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A Women's Typology of Pathways to Serious Crime With Custody and Treatment Implications

Criminal career patterns, social context and features, psychological factors, potential matches in prior pathways research, sub-types, and treatment goals are provided for the following types of women's pathways to crime:

  • "Type 1 - Quasi-Normal non-violent women with drug/alcohol issues";
  • "Type 2 - Lifelong Victims, many of whom have abusive partners, drug problems and depression";
  • "Type 3 - Socialized Subcultural Pathways, poor and marginalized but with low victimization and few mental health problems";
  • "Type 4 - Aggressive Antisocial, high risk/high need and victimized, mental health issues";
  • [and] women offenders not classified.