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Offender assessment

Beyond Risk and Needs Assessments

This paper describes a comprehensive approach to assessment, developed by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD).

NCCD Compares Juvenile Justice Risk Assessment Instruments: A Summary of the OJJDP-Funded Study

The results from a study of eight risk assessments used for determining which justice-involved youth are low-, moderate-, or high-risk for future delinquency are reviewed.

Employment Retention Inventory Explores the Predictive Factors of Job Loss: Research Project

This fact sheet covers the Employment Retention Inventory (ERI) that assists justice-involved individuals secure and maintain long-term employment.

Ramsey County Proxy Tool Norming & Validation Results

Results are presented from a norming and validation study of the Ramsey County Proxy assessment tool.

Predicting Recidivism Risk: New Tool in Philadelphia Shows Great Promise

This article explains how your jurisdiction can use a random forest risk-forecasting tool.

Doing it Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice - an NJJN Webinar

Whether your agency or jurisdiction is trying to choose the right risk assessment tool, or it already has one in place, you'll find this webinar from the National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) helpful.

Doing It Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice

This fact sheet explains: what a risk assessment tool is; the need to use them; how to choose the right risk assessment instrument; how to implement carefully following your choice; and making sure to gather and analyze data regarding the tool.

Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT): Administration, Scoring, and Reporting Manual, Version 1

This report describes the CPAT—a multi-jurisdiction pretrial risk assessment instrument designed to improve pretrial assessment processes.

Pretrial Risk Assessment 101: Science Provides Guidance on Managing Defendants

This brief explains how pretrial risk assessments can benefit the community by improving public safety and reducing costs. 


The Static-99 is a ten item actuarial assessment instrument created by R. Karl Hanson, Ph.D. and David Thornton, Ph.D. for use with adult male sexual offenders who are at least 18 year of age at time of release to the community.


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