The Jail System
Texas has 252 jails in 254 counties. The jail population in 2019 was 69,610.
The Prison System
As of December 31, 2019, the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of Texas correctional authorities was 158,429 located in 61 state prisons and held in custody of private prisons or local jails. State operated facilities had a staff of 35,000 employees and a budget of $3,287,273,079.
The Community Corrections System
As of December 31, 2019, Texas's community corrections population was 367,753 under probation and 109,159 under parole.
The National Institute of Corrections depends on publicly available information to provide the information on this page.
The statistics for budgets, employee positions, and state prison facilities data come from state departments of corrections, other state reports and state agencies. If data is missing for a state, then we were unable to find that information.
The data on prison population and incarcerate rate come from the Prisoner in 2019 report released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The report includes the count of prisoners in the unified systems of Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
Violent and property crime rates are provided by the Federal Bureau of Investigations.
The number of counties per state comes from the United States Census Bureau.