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Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2016

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This report is an outstanding resource for individuals needing or wanting a concise and easy way to get information about the number of people incarcerated in the United States, the type of correctional facility they are held in, and the crime they are being held for. It answers the questions of whether the United States has "1.4 million or more than 2 million people in prison? Are most people in state and federal prisons locked up for drug offenses? Frustrating questions like these abound because our systems of confinement are so fragmented and controlled by various entities. There is a lot of interesting and valuable research out there, but varying definitions make it hard — for both people new to criminal justice and for experienced policy wonks — to get the big picture. This report offers some much needed clarity by piecing together this country’s disparate systems of confinement. The American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 102 federal prisons, 942 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,283 local jails, and 79 Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, immigration detention facilities, civil commitment centers, and prisons in the U.S. territories. And [the authors] go deeper to provide further detail on why convicted and not convicted people are locked up in local jails." An excellent series of infographics show the distribution of individuals in state prisons, local jails, juvenile facilities, territorial prisons, immigration detention, civil commitment, Indian County jails, and military facilities. These figures are further separated by individuals incarcerated for public order, drug, property, or violent crimes, with juvenile facilities also showing the number of youth under status offenses and technical violations. Additional infographics show the impact of drug offenses on incarnations, the number of juveniles and the crimes they are locked up for, the detention of immigrants, civil commitment of sex offenders, racial and ethnic disparities, and gender disparities. The final pie chart shows that of the total individuals under correctional control 33% (2.3 million) are incarcerated, 55% (3.8 million) are on probation, and 12% (820,000) are on parole. The data was recent as of March 11, 2016.

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Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC)