For people involved in the criminal justice system, evidence-based practice (EBP) and treatments emphasize that assessment and programming should target criminal justice, criminogenic need, and other behavioral issues. The notion is that individual outcomes can be improved by assessing for a number of related and often overlapping dimensions such as offending (e.g. criminal history risk), needs (e.g. antisocial peers, antisocial cognitions, antisocial values/thinking) and behavioral health factors (e.g. substance use, mental health, trauma). This evidence-based practice is referred to as the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model (Andrews and Bonta, 2010; Caudy et al., 2013).