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Parole supervision

The Mental Health of Community Correctional Officers: Supervising Persons with Serious Mental Illness

Few studies have investigated factors that contribute to the mental health of probation and parole officers (PPOs). Addressing the needs of supervises with serious mental illness (SMI) can create unique challenges for PPOs, which in turn may increase job-related stress and impact PPOs’ mental health. Using statewide survey data from 795 PPOs, we examine whether the number of supervises with SMI on an officer’s caseload is associated with depressive symptoms
reported by PPOs and whether this relationship is mediated by
work stress. In addition, we examine the mediating effects of role
conflict and overload in the relationship between the number of
persons with SMI on an officer’s caseload and work stress. Findings reveal that PPOs supervising more people with SMI report significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms and this relationship is mediated by work stress. Additionally, the association between the number of supervisees with SMI on an officer’s caseload and work stress is completely explained away by role conflict and role overload.These findings highlight the mental health significance for parole and probation practitioners working with persons with SMI.

Working with Victims of Crime: An Integrated Approach for Community Supervision Professionals

This Guide provides a comprehensive overview of available information on victims’ rights and services.

Successful Parole and Probation Practices

This program interviewed four directors of state parole and probation agencies about successful case completions and protecting public safety.

The Changing Relationship Between Ex-Criminals and Their Parole Officers

This article discusses EPICS, Effective Practices in Community Supervision, and covers the four steps for face-to-face meetings with offenders.

Nebraska’s Justice Reinvestment Approach: Reduce Prison Overcrowding and Expanding Probation and Parole Supervision

This brief covers Nebraska's justice reinvestment initiative designed to reduce prison overcrowding and expand probation and parole.

Addressing Responsivity Issues with Criminal Justice-Involved Native Americans

This article explains how the responsivity issues of Native American (NA) individuals can be effectively addressed.

Mandatory Reentry Supervision: Evaluating the Kentucky Experience

This brief examines the impact a mandatory reentry supervision program has on spending and public safety.

Behavior Management of Justice-Involved Individuals: Contemporary Research and State-of-the-Art Policy and Practice

This paper presents a framework to support the development of effective behavior management systems.

Max Out: The Rise in Prison Inmates Released Without Supervision

This report examines the rise in max-outs and its policy origins, looks at states that are leading on the use of post-prison supervision to protect public safety and reduce costs, and provides a framework to help other states use evidence to inform release and supervision decisions.

Effective Responses to Offender Behavior: Lessons Learned from Probation and Parole Supervision

This report does a great job in explaining how to effectively combine both sanctions and incentives in probation and parole supervision.


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