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Juvenile justice

"This webinar will begin by reviewing research describing the prevalence of mental health disorders among juveniles in contact with the juvenile justice system. The importance of recognizing adverse childhood experiences and trauma is discussed, as is the challenge of identifying and responding to features of “developmental trauma” since there is not an adequate DSM-IV or DSM-5 diagnosis to capture this clinical presentation. Evidence-based and emerging clinical interventions are described. The webinar will focus on adapting Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) to fit the needs of the juvenile justice population. In 2006, the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services designated DBT as the primary clinical and behavioral approach for the rehabilitation of youth committed to the Department. Discussion will focus on implementing DBT across a state-wide system and maintaining fidelity to the model. How DBT concepts can be used in providing treatment (teaching self-regulation and interpersonal effective skills) and in behavior management in the program (positive based programming and decreasing room confinement) will be described."

CJCA Webinar: Mental Health Needs Among Youth Involved in Juvenile Justice cover

The author looks at how the intake process can be made fair for low-income children. His approach “would represent a middle ground between what often happens during the intake evaluation in juvenile court—namely that cases lacking a factual basis are approved for filing—and the practice in adult criminal court, where the defendant’s needs are never a factor in the analysis of whether a criminal complaint should issue” (p. 24). Sections following an abstract are: introduction; what is at stake; procedural rights of juveniles at intake—the right to counsel, and the right to pre-intake warnings; what can go wrong during the intake process; reasons not to have counsel at intake; proposals for intake reform; and conclusion.

Closing the Widening Net: The Rights of Juveniles at Intake Cover

Effective mental health treatments which have undergone testing in both controlled research trials and real-world settings are available for a wide range of diagnosed mental health disorders. The Collection 6th Edition is designed to encourage use of these treatments by professionals providing mental health treatments. The Collection 6th Edition is also designed to inform parents, caregivers, and other stakeholders by providing general information about the various disorders and problems affecting children and adolescents.

Collection of Evidence-based Practices Cover

Access is provided to an alphabetized collection of sample forms related to juvenile corrections. These forms range from "Allegation of Abuse Worksheet" to "Critical Incident Report", "MAYSI- and SIRS-R Decision Tree and Quick Reference Sheet", "Parole Supervision Grid", "Religious Diet", "Transgender & Intersex Search Procedure Training", "What You Should Know about Sexual Abuse Brochure".

Colorado of Department of Human Services Youth Services Forms cover

"One of the most important elements in any service delivery system is the identification of needs, risks and strengths of children, youth and families. The accurate screening and assessment of these individuals and family systems are necessary to develop appropriate, individualized service packages. The use of valid screening and assessment tools will assure that safety risks (either to the public or the youth) are identified accurately and appropriate interventions are implemented, that urgent needs are recognized and dealt with quickly, and that services provided will likely result in positive outcomes … Specifically, the decision to include each instrument is based on the following: 1) The instrument must be directly related to behavioral health, trauma and/or risk classification; and 2) The instrument must be age and developmentally appropriate; and 3) The instrument must be quantitative; and 4) The instrument must be researched-based; and 5) The instrument must have empirical evidence that supports its utility. All screening and assessment instruments in this reference guide have acceptable reliability and validity data associated with them and all have, to some degree, been independently evaluated" (p. 4). There are 12 juvenile screening instruments and 11 juvenile assessment instruments described. Information provided for each instrument is: a brief description of the instrument; the Colorado agency using it; the juvenile population being targeted; the instrument's purpose; when the instrument is administered; the decisions that can be made using the instrument; skills needed by those who give the assessment or screening; training required by this person; cost; and contact information with website (if available).

Colorado Reference Guide: Juvenile Screening and Assessment Instruments: Behavioral Health, Trauma, and Risk/Classification Cover

This report is for anyone interested in the challenges associated with incarcerated youth. The Justice Policy Institute “discovered that adjusting funding schemes was just one of many successful strategies for juvenile confinement reform and, in fact, there are many states that have significantly reduced their juvenile confined populations without fiscal reform. States have initiated top-down policy changes, requiring police and courts to treat juveniles differently, resulting in fewer youth confined. Others have simply closed their state’s juvenile correctional facilities, forcing judges to adopt less restrictive responses to juvenile delinquency. What follows is a critical analysis of those elements that appeared to contribute to the greatest reductions in rates of confinement over the past decade” (p. 3). Sections of this report include: introduction; measuring reform—focus on juvenile confinement; the national perspective in confinement, 2001 to 2010; common elements among states that were the “top performers”; brief data analysis of these five states—Connecticut, Tennessee, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Arizona; and recommendations.

› Common Ground: Lessons Learned from Five States that Reduced Juvenile Confinement by More than Half Cover

In this paper, [the authors] propose a different kind of criminal justice for young men and women. We propose new institutional methods and processes for young adult justice, for those ages 18 to 24, that can meet the realities of life for today’s disadvantaged youth involved in crime and the criminal justice system. What we envision seek to extend the reach of the juvenile court while also using it as a basis for a new system that reflects a modern understanding of the transition into adulthood. Our central recommendation is that the age of juvenile court jurisdiction be raised to at least 21 years old with additional, gradually diminishing protections for young adults up to age 24 or 25 (p. 2-3).

"A longstanding and growing body of research shows that pre-trial detention and post-adjudication incarceration for youth can have extremely negative ramifications for the youth’s ability to get back on the right track. Youth prisons and detention facilities have been shown to be dangerous, ineffective, and unnecessary. Community-based supervision programs for youth both cost less than confinement and provide increased rehabilitative benefits for youth. This brief tip sheet will describe a few fundamental characteristics of community-based supervision programs and will summarize their average costs" (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: introduction to community-based supervision programs for youth; benefits of these programs; selected key components for youth supervised programs; six program examples; cost of youth incarceration; cost of community-based supervision programs—if only 50% of the juveniles detained during 2011 in the U.S. were supervised in the community for nine months, almost 50% of costs (or $333,000) would have been saved; and conclusion.

› Community-Based Supervision: Increased Public Safety, Decreased Expenditures Cover

This 7-page fact sheet delineates the path from complex trauma exposure to involvement in the juvenile justice system; describes the “survival-oriented coping” that youth adopt to manage their lives; and explores the many challenges these youth face in managing their emotions, physical responses, and impulses.

This is the key resource for current information about the commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States. This report is divided into three parts: "Part I: Understanding Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States"—introduction, the nature and extent, risk factors and consequences, and legal framework; "Part II: Current and Emerging Strategies"—the legal system, victim and support services, health and health care, the education sector, the commercial sector, and multisector and interagency collaboration; and "Part III: Recommendations"—overall conclusions and recommendations. "The report finds that, even with law enforcement, policymakers, and media focusing increasingly on sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children, the U.S. is in the very early stages of recognizing, understanding, and developing solutions for these problems. Further, the report demonstrates that no one sector, discipline, or area of practice can fully understand or respond effectively to the complex problems surrounding commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors. Therefore, participation from and cooperation among numerous individuals and entities—including victim and support service providers, health and mental health care providers, legislators, law enforcement personnel, prosecutors, public defenders, educators, and the commercial sector—is required." Appendixes include: "Disentangling the Language of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States"; and "Lessons Learned from International Efforts to Respond to Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors". This website provides access to the full report, Report Brief, Myths and Facts, an infographic "How We Are Preventing, Identifying, and Responding Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the U.S.?", and the related video.

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States Cover


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