Three facilities varying in size and region were audited to measure the state of the art in podular direct-supervision jails, to test how well direct supervision is performing, and to point out its strengths and challenges. Staff and inmates in facilities in Minnesota, Florida, and Massachusetts were surveyed on issues such as safety and security, effective supervision of inmates, classification, staffing and training, and design and environment.
Findings are presented in detail by facility. Floor plans are included for all units.
This guide provides jail administrators the necessary information they need to effectively perform their jobs. Chapters comprising this publication are: introduction; the jail administrator’s leadership role; recruiting, hiring, and promoting staff; training staff; supervising staff; determining the number of inmates one officer can supervise effectively; rotating housing unit staff assignments; ensuring that officers interact with inmates; addressing the isolation of the housing unit officer; decisionmaking using the principles of direct supervision; assessing direct supervision operations and outcomes; annotated principles of direct supervision; and strategies for managing a direct supervision housing unit.
This video is an excellent introduction to the use of podular direct supervision. Topics discussed include: the three types of jails in the United States—linear intermittent surveillance, podular remote surveillance, and podular direct supervision; the eight key principles of direct supervision; seven key direct supervision strategies; the housing unit officer; and education and activities. "Podular direct supervision is a proven, viable, and economical alternative to more traditional methods." Scott County Jail is highlighted in this program.
The National Institute of Corrections’ Jails Division has developed two new programs: "Making Direct Supervision Work: The Role of the Housing-Unit Officer", and "Making Direct Supervision Work: The Role of the First-Line Supervisor". The programs are designed primarily for agencies preparing to move from a traditional jail into a new direct supervision jail. However, they also can be used to train newly-hired officers or newly-promoted supervisors in direct supervision jails already in operation.
The set of computer disks include: the curricula for housing officers and that for supervisors (comprising of Trainer's Guide/Facilitator's Guide, Participant Manual, Handouts, Slides, Detailed Trainer Agenda, and Sample Participant Agenda); PowerPoint presentations for both versions with embedded videos; the video vignettes separately and Jails in America.
Please note, NIC intends for this curricula to be deployed as designed in its entirety. Alterations and deviations from the curricula cannot be supported.
Photo credit: the Scott County Sheriff's Office, Minnesota
The "necessary information, instruction, and tools to conduct self-audits that will indicate how well the concepts and principles of direct supervision are being implemented" are provided (p. 1.1). Sections comprising this manual are: introduction; the annotated principles of direct supervision; table -- measurable elements of direct supervision; instruction sheets; administrator/management/supervisory questionnaire; officer questionnaire; inmate questionnaire; document review questionnaire and facility checklist; tallying; and compiling results.