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Inmate sexual assault

This Overview Workshop covers PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) in juvenile justice settings. Participants will be able to: recognize signs and symptoms of potential sexual abuse and assault in juveniles under their care; articulate the "dos" and "don'ts" related to working with juvenile victims of sexual abuse and assault; and analyze a scenario and decide upon an effective and appropriate course of action related to recognizing and addressing sexual abuse, assault, prevention, and intervention in their work setting.

Recognizing and Addressing Sexual Abuse, Assault Prevention and Intervention Issues In Your Juvenile Justice Setting: A Companion Workshop to the Overview of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) [Participant's Manual] Cover

“This guide is designed to assist administrators of prisons, jails, and community confinement facilities in drafting or revising protocols for an immediate response to reports of sexual assault. Sexual assault is a persistent problem in correctional environments with life-altering consequences for victims as well as for the integrity of correctional institutions and the fundamental principles of justice. The U.S. Department of Justice’s “National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Prison Rape” [NIC accession no. 027282] set minimum requirements for correctional facilities to increase their overall capacity to address the problem of sexual assault. This guide is intended to help these facilities comply with the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards, which require correctional agencies to (1) follow a uniform evidence protocol when responding to sexual assault, which as appropriate is based on the U.S. Department of Justice’s A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents … and (2) coordinate responses to sexual assault among involved professionals” (p. 5). Sections comprising this document are: recommendations at a glance; introduction to the guide; a primer on corrections-based sexual assault; overview of the sexual assault medical forensic examination for victims in correctional facilities; and recommendations for victim-centered care and for promoting a coordinated team approach. Appendixes include: issues and recommendations for lockups; issues and recommendations for juvenile detention facilities; possible roles of core responders; and “An Assessment Tool for Corrections Administrators Drafting/Revising Protocols for an Immediate Response to Sexual Assault.”

Recommendations for Administrators of Prisons, Jails, and Community Confinement Facilities for Adapting the U.S. Department of Justice’s “A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations, Adults/Adolescents” Cover

“This Report presents the findings of the Review Panel on Prison Rape (Panel) related to the hearings it held in Washington, DC, in the spring and fall of 2011. Based on the national survey that the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) published in August 2010, Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails, Reported by Inmates, 2008-09, the Panel’s hearings focused on the experiences of selected correctional institutions that had either a high or low prevalence of inmate sexual victimization. The Panel’s goal in issuing this Report is to assist correctional practitioners by identifying common themes and making recommendations for further research that will lead to effective practices that prevent sexual victimization in prisons and jails” (p. 1). Sections contained in this report are: overview; review of facilities—low-incidence, high-incidence, common themes, and topics for further study for prions and for jails; and conclusion.

Report on Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Cover

Covering the calendar year 2005, this third annual report to Congress summarizes the activities of the Office of Justice Programs (i.e., the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the Bureau of Justice Assistance) and the National Institute of Corrections to curtail prison rape. In addition to an introduction and background, this report reviews activities and accomplishments for the: Office of Justice Programs (OJP); National Institute of Justice (NIJ) -- legislative mandate, research awards, and requests for proposals (RFPs); Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) -- legislative mandate, expert panel meetings, administrative survey collections, victim self-report survey collections, coordination efforts, and PREA-related publications; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) -- legislative mandate, awarding of Protecting Inmates and Safeguarding Communities Program Grants; and National Institute of Corrections (NIC) -- legislative mandate, classroom training, regional workshops for executive leadership, professional conferences, videoconference, informational video, technical assistance, and national clearinghouse.

Report to the Congress of the United States on the Activities of the Department of Justice in Relation to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (Public Law 108-79) Cover

Covering the calendar year 2006, this fourth annual report to Congress summarizes the activities of the Office of Justice Programs and the National Institute of Corrections to curtail prison rape. In addition to an introduction and background, this report reviews activities and accomplishments for the: Office of Justice Programs (OJP); National Institute of Justice (NIJ) -- legislative mandate, research awards and activities, and PREA research reports; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) -- legislative mandate, expert panel meetings, administrative survey collections, victim self-report survey collections, coordination efforts, and PREA-related publications; Review Panel on Prison Rape—legislative mandate and information gathering; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) -- legislative mandate, awarding of Protecting Inmates and Safeguarding Communities Program Grants, and other assistance (BJA Award Summaries); and National Institute of Corrections (NIC) -- legislative mandate, classroom training, training development, professional conferences, videoconference, informational videos, technical assistance, other assistance activities, evaluation, and national clearinghouse. Appendixes include: BJA FY 2006 Protecting Inmates and Safeguarding Communities Project Summaries; NIC/WCL (Washing College of Law) Project on Addressing Prison Rape—Sample Action Plans; and PREA Training for Trainers—Training Plan Progress Summaries.

