"This guidebook provides correctional administrators with a brief, yet comprehensive and informative, view of cell phone forensic technologies. It reviews the evolving role of cell phone forensics in correctional institutions and presents issues to consider when acquiring and implementing these technologies. It also addresses the opportunities and challenges involved in selecting technologies and implementing them in correctional settings" (p. 8). Six chapters follow an executive summary: statement of the problem—reasons for the importance of cell phone forensics; what agencies need to know about cell phone forensics; technology; establishing a cell phone forensics capacity—assessing resource needs based on historical and projected data, funding needed for start-up and ongoing operations, issues related to procuring technology tools, software and hardware, photo documenting, staff resources required, training requirements, and physical site requirements; implementation—legal issues and case law, law enforcement coordination, prioritizing evidence to prevent backlogs, evidence collection and retention issues, importance of policies and procedures, and lessons learned and success stories; and conclusion.
The authors “focused particularly on the methods of concealment, as well as preventive strategies, including detection and proposed legislation, to minimize the harm of cell phone use by inmates” (p.1). The following sections are contained in this article: possession by prisoners; seriousness of the problem; concealment by inmates; detection by authorities; jamming and legal considerations; additional concerns; recommendations; and conclusion.
Access is provided to a great selection of case planning resources for corrections, probation, and parole staff. These job aids "are organized into specific areas: Case planning and case management--Descriptions of creating a behaviour or offense chain; An example decision grid to examine costs and benefits of crime versus prosocial behaviour. Risk assessment--An overview and summary of static and dynamic risk factors in order to understand risk assessment for different offender outcomes. Offender change – interactive journals/offender workbooks--Topics include motivation to change, anger management, criminal attitudes and associates, peers and relationships, and substance abuse; Created to provide intervention for low risk cases; Validation studies are ongoing regarding user satisfaction and impact on client outcomes."
"Cell phones, smuggled in by guards or family members and activated with hard-to-trace prepaid calling plans, are a lifeline for criminals and gang members to order hits, buy drugs and plan escape attempts from behind bars. Correction officials have identified the problem of cell phones in prisons as one of the toughest issues they face. The purpose of this project is to design, implement and test an effective system for the detection and localization of cellular phones in correctional facilities. The key purpose of the proposed effort is to mature the prototype Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) and signal strength detection for location system from laboratory to deployment in a correctional facility, and capable of detecting and locating cell phones in real time. Another key purpose is to explicitly use the known building floor plan in the algorithm that processes the received cell phone signals in to the likely location" (p. 10). Sections contained in this report are: introduction and background; hardware receiver system development; cell phone signal transmitter; signal processing and algorithm development; experiments and results; Tartarus—the resultant system of hardware and software; products; participants and other collaborating organizations; impact; changes and problems; budgetary information—system cost ranging from $10,000 to $25,000 depending on facility size; and conclusions and future work. The researchers "have developed a novel technique for locating cellphone use in an indoor environment. A hardware instrument and software package that implements the technique has been developed. A data base containing representative cell phone signals for indoor environments has been established" (p. 68).
Anyone dealing with the challenges associated with cell phone use by inmates should be aware of this project. “The purpose of the proposed technology development and evaluation effort is to design, implement and test an effective system for the detection and localization of cellular phones in correctional facilities. Correction officials have identified the problem of cell phones in prisons as one of the toughest issues they face. The phones, smuggled in by guards or family members and activated with hard-to-trace prepaid calling plans, are a lifeline for criminals and gang members to order hits, buy drugs and plan escape attempts from behind bars. We are developing a prototype Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) emitter detection and location system, and ultimately will demonstrate the system at Lawrenceville Correctional Center. The demonstrated system will be capable of detecting and locating cell phones in real time” (p. 2).