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Browsing Documents Related to 'Crime Rate'

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Date Title Type
Document 029758
What Caused the Crime Decline?
By Roeder, Oliver; Eisen, Lauren-Brooke; Bowling, Julia; Clark, Veronica; Chettiar, Inimai. New York University. School of Law. Brennan Center for Justice (New York, NY).
This report "examines one of the nation’s least understood recent phenomena – the dramatic decline in crime nationwide over the past two decades – and analyzes various theories for why it occurred, by reviewing more than 40 years of data from all 50 states and the 50 largest cities. It concludes that over-harsh criminal justice policies, particularly increased incarceration, which rose even more dramatically over the same period, were not the main drivers of the crime decline. In fact, the repor... Read More
139 pages
Document 028303
Fewer Prisoners, Less Crime: A Tale of Three States
By Mauer, Marc; Ghandnoosh, Nazgol. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Although the pace of criminal justice reform has accelerated at both the federal and state levels in the past decade, current initiatives have had only a modest effect on the size of the prison population. But over this period, three states – New York, New Jersey, and California – have achieved prison population reductions in the range of 25%. They have also seen their crime rates generally decline at a faster pace than the national average" (p. 1). This brief describes how these outcomes were ... Read More
11 pages
Document 029547
Most States Cut Imprisonment and Crime
Pew Charitable Trusts (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent infographic showing how reductions in incarceration lead to decreases in crime. "Over the past five years, the majority of states have reduced their imprisonment rates while experiencing less crime. The relationship between incarceration and crime is complex, but states continue to show that it is possible to reduce both at the same time." A bar chart shows the change in imprisonment rate compared to the change in crime rate over the period of 2008 through 2013 for all 50 st... Read More
Document 028161
“Take My License n’ All That Jive, I Can’t See?…?35”: Little Hope for the Future Encourages Offending Over Time
By Piquero, Alex R..
The relationship between a youth's expectations of early death (fatalism) and criminal behavior is examined. In particular, this seven-year study "examined the determinates of anticipated early death, the extent to which anticipated early death distinguished between distinct patterns of offending, and the potential mediating linkages between anticipated early death and distinct offending styles" (p. 20). Sections of this article include: introduction-- prior research on anticipated early death, ... Read More
27 pages
Document 028043
States Cut Both Crime and Imprisonment
Pew Charitable Trusts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
This infographic is an excellent visual representation of the relationship between crime and incarceration. “Over the past five years, the majority of states reduced both crime and imprisonment rates. The relationship between crime and incarceration is complex, but states are showing that it is possible to reduce them at the same time.” At the same time the numbers show little impact of declining prison populations on crime rates.... Read More
1 page
Document 027516
Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012. Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigrat... Read More
10 pages
Document 025630
Environmental Scan 2011
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 6th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
40 pages
Document 020263
Correctional Statistics...In Your State
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
(Updated in 2008) Access to statistics about corrections in the U.S., according to each state, can be found at this website. Statistics (per 100,000) for each state include: crime rates; corrections population; incarceration rate; community corrections--probationers and parolees; cost per inmate; and general information about the state's jails, prisons, and community corrections. Also provided are at-a-glance graphs that compare the state's ranking against other states and the U.S. total.... Read More
1 p.
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