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Change Is Possible: A Case Study of Solitary Confinement Reform in Maine

The successful efforts of individuals to reduce the use of solitary confinement and to make the conditions found in solitary settings are described. Sections of this case study include: introduction; the origins of solitary confinement; the psychological effects of long-term isolation; before the reforms-solitary confinement in Maine; it does not have to be this way-the Maine reform example of what and how it happened; keys to success-honest assessment and organizing and cooperation; overcoming institutional inertia related to safety, alternatives, reform worth the effort, and whether advocated really understand the situation; the lessons of the Maine reform campaign-bring all the pieces together, the importance of leadership, and the judicious and timely application of pressure; and conclusion.