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Legal issues

Legal issues that impact jails are covered. Topics covered include: basics of the civil litigation process and jail liability reduction strategies; supervisor liability; Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) and "the sincerity test"; searches; the Affordable Care Act (ACA); national origin discrimination as applied to "limited-English proficient" (LEP) inmates; use of force; Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA); duty to protect; Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) sample training topics; and legal issues pertaining to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) inmates.

Legal Issues in Jails—2014 Cover

“Persons convicted of crime are subject to a wide variety of legal and regulatory sanctions and restrictions in addition to the sentence imposed by the court. These so- called “collateral consequences” of conviction have been promulgated with little coordination in disparate sections of state and federal codes, which makes it difficult for anyone to identify all of the penalties and disabilities that are triggered by conviction of a particular offense … Through the National Inventory, each jurisdiction’s collateral consequences will be made accessible to the public through a website that can be searched and sorted by categories and keywords. The website will make it possible for criminal and civil lawyers to determine which collateral consequences are triggered by particular categories of offenses, for affected individuals to understand the limits on their rights and opportunities, and for lawmakers and policy advocates to understand the full measure of a jurisdiction’s sanctions and disqualifications. It will also be possible through the website to perform inter-jurisdictional comparisons and national analyses.” Points of entry include: project description; User Guide Frequently Asked Questions; links to a bibliography and additional resources; and contact information.

National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction Cover

Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; Report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics by Allen Beck; Discussion: PREA in Local Jails; Statistical Analysis: Crowding, Life Safety, and Managing Staff by Patrick Jablonski and Scott Bradsteet; Succession Planning: Executives and Middle Management by Gordon Bass, Dennis Williams, and Richard Geaither; Is There a Proper Place for Tasers in the Use of Force Continuum? by John Clark, William Collins, and Don Leach; Discussion: Use of Tasers; Emergency Preparedness by Rick Ferry; Legal Issues Update by Bill Collins; Discussion: Legal Issues; Topics for Next Meeting by Marilyn Chandler Ford and Richard Geaither; meeting agenda; and list of meeting attendees.

Proceedings of the Large Cover

Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; "The Future of Jail Legislation, Resources, and Funding by Michael Thompson; "Legislation, Resources, and Funding: A Perspective From Our Professional Associations" by Stephen Ingley, Jim Gondles, and Tom Faust; open forum discussion with professional associations' representatives; "Handling Legislation and Dealing Effectively with Funding Authorities" by Calvin Lightfoot and Thompson; "The Role of Professional Standards and Internal Affairs" by Dennis Williams and Ralph Green; open forum -- jail issues for discussion; "The LJN Online and the NIC Web Site" by Tracey Vessels and Connie Clem; "Legal Issues Update" by William Collins; "Topics for the Next Large Jail Network Meeting" by Richard Geaither; meeting agenda; participant list; and "Links to Potential Federal Funding Sources and Internet Resources."

Proceedings of Cover

Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; Domestic Preparedness and the Impact on Large Jails by Sue Menser; meeting participants discussion of issues; Role of the Jail in Public Health Policy by Don Leach; MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Areus by Dennis Williams; response by jail and public health officials to contagious disease emergencies; National Sheriffs Association: Weapons of Mass Destruction Initiative: Jail Evacuation Planning and Implementation by Mike Jackson and Joseph Oxley; Legal Issues in Jails2004" by Bill Collins; Topics for the Next Large Jail Network Meeting by Richard Geaither; meeting agenda; and meeting participants list.

Proceedings of Cover

This meeting focused primarily on topics related to the role of the jail in the local criminal justice system. Contents include: meeting highlights; justice system coordination and cooperation -- how the jail benefits and the system is improved; criminal justice coordination and cooperation; issues in defining and re-defining the jail's mission; role of the jail in contributing to the efficiency of the local criminal justice system; community oriented policing; roundtable discussion of implications for large jails of the presentations made; legal issues update; and future meeting topics. Appendixes include materials referred to in the meeting summary, meeting agenda, and meeting participants.

Proceedings of Cover

The primary focus of this meeting was data collection and the management information system (MIS). Contents include: meeting highlights; the use of data for planning, decision making, and measuring outcomes -- Parts I and II; the role of professional associations and their relationship with large jails in the 21st Century; roundtable discussion; legal issues update; future meeting issues; meeting agenda; participant list; and a copy of the "Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000" (RLUIPA).

Proceedings of Cover

Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; issues important to meeting participants; "Diversity Recruitment: Techniques and Community Networking" by Arthur Wallenstein; "Preventing Staff Sexual Misconduct" by Susan McCampbell; "Consular Notification and Access" by Clyde Howard; "Why Corrections Professionals Should Be Concerned With In-Custody ADA Issues" by Timothy Ryan; "Special Needs of Female Inmates" by Richard Rouse, William Montague, Dennis Scheuller, Joe Schmitz, and Bridget Gladwin; "Legal Issues Update" by William Collins; "Topics for Next Meeting" by Richard Geaither; meeting agenda; list of meeting participants; and supplemental materials on legal cases cited.

Proceedings of Cover

Presentations: “Mental Health Inmate Management—Texas Initiative” (1) “Jails and the Sandra Bland Act” by Dennis D. Wilson and (2) “How to Be a Force Multiplier” by Kelly Howell; “Heroin Epidemic—M.A.T. Model in Franklin County, Ohio” by Geoff Stobart; “Addressing Staff Wellness” by Elias Diggins, Jacob Matthews, and Sonya Gillespie-Carter; “Immigration Screening” by Clint Haggard; “Legal Updates” by Carrie L. Hill. Open forum (short discussions): Inmate Art Programs, Cell Improvements to Reduce In-Custody Suicide, Preparations for Civil Disturbances, Medical Care Vendor RFPs and Selection, Recruitment and Overtime, Restrictive Housing and Tier Time, Inmates and Yoga, Housing to Manage Gang Members, Mental Health Care for Veterans, Alternative Shifts, Canine Detection of Contraband, Background Checks for Medical Providers, COs Equipped with NARCAN, Use of Long-Range Acoustic Devices. There were updates from the NSA, NCCHC, AJA, ACA, NIC, and LJN. Included with the proceedings are the final meeting agenda, participant list, and index of meeting topics.

Proceedings of the L.J.N. Meetings Cover

"Rastafarians are named after Ras (Prince) Tafari, Selassie’s title before being crowned Emperor in 1930. The movement later was influenced by Jamaicans. There are estimates that there are as many as one million adherents to the religion worldwide. In the U.S., most adherents are African-Americans. Rastafarians engage in the spiritual use of cannabis, wear their hair in dreadlocks and are generally opposed to cutting their hair. The Ital vegetarian diet is one of the main tenets of the Rastafari movement. Those who adhere to it abstain from all meat and flesh whatsoever, asserting that to touch meat is to touch death. Some Rastafarians, however, do eat some meat nevertheless, but no pork or shellfish" (p. 201). This article covers legal issues associated with Rastafarian staff and inmates and provides suggestions for addressing these challenges. Sections of this publication include: introduction; Rastafarian employees; Rastafarian inmates; and suggestions to consider.

Rights of Rastafarian Employees and Inmates Cover

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