second Chance for Vets Who Have Lost Their Way [Webinar]
By Edelman, Bernard; Berger, Thomas J.; Russell, Robert, Jr.; Fitzgerald, Melissa; Welch, Patrick; Stefanovic, Nicholas; Crawford, Greg. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Sentencing alternatives for veterans? There are dozens of specialized courts across the country that employ therapeutic programs to help keep veterans out of jail. "Veterans Treatment Courts: A Second Chance for Vets Who Have Lost Their Way" is a new publication that tells the story of these veterans and the judges, veterans advocates, and treatment professionals who are fighting to ensure a second chance for vets who find themselves caught up in the criminal justice system. The publication w... Read More

95 minutes
Document 031329
The Growth of Veterans Treatment Courts [Podcast]
By Arnold, Aaron; Qazilbash, Ruby; Crawford, Greg. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC) .
"Veterans Treatment Courts are one of the fastest growing criminal justice programs in the United States. Since 9/11, more than 2.5 million Americans have served our country in uniform. Many of them have deployed several times. And many of these men and women in uniform are coming home and struggling not only with the physical wounds of war, but also its “invisible” wounds: post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury. Since the inception of the first Veterans Treatment Court by Ju... Read More

29 minutes
Document 031317
Municipal Courts: An Effective Tool for Diverting People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders from the Criminal Justice System
Policy Research Associates, Inc. (Delmar, NY); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
The opportunity for diverting offenders with mental illness and substance abuse disorders from the criminal justice system when they have their first appearance in a municipal court is explained. Sections of this publication include: introduction; Sequential Intercept Model (SIM); municipal courts—definition and caseloads; municipal courts as a venue for diversion of people with mental and substance use disorders; challenges to the use of municipal courts for diversion—case volume, time constrai... Read More

20 pages
Document 031221
Problem Solving Courts
National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg VA).
This website provides access to general information and links to resources for each of the following types of problem solving courts-community courts, drug/DWI courts, fathering courts, mental health courts, veterans courts, and other problem-solving courts (i.e., homeless courts, teen courts, tobacco courts, and family courts).... Read More

Document 031300
Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts: The Policies and Procedures Guide
By Sekaquaptewa, Pat; van Schilfgaarde, Lauren. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Tribal Law and Policy Institute (West Hollywood, CA).
"Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts, also known as drug courts, have proliferated within Indian country during the last two decades. The drug court model, beginning within state courts, was later adapted for tribes to better allow for the diversity of cultures, languages, needs, governance structures, and laws. Essentially, a Tribal Healing to Wellness Court, like a state drug court, integrates substance abuse treatment with the criminal justice system to provide substance-abusing offenders judi... Read More

365 pages
Document 029962
Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) (West Hollywood, CA).
This website is an excellent resource for information about Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts. "[A] Tribal Healing to Wellness Court brings together alcohol and drug treatment, community healing resources, and the tribal justice process by using a team approach to achieve the physical and spiritual healing of the individual participant, and to promote Native nation building and the well-being of the community." Points of entry include: about the Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI); Wellness C... Read More

Document 029922
Research Update on DWI Courts
By Harron, Ashley; Kavanaugh, J. Michael. National Center for DWI Courts (NCDC) (Alexandria, VA).
This review demonstrates the effectiveness of DWI Courts on DWI recidivism and general recidivism while they provide significant cost savings to taxpayers. Sections of this document cover: conclusions of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB); effects on recidivism; duration of effects; motor vehicle crashes; cost-effectiveness; and concluding remarks of tangible and intangible benefits. "That DWI Courts reduce recidivism is no longer a matter of debate or conjecture. The most conservat... Read More

8 pages
Document 030029
Veterans Treatment Courts: Do Status-Based Problem-Solving Courts Create an Improper Privileged Class of Criminal Defendants?
By Jones, Allison E.. Washington University Law School Open Scholarship.
"Although veterans treatment courts themselves are a recent and developing innovation, veteran status and its intersection with criminal sentencing considerations has an increasingly substantial legal basis to draw on. Prior to the expansion of problem-solving courts to reach veterans, many state-level trial court judges already considered military service-related disorders as potential mitigating factors. More recently, several states have either passed or proposed legislation designating veter... Read More

