The Community Services Division coordinates technical assistance, specialized training, and other programs related to probation, parole, and other forms of community-based corrections.
The Division also sponsors the development of publications and materials on topics of interest to community corrections practitioners, and it coordinates an interdisciplinary effort to assist jurisdictions in developing a more rational, cost-effective, and coordinated system of criminal justice sanctions and punishments.
Technical assistance related to Community Corrections is provided on issues such as caseload management, victims programs, employee safety, classification and assessment, and intermediate sanctions. The Division also provides specialized training and other programs that focus on: Executive Leadership and Development; Women Offenders; Evidence-Based Offender Interventions; Inmate Transition to Communities; Workforce Development; and Responding to Probation/Parole Violations.
Division Chief: Holly Busby
The Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center released today a comprehensive report providing school leaders and state and local government officials more than 60 recommendations for overhauling their approach to school discipline. The recommendations focus on improving conditions for learning for all students and staff, strengthening responses to student’s behavioral health needs, tailoring school-police partnerships, and minimizing students’ involvement with the juvenile justice system.
This report provides a vivid picture of how LGBT immigrants are abused in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; abuse in immigration detention—details from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request showing dangerous conditions for Detained LGBT immigrants, sexual assault, solitary confinement, and inadequate medical care; ICE's attempts to address the needs of LGBT detainees; impact of increased enforcement in pending legislation on LGBT immigrants; seven recommendations for ensuring the safety of LGBT immigrants; and conclusion.
"Youth mentoring programs, such as those of 4-H, Big Brothers Big Sisters and Boys and Girls Clubs of America, are an important strategy for supporting at-risk youth and preventing them from becoming entangled with the juvenile justice system. This white paper summarizes research showing that LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning] youth would benefit from access to these programs and makes recommendations for youth mentoring programs and local, state, and federal governments to ensure that access" (p. 1). Four parts follow an executive summary: youth mentoring programs; research showing that LGBTQ youth would benefit from youth mentoring programs—at-risk LGBTQ youth and LGBTQ youth in the juvenile justice system; recommendations—six youth mentoring program policies and practices, LGBTQ-focused youth mentoring programs, requirements in youth mentoring grants, enforcing existing legal protections, and adopting new legal protections; and conclusion.
"Many juvenile justice agencies and facilities express a sincere desire to treat LGBT youths in a fair and respectful way and to promote positive interactions between youths and between youths and staff. At the same time, many agencies are unsure of the appropriate steps to take in addressing this issue. This article provides some broad guidance for agency leadership in this area" (p. 100). Suggestions are made for the following operational concerns: policy development; intake screening; housing; searches and supervision; medical and mental health; staff training; and family services.
Transgender individuals are those whose “gender identity” – their personal sense of being male or female – does not match the sex they were assigned at birth. Some transgender people describe this as feeling as if they have been born into the “wrong body” … Juvenile justice professionals need to know that the failure to provide proper treatment for this condition not only can cause serious health problems for transgender children, it can lead to legal liability for detention facilities (p. 1).
"It is the policy of the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision to recognize that Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is a psychiatric diagnosis as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and that the Department will address offender health care needs consistent with this diagnosis" (p. 1). This policy explains how the Department will do this. Procedures cover: verifying or establishing the diagnosis; GID hormone therapy; and state-issue bras. Documents attached to this policy are: "Female to Male Hormone Therapy Consent Form"; "Male to Female Hormone Therapy Consent Form"; and "Bra Measuring Instructions and Sizing".
This report provides an excellent explanation of why some gender nonconforming youth end up involved with the juvenile justice system. "Gender nonconformity, or GNC, is a term used to describe a person’s identity or expression of gender. A GNC person may express their gender through the clothes they wear, the activities they engage in, the pronouns they use, and/or their mannerisms. This expression may embrace masculinity, femininity, neither, or both. GNC is also an umbrella term used to describe various gender identities such as genderqueer, gender fluid, boi, gender neutral, and/or transgender. In general, GNC youth do not conform to stereotypical expectations of what it means to be and to look like a male or a female" (p. 1). The term school push-out refers to students being marginalized in school and/or forced out of school before they graduate. Sections of this report cover: gender nonconforming youth and school climate; GNC youth and the school-to-prison pipeline (STPP); GNC youth report incidents of harsh school discipline and biased application of policies; they report being blamed for their own victimization; and the multiple challenges that GNC youth have to deal with.
Families have the first and greatest impact on children, so our connections with families are central to our work. We provide a wealth of online programs, resources and information that young people, parents and families can use to further their understanding of gender and learn the value of parental and adult support.
We also work with professionals, including educators, social service workers, faith leaders, medical and mental health professionals, government and business leaders and others who need support in navigating rapidly changing gender understandings. Our professional development and training services helps them achieve their objectives and discover an appreciation of the place gender has in everyone’s life.
Are you confused whether to use GLBT or LGBT? Then this short video is for you. "Columnist Jade Esteban Estrada (San Antonio Current) chats with Judy Reeves, co-founder of Houston's Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM) about her perspective on the on-going branding battle between the GLBT (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender) and the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) sets."