"Home confinement or house arrest—with and without electronic monitoring (or EM)—is an intermediate community corrections program designed to restrict the activities of juvenile offenders in the community. Home confinement restricts juvenile offenders’ freedom by requiring them to remain at home during specified times: at all times, at all times except when in school or working, or at night—that is, curfews (Austin, Johnson, and Weitzer 2005). Juveniles’ activities are closely monitored (electronically and/or by frequent staff contacts) to ensure that they are complying with the conditions set by the court. The level of monitoring by supervisors varies case to case, but contacts are usually more frequent than regular probation (Austin et al. 2005)."