26 pages
Document 030172
Offender Risk & Needs Assessment Instruments: A Primer for Courts
By Casy, Pamela M.; Elek, Jennifer K.; Warren, Roger K.; Cheesman, Fred; Kleiman, Matt; Ostrom, Brian. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg VA).
"Practitioners use risk assessment information to inform decisions at various points in the criminal justice system. The Primer is written for judges, policy makers, and other practitioners interested in the use of RNA [risk and needs assessment] information at sentencing for the purpose of informing community corrections related decisions regarding management and reduction of offender recidivism risk. It focuses on RNA instruments designed specifically to inform these community corrections-rela... Read More

111 pages
Document 029527
Unchain the Children: Policy Opportunities to Stop Shackling Children in Court [Webinar]
By Shapiro, David; Yeannakis, George. National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC); Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) (Washington, DC).
"Children in far too many states are forced to appear in court shackled – often wearing handcuffs, leg irons, and belly chains connecting ankle and hand restraints … In this [excellent] webinar, co-sponsored by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice, presenters David Shapiro of the Campaign Against Indiscriminate Juvenile Shackling and George Yeannakis of the Washington State Office of Public Defense and NJJN member TeamChild, discussed the practical, policy, and constitutional reasons to reform uni... Read More
60 minutes
Document 029654
Veteran’s Treatment Courts-National Institute of Corrections
By Crawford, Greg; Fitzgerald, Melissa; Edelman, Bernard; Sipes, Leonard. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
"The program examined Veteran’s Courts, a component of the highly successful drug court concept. Veteran courts are growing rapidly throughout the United States with early indications of success."... Read More
30 minutes
Document 028019
Veterans Treatment Court Locations
Justice for Vets (Alexandria, VA).
This map shows the locations of veteran treatment courts throughout the United States.... Read More
Document 028046
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS SERIES: Strategies for Identifying Defendants Who Are Veterans for Potential Participation in Veterans Court Programs
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). Drug Court Clearinghouse/Technical Assistance Project (Washington, DC).
Are you looking for some ideas on how to identify potential participants for your veteran drug court? This this is a great place to start. “This FAQ presents a compilation of responses received from veterans court programs to the following question: (1) How do you identify defendants who are veterans and potentially eligible for your veterans court program? (2) Is there any systematic process that has been put in place to screen arrestees to identify those who are veterans?” Attachments to this ... Read More
23 pages
Document 027914
A Community Court Grows in Brooklyn: A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Red Hook Community Justice Center: Final Report
By Lee, Cynthia G.; Cheesman, Fred L.; Rottman, David B.; Swaner, Rachel; Lambson, Suvi; Rempel, Mike; Curtis, Ric. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg, VA).
This study examines the effectiveness of the Red Hook Community Justice Center (RHCJC) in tackling multiple problems that contribute to crime, public safety, and quality of life in the local community. This report has chapters covering: the theoretical foundations and study context; evaluation data and methods; planning RHCJC; organizational structure and staffing; community and youth programs—Housing Court and the Housing Resource Center, youth programs, community programs and public outreach, ... Read More
286 pages
Document 028027
York County Adult Probation Veterans Treatment Court
York County Adult Probation (York, PA).
This is a great website offering a lot of documents that may be helpful in setting up your own Veteran Treatment Court. “The Veterans Treatment Court [of York County] seeks to divert eligible veteran-defendants with substance dependency and/or mental illness that are charged with a criminal offense to a specialized criminal court docket. Veterans are identified through screening and assessments. The veterans voluntarily participate in a judicially supervised treatment plan that a team of court s... Read More
Document 026955
Developing a Mental Health Court: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this project is to make existing research and practices accessible while encouraging learners to ask the right questions at the right times and develop productive collaborations and programs that serve the needs of their communities. While the curriculum is presented as a comprehensive resource on how to plan and implement a mental health court, it is also designed to be easily adapted to supplement existing trainings, for new mental health court team members, or as a tune-up for te... Read More
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
26 pages
Document 027292
Local Youth Justice Websites: Peer Court, Student Court, Youth Court, Teen Court
By Peterson, Scott. Global Youth Justice, Inc. .
This website provides access to hundreds of youth court websites. Peer, Student, Youth, and Teen Courts are listed by state. It is an excellent resource if you are looking for other juvenile courts to contact for information related to courts your own agency may be thinking of developing.... Read More
Document 026727
Veteran Treatment Courts
Points of Light. Community Blueprint (Atlanta, GA).
'VTCs [veterans treatment courts] leverage the court system to keep veterans with a diagnosis of substance abuse or a behavioral health disorder in treatment long enough to permanently change their behavior. They involve cooperation and collaboration with traditional partners found in Drug Courts, such as prosecutors, defense counsel, treatment providers, probation officers, and law enforcement personnel' (p. 1). This publication has excellent information for any agency creating its own VTC. Sec... Read More
8 pages
Document 023758
Pretrial Risk Assessment in the Federal Court for the Purpose of Expanding the Use of Alternatives to Detention
By VanNostrand, Marie; Keebler, Gena. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Federal Detention Trustee (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL).
The identification of “federal criminal defendants who are most suited for pretrial release without jeopardizing the integrity of the judicial process or the safety of the community, in particular release predicated on participation in an alternatives to detention program” is investigated. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; population description; research objective one -- pretrial risk classification; research objective two -- risk levels, release and detention rates... Read More
53 p.
Document 023777
Arming the Courts with Research: 10 Evidence-Based Sentencing Initiatives to Control Crime and Reduce Costs
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
The use of cost-effective evidence-based practices to reduce offender recidivism, crime rates, and costs is explained. Strategies covered are: establish recidivism reductions as an explicit sentencing goal; provide sufficient flexibility to consider recidivism reduction options; base sentencing decisions on risk/needs assessment; require community corrections programs to be evidence-based; integrate services and sanctions; ensure courts know about available sentencing options; encourage swift a... Read More
6 p.
Document 024309
A National Portrait of Domestic Violence Courts
By Labriola, Melissa; Bradley, Sarah; O'Sullivan, Chris S.; Rempel, Michael; Moore, Samantha. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
This report should be required reading for anyone interested in or developing a domestic violence court. Eleven chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; review of relevant research; research design; domestic violence court goals; history, structure, and staffing; case processing laws and policies; victim safety and services; offender assessments and program mandates; supervision and court responses to noncompliance; additional insights from qualitative analysis; and conclusion and imp... Read More
161 p.
Document 012475
Prison Suicide: An Overview and Guide to Prevention
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This monograph presents a review of the literature and of national and state standards for prison suicide prevention, as well as national data on the incidence and rate of prison suicide, effective prevention programs, and discussion of liability issues. Topics also discussed include staff training, intake screening/assessment, housing, levels of supervision, intervention and administrative review. The document also examines the role of the courts in shaping prison suicide policy. ... Read More
108 p.
Document 000213
The Intermediate Sanctions Handbook: Experiences and Tools for Policymakers
By McGarry, Peggy, ed.; Carter, Madeline M., ed.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexandria, VA). Center for Effective Public Policy (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This handbook offers the collective expertise and experience of those who participated in the State Justice Institute and National Institute of Corrections' cosponsored training and technical assistance program, the Intermediate Sanctions Project. The handbook serves as a planning resource for the development of more effective systems of intermediate sanctions. Chapters containing exercises and discussion outlines address key steps in the intermediate sanctions process from getting started to ma... Read More
155 p.
Document 010041
Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the Large Jail Network, January 20-21, 1991, Denver, Colorado
By MacPhail, Carolyn. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
The conference opens with a presentation on legal issues, followed by panel and group discussions of internal and external crowding strategies, consent decrees, and new technologies.... Read More
28 p.
Document 005291
Potential Liabilities of Probation and Parole Officers
By del Carmen, Rolando V.; Axilbund, Melvin T.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Sam Houston State University, Criminal Justice Center (Huntsville, TX); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); South Carolina Dept. of Parole and Community Corrections, Staff Development and Training (Columbia, SC).
Contents: (Pt. 1) Main text -- (Pt. 2) Study guide. Six months are given to complete the course from the date of receipt. Audience includes all probation and parole agents and administrators. Training package consists of two manuals.... Read More
2 v. (v.1 - 202 p.)
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