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Texas 2017


The Jail System

Texas has 252 jails in 254 counties. The jail population in 2017 is unavailable.

The Prison System

As of December 31, 2017, the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of the State of  Texas correctional authorities was 162,203 located in 61 state prisons and held in custody of private prisons or local jails.  State operated facilities had a staff of 30,173 employees and budget of $3.4 billion.

The Community Corrections System

As of December 31, 2017, Texas's community corrections population was -- under probation and -- under parole.


The National Institute of Corrections depends on publicly available information to provide the information on this page.

The statistics for budgets, employee positions, and state prison facilities data comes from state departments of corrections (DOCs), other state reports and state agencies. If data is missing for a state, then we were unable to find that information.

The data on prison population and incarcerate rate come from the Prisoner in 2017 report released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). That report includes the count of prisoners in the unified systems of Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Violent and property crime rates are provided by the Federal Bureau of Investigations.

The number of counties per state comes from the United States Census Bureau.

Current jail population by state is unavailable. The most recent census was conducted by BJS in 2014.

Rates (Per 100K)

Incarceration Rate: 
Violent Crime Rate: 
Property Crime Rate: 


Prison Population: 


Number of State Prison Facilities: 
61 facilities
Number of Jail Facilities: 


Employee Positions: 
Prison Budget: 
$ 3,433,572,642