This resource presents a concrete list of dos and don’ts that policymakers and justice system leaders can use to guide policy and practice changes focused on young adults in the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems. Informed by both research and practice, the list outlines supervision and service strategies that states and localities should and should not implement in order to use resources more efficiently to improve outcomes for young adults in the justice system.
“The objective of this review is to systematically review quasi-experimental and experimental (RCT) evaluations of the effectiveness of drug courts in reducing recidivism, including drug courts for juvenile and DWI offenders. This systematic review critically assesses drug courts’ effects on recidivism in the short- and long-term, the methodological soundness of the existing evidence, and the relationship between drug court features and effectiveness” (p. 6). Results are provided for: a description of eligible studies; overall mean effects by type of drug court; robustness of findings to methodological weaknesses; drug courts’ long-term effects; features of the drug court; and additional sensitivity analysis. Overall, research shows that adult drug courts are effective in reducing recidivism, DWI drug courts moderately successful, and juvenile drug courts having small impact.
While this publication’s title would lead you to believe it is specifically for those with technical assistance from the Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice, the workbook is designed “to provide practical guidance for state and local jurisdictions in their endeavor to improve the outcomes for dual status youth and families and to enhance system performance among the critical youth- and family-serving agency partners … [and] serves as an accompaniment to the newly revised Guidebook for Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration: A Framework for Improved Outcomes [NIC accession no. 028039]” (p. 1). The initiative process is comprised of four phases: Phase 1—Mobilization and Advocacy; Phase 2—Study and Analysis; Phase 3—Action Strategy; and Stage 4—Implementation. Appendixes provide a wide range of associated material including: Participants by Role; Recommended Infrastructure; Sample Kickoff Invitation; Practice Development Template; Sample Kickoff Agenda; Monthly Progress Report Template; Missions and Mandates Template; Law and Policy Inventory and Analysis Template; County Case Flow Process Mapping; Screening and Assessment Inventory Example; Resource Inventory Example; Santa Clara County MOU (Memorandum of Understanding); and the Outagamie Logic Model.
Three distinct time periods frame the juvenile justice process: before, during, and after incarceration. This article focuses on services and supports at each of these critical stages, specifically regarding employability skills. These skills, although supportive of, are different than vocational skills. Beyond specific trade skills, employability skills include at a minimum: effective communication, problem solving, taking responsibility, and teamwork. These skills are important in many areas in addition to employment, but they are perhaps most essential to obtain and hold a job. Thus, in this article, the psychological damage of youth incarceration is examined as well as the impact on obtaining and maintaining employment post incarceration. Existing programs and supports for employability skills are explored for before, during, and after incarceration. Finally, resources for practitioners are provided and the needs for future research are discussed (p. 42). Sections of this article include: introduction; the importance of employability skills; psychological damage; trauma-informed care; employment post incarceration; conceptual framework—life course theory; instructional programs targeting competencies for employability skills—before incarceration (examples of employability skills programs, and missed opportunities), during incarceration (examples of employability skills programs, and unmet need), and after incarceration (examples of employability skills programs, and remaining needs); the necessity of further research and development—resources for practitioners, future research, programs and practices, desistance or recidivism, and community-based alternatives; and conclusion.
EZAJCS was developed to facilitate independent analysis of national estimates of delinquency cases processed by the nation's juvenile courts. With this application, users can perform unique analyses on the age, sex, and race of juveniles involved in these cases as well as the referral offense, the use of detention, adjudication and case disposition. Users can also view pre-formatted tables describing the demographic characteristics of youth involved in the juvenile justice system and how juvenile courts process these cases.
EZAPOP provides access to National, State, and County level population data detailed by age, sex, race, and ethnicity. Users can create detailed population profiles for a single jurisdiction or create State Comparison or County Comparison tables.
EZACO gives users quick access to State and county juvenile court case counts for delinquency, status offense, and dependency cases.
Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (EZACJRP) was developed to facilitate independent analysis of national data on the characteristics of youth held in residential placement facilities, including detailed information about the youth's age, sex, race/ethnicity, placement status, length of stay, and most serious offense. Crosstabs provide access to national statistics, U.S. and state profiles, state comparisons, methods, glossary, and about EZACJRP.
The need for and process of retraining in an organization are discussed during this 3-hour workshop. Topics covered include: what does retraining look like in your organization?; benefits of refresher/in-service training; philosophy of adult education and its application to retraining; addressing four basic questions adults bring to training; and development of individual commitment statements.
This paper will discuss recidivism among juveniles, primarily aged 12-18 years old, and evaluate which methods best prevent recidivism.