The toolkit provides effective culturally responsive practices for prevention programs supporting Latina youth who are at risk of placement in juvenile detention including recommendations, action steps for each recommendation, and targeted resources. Each recommendation and the corresponding action steps are included in a checklist that prevention programs can use to support direct practice, programming, and system changes (p. 4).
Too many tribal juvenile codes are nearly indistinguishable from adult criminal codes. Many of these codes rely heavily on fines and detention, and lack provisions for diverting children out of the juvenile justice system and into rehabilitative services … In place of punitive sanctions such as fines and detention, the Model Code encourages rehabilitative and restorative measures including the provision of services for children and families, favors informal and community-based responses rather than formal proceedings in juvenile court, and includes opportunities for diversion at every stage of such proceedings (p. v).
The tribal notification provision for Native youth entering the state juvenile justice system, unique to the State of New Mexico, has been identified as a method to address the disproportionate number and disparate treatment of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN or Native) youth in the juvenile justice system. Where the Indian Child Welfare Act is followed, which includes the notification of tribes in child welfare cases, experts have found that practice and outcomes for Native children improve. While tribal notification represents a potential solution to the problem, it has not been known to what extent this approach is working in New Mexico. This project considers the efficacy of tribal notification as it is currently implemented and how it can be adjusted to work more effectively and become a model to improve outcomes for Native youth in the juvenile justice system across Indian Country … According to respondents, where tribal and state personnel have established working relationships, including information sharing and collaborative case planning, cases have resulted in coordinated and community-based treatment placement and family engagement. Thus, there is evidence that notice, particularly where there are formal or informal agreements to clarify notification procedures and treatment collaboration, may improve case outcomes (p. 2).
In today’s climate of increased immigration enforcement, U.S. juvenile justice officials must learn how local immigration policies — or a lack thereof — can seriously and negatively impact the lives of noncitizen youth. This guide, which highlights recent policy changes affecting youth in the juvenile justice system, is a great place to start.
“The National Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Standards were released in 2012 to provide comprehensive guidance on the prevention, detection, and response to sexual abuse and violence within confinement settings across the country. Although the National PREA Standards do not specifically extend to tribal detention facilities, all confinement facilities, regardless of their obligations under PREA, are being held to a higher legal standard for the prevention of and response to sexual abuse and could potentially face increased civil penalties if they fail to do so. Further, enhancing the safety and security of facilities and inmates is a core mission for all corrections professionals, which includes protection against and prevention of sexual abuse. “Therefore, the National PREA Resource Center, in partnership with the American Probation and Parole Association, has produced the Preventing and Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities: The Impact of the Prison Rape Elimination Act training curriculum to improve the capacity of tribal detention officers to adequately prevent and respond to incidents of sexual abuse within detention facilities in Indian Country. “The curriculum is designed specifically for tribal detention staff and affiliated organizations that interact with tribal detention facilities. Curriculum Modules and Training Materials: Instructors Manual; Presentation: Impact of PREA; [and Participant Guide. “The curriculum contains five modules and is intended to be delivered over the course of seven hours, not including breaks and lunch. The five modules are: Defining the Issue and Understanding PREA; Dynamics of Sexual Abuse, Violence, and Misconduct; Investigations and Legal Concerns; Review of PREA Standards; [and] Putting Into Practice What We Know.”
“Presented before a House of Representatives briefing sponsored by Rep. Jared Polis of Colorado on September 13, 2012, [this report] … chronicles the May 2012 Adams County Correctional Center uprising in Natchez, Mississippi, a private for-profit facility operated by Corrections Corporation of America [CCA], under contract with the Federal Bureau of Prisons.” Sections of this publication address: how lucrative federal prison contracts enrich Wall Street corporations; deadly conditions; the route to a for-profit private prison in Mississippi; prison health care disaster; May 20, 2012—the prisoner uprising; FBI investigation—prisoners were protesting mistreatment—lack of adequate food and health care, and abuse by guards; another private prison under contract with the BOP had similar problems—GEO at Pecos, Texas; a brief history if prison privatization in the U.S.; the industry’s close ties to politicians and public officials; the bubble breaks for the private prison market; a case in point—CCA at Youngstown, Ohio; the private prison industry bubble reinflates after 9/11; a convoy of CARS (criminal alien requirements) arrives just in time to rescue CCA from bankruptcy; the CARS lurch forward; and the post-9/11 crackdown on immigrants trumps unfavorable findings regarding substandard conditions in private prisons.
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; gangs in the 21st century; defining Network issues -- a discussion; identifying and managing inmate gangs; open forum discussion -- gang management; preventing gang influence and violence in the jail; mental health services in jails -- identifying problems; mental health issues in jails; addressing mental health incidents; Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003; consular notification and access process; topics for next meeting; meeting agenda; and participant list.
The use of an objective classification system (OCS) is described. This guide explains: classification analysis in general; designing a classification system; benefits of implementing a classification system; potential drawbacks of objective classification; some additional considerations; identifying individuals with substance abuse/dependence issues; and balancing objectivity and practicality.
"[D]irection to tribal jurisdictions interested in conducting a justice system assessment for the purposes of addressing systemic issues raised in the development of detention and correctional facilities" is provided (p. 7). This guide is comprised of the following sections: introduction; what a justice assessment is; impact of the justice system assessment on detention and corrections bed space needs; approach to conducting a system assessment; steps in the assessment process; unique characteristics of Indian Country justice systems; summary; key parties in the tribal justice system; and structure of tribal justice systems.
A checklist for assessing the Tribe's progress through the facility development process is provided. Activities tracked include team development, planning, programming, site selection, environmental review; consultant selection, design, construction, transition planning and facility activation, and project contact persons.