Report to the Congress of the United States on the Activities of the Department of Justice in Relation to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (Public Law 108-79) Cover

Covering the period from October to December 2004, this second report to Congress summarizes the activities of the Office of Justice Programs (i.e., the National Institute of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the Bureau of Justice Assistance) and the National Institute of Corrections to curtail prison rape. In addition to an introduction and background, this report reviews activities and accomplishments for the: Office of Justice Programs (OJP); National Institute of Justice (NIJ) -- legislative mandate, research on sexual violence in corrections and the protection of human subjects, research awards, and requests for proposals (RFPs); Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) -- legislative mandate and administrative survey collections; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) -- legislative mandate and awarding of Protecting Inmates and Safeguarding Communities Program Grants; and National Institute of Corrections (NIC) -- legislative mandate, training and education, regional workshops for executive leadership, informational video, NIC videoconference, continued distribution of “Video Tool Kit 1: Facing Prison Rape,” agency/staff focus groups, technical assistance, and national clearinghouse.

Report to the Congress of the United States on the Activities of the Department of Justice in Relation to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (Public Law 108-79) Cover

Covering the calendar year 2007, this fifth annual report to Congress summarizes the activities of the Office of Justice Programs and the National Institute of Corrections to curtail prison rape. In addition to an introduction and background, this report reviews activities and accomplishments for the: Office of Justice Programs (OJP); National Institute of Justice (NIJ) -- legislative mandate and research awards and activities; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) -- legislative mandate, expert panel meetings, administrative survey collections, victim self-report survey collections, coordination efforts, and PREA-related publications; Review Panel on Prison Rape—legislative mandate and information gathering; Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) -- legislative mandate, grant accomplishments, and other assistance activities; and National Institute of Corrections (NIC) -- legislative mandate, classroom training, Web chats, professional conferences, informational videos, technical assistance, other assistance activities, additional work, evaluation, and national clearinghouse. Appendixes include: NIC/WCL (Washington College of Law) Newsletter; PREA statewide probation and parole direction; and a summary of the health care subject matter experts meeting.

Report to the Congress of the United States on the Activities of the Department of Justice in Relation to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (Public Law 108-79) Cover

The Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Men, Women, and Gender Nonconforming Populations curriculum covers the national Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards and implications for preventing and addressing sexual abuse of of men, women, and gender nonconforming inmates.

Following are the goals of the training:

  • Review the applicable PREA standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact.
  • Review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women, and gender nonconforming populations. Identify the components of human sexuality and institutional culture and their impact on sexual abuse of inmates.
  • Discuss immediate and long-term medical and mental health care needs of inmate victims of sexual abuse.
  • Identify legal, investigative, and other implications of responding to custodial sexual abuse.
Training Curriculum: Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations Cover

This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of boys, girls and gender non-conforming youth who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for boys, girls and gender non-conforming youth; (3) identify the components of adolescent development and sexuality and understand their impact on sexual abuse of youth; (4) discuss immediate and long-term medical and mental health care needs of youthful victims of sexual abuse; and (5) identify legal, investigative and other implications and strategies of responding to custodial sexual abuse … NOTE: BJA is currently undergoing a comprehensive review of this curriculum for official approval. Use of this curriculum, either in part or in whole, does not guarantee that an auditor will find a facility “meets standards” in regards to compliance. Modules comprising this training program are: Training Objectives; The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003; Vectors of Sexual Abuse in Custody-- Gender, Sexuality, and Victimization; Adolescent Development; Adolescent Sexuality; Impact of Culture-- Agency and Youth; Gender, Victimization and Vulnerable Youth; State Criminal Laws; Policy; Medical and Mental Health of Victims in Custody; Operational Practices; Gender Implications for Investigations; Human Resources and the Impact of Gender; and Legal Liability and Gender. In addition to an Instructor's Guide are a Pre-training Checklist, a PowerPoint presentations and handouts (if available) for each module.

Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Boys, Girls and Gender Non-Conforming Youth Cover

"This Report presents the findings of the Review Panel on Prison Rape (Panel), along with its recommendations, that are the result of its 2014 hearings in Washington, District of Columbia, based on two national surveys of correctional facilities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS): Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011-12 (May 2013) and Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, 2012 (June 2013) … Consistent with the Panel’s prior reports, the Panel identified institutional practices that either prevent the sexual victimization of inmates and juveniles or place them at risk. To assist the reader in quickly comparing the factors associated with high- and low-incidence prisons, jails, and juvenile correctional facilities, the Panel prepared three tables that summarize this information" (p. v-vi). 

Review Panel on Prison Rape Report on Sexual Victimization in Prisons, Jails, and Juvenile Correctional Facilities, April 2016 Cover

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