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Criminal: How Lockup Quotas and "Low-Crime Taxes" Guarantee Profits for Private Prison Corporations

“This report discusses the use of prison bed occupancy guarantee clauses in prison privatization contracts and explores how bed occupancy guarantees undermine criminal justice policy and democratic, accountable government.” Sections cover: why quotas (aka occupancy guarantee provisions, bed guarantee clauses) are important to the for-profit private prison company business model; the prevalence of quotas in contracts; and the impact of prison quotas on Colorado by contracts with Corrections Corporation of America(CCA), on Arizona by GEO Group and by Management and Training Corporation (MTC) contracts, and on Ohio by CCA and CiviGenics (now a part of Community Education Centers) contracts; and recommendations for governments to reject bed guarantee clauses. An appendix provides information about privatized correctional facilities in the United States-facility name, contracted company, location, customer, contract expiration date, and whether an occupancy guarantee exists.