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California 2019

Year: 
2019

The Jail System

California has 114 jails in 58 counties. The jail population in 2019 was 82,460.

The Prison System

As of December 31, 2019, the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of the State of  California correctional authorities was 122,417 located in 33 state prisons and held in custody of private prisons or local jails.  California operated facilities had a staff of 60,000 employees and a budget of $12.1 billion.

The Community Corrections System

As of December 31, 2019, California community corrections population was 199,313 under probation and 107,139  under parole.

Methodology

The National Institute of Corrections depends on publicly available information to provide the information on this page.

The statistics for budgets, employee positions, and state prison facilities data come from state departments of corrections, other state reports and state agencies. If data is missing for a state, then we were unable to find that information.

The data on prison population and incarcerate rate come from the Prisoner in 2019 report released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The report includes the count of prisoners in the unified systems of Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Violent and property crime rates are provided by the Federal Bureau of Investigations.

The number of counties per state comes from the United States Census Bureau.

Current jail population by state is unavailable. The most recent census was conducted by BJS in 2014.

Rates (Per 100K)

Incarceration Rate: 
310
Violent Crime Rate: 
441
Property Crime Rate: 
2,331
Probationers: 
650
Parolees: 
349

Populations

Prison Population: 
122,417
Jail Population: 
82,460
Parole Population: 
107,139
Probation Population: 
199,313

Facilities

Number of State Prison Facilities: 
33 facilities
Number of Jail Facilities: 
114

Prisons

Employee Positions: 
60,000
Prison Budget: 
$12,100,000,000