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Jails

"[A]reas in which jails tend to be deficient, suggesting the need for new or revised forms of NIC assistance" are identified (p.2). Issues examined include: age of facilities; accreditation; compliance with policy and procedure standards; adequacy of policy and procedure manuals; adequacy of staffing; staff turnover; compliance with staffing standards; compliance with staff training standards; exceeding capacity; coordinating councils; pretrial services programs; availability of specific pretrial services; use of jail alternatives; compliance classification standards; objective jail classification; housing configurations; compliance with security standards; adequacy of security capabilities; compliance with documentation standards; quality of documentation; use of automated jail management systems; data exchange with other criminal justice agencies; Internet access; funding authority relations; compliance with standards concerning fire codes; compliance with work site safety standards; compliance with health and sanitation standards; and cleanliness and sanitation.

Issues in Jail Operations Cover

“This guide helps readers better understand the variables applied in jail capacity forecasting, provides more detail about the development of the jail snapshot (a jail assessment) and case-processing study (an analysis of adjudication decisions and timelines), and offers a framework for assessing key population management strategies across the system” (p. viii). Seven chapters comprise this publication: getting started; system assessment—jail population management strategies; the jail snapshot; case-processing study; jail capacity planning overview; the jai l capacity forecast—a county example; and planning for one empty bed.

Jail Capacity Planning Guide: A Systems Approach Cover

Steps involved in developing an understanding of jail population dynamics and factors behind jail crowding are delineated. Sections of this report include: executive summary; how can factors behind jail crowding be identified?; key questions to ask in order to understand jail population dynamics; trends that are driving jail population growth; how to forecast future needs; benefits and elements of an effective analytic process; and elements of the analytic process. Appendixes include: "Preventing Jail Crowding: A Practical Guide" by Robert C. Cushman; jail survey form; data sources; proposed work plan for criminal justice analysts; and items to be included in the agency database.

Jail Crowding:  Understanding Jail Population Dynamics Cover

The Constitution protects inmates in jails and prisons, and this paper discusses the continuing challenge of deciding what those protections mean in practice and the struggle to assure that inmate rights are met. "Condition cases" have resulted in courts reducing jail populations and have a great impact on facility design and operation and the cost of operating a jail. Legal issues whose impact are primarily operational are also highlighted. The title: Jails and the Constitution: An Overview (#022570) supersedes this title.

Jail Design and Operation and the Constitution: An Overview cover

This guide “discusses current correctional standards and architectural principles that are important to building a cost-efficient jail to meet a locality’s particular needs” (p. xix). It will be highly useful for anyone involved in the planning, design, and construction of a new jail. Chapters are divided into four parts - getting started, major design considerations, functional components, and special considerations – and include: introduction; predesign planning; site selection and design; image and appearance; classification and separation; surveillance and supervision; staffing impact; security perimeter; criminal justice interface; functional components and relationships; planning and designing to standards; expansion; master control; intake-release; general housing; special housing; health care; visiting areas; exercise areas; programs and services; inmate commissary; food service; laundry areas; administration and public areas; staff areas; storage areas; single versus multiple occupancy; renovating nonsecure buildings into jails; construction and project costs; and making a building work.

Jail Design Guide Cover

Addresses architectural design as it relates to functional components of the jail, discusses overall design considerations, and reviews pre-design planning, renovation, construction costs, and facility transition.

Jail Design Guide: A Resource for Small and Medium-Sized Jails cover

"In 2014, the nationwide jail incarceration rate of 326 per 100,000 county residents exceeded the highest county rates registered in the 1970s, which rarely exceeded 300 per 100,000. Scroll the time slider or click the "Select data"; button to navigate the data"; Interactive charts for U.S. counties or states show the size of jails today; disparate impacts on race; disparate impacts on gender; decades of jail growth; and jail and prison population. There is also a link to the full report from which these charts are taken"; In Our Own Backyard: Confronting Growth and Disparities in American Jails" (December 2015) by Ram Subramanian, Christian Henrichson, and Jacob Kang-Brown.

Jail Incarceration Trends Cover

This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2013, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. It also provides estimates of year-to-year changes between midyear 2000 and midyear 2013 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. More detailed breakouts by jurisdiction size track changes between 2012 and 2013 in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate. The report examines the effect of California's Public Safety Realignment on state-level and national estimates of the confined jail population. Estimates and standard errors are based on data collected from the Annual Survey of Jails." Highlights include: the jail population is significantly lower by midyear 2013 (731,208) following a peak in the number of inmates confined in county and city jails at midyear 2008 (785,533); the number of female inmates increased 10.9% (10,000 inmates) between midyear 2010 and 2013, while the male population declined 4.2% (down 27,500 inmates) with males making up 86% of the jail; and the total jail population is comprises of 47% whites, 36% Blacks, and 15% Hispanics.

Jail Inmates at Midyear 2013 – Statistical Tables Cover

This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2014 by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. This report provides estimates of year-to-year changes from midyear 2000 to midyear 2014 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on changes in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate between 2013 and 2014. Estimates and standard errors are based on data collected from the Annual Survey of Jails. Highlights [include]: The number of inmates confined in county and city jails was an estimated 744,600 at midyear 2014, which was significantly lower than the peak of 785,500 inmates at midyear 2008; The jail incarceration rate decreased from a peak of 259 per 100,000 in 2007 to 234 per 100,000 at midyear 2014; The female inmate population increased 18.1% between midyear 2010 and 2014, while the male population declined 3.2%; White inmates accounted for 47% of the total jail population, blacks represented 35%, and Hispanics represented 15%; About 4,200 juveniles age 17 or younger were held in local jails at midyear 2014. They accounted for 0.6% of the confined population, down from 1.2% at midyear 2000.

Jail Inmates At Midyear 2014 cover

This publication should be the first that elected officials and other policymakers turn to when developing jail facilities--either a new jail or expansion of an existing jail. All the participants’ roles, decisions they make, and the documents resulting from the process are covered. Sections of this manual explain: what the facility development process is; who the participants in the decision are; what types of decisions must be made; how much time and money are spent on each phase; and the nine phases with their respective tasks and track activities. A facility development process flowchart is also included.

Jail Planning and Expansion: Local Officials and Their Roles cover

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