The process for determining adequate staffing for a jail facility, and make it defensible, is to conduct a staffing analysis on a facility by facility basis. There are simply too many variables such as physical plant design, level of security, level of programs and activities, state and local standard and statutes, etc. to recommend a specific officer to inmate ratio.
New York State Corrections and Community Supervision, 2020
Forman, Benjamin, and Michael Widmer, 2017
South Carolina Department of Corrections (SCDC), 2015
United States Government Accountability Office (GAO), 2012
Table 14: BOP Inmate to Total BOP Staff Ratios from Fiscal Years 1997 throough 2011 (pg.78).
Phelps, Michelle S., 2012
The article presents statistics on the inmate-to-staff ratios for inmate services staff (including teachers, counselors, doctors, etc.) between the years 1979 and 2005 for all 50 U.S. states.
Community Resource Services (CRS, 2014)
Document ID: 025880
Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA), 2010
Document ID: 02333
Stephen, James J., Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008
Camp, Camille, Patricia L. Hardyman, Robert May, and George Camp, National Institute of Corrections, 2008
Document ID: 022667
Liebert, Dennis, and Rod Miller, National Institute of Corrections, 2001
Document ID: 016827