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  • Policy-Driven Responses to Probation and Parole Violations

    The author describes the experiences of probation and parole agencies from across the country that worked with NIC on developing innovative approac
  • Responding to Parole and Probation Violations: A Handbook to Guide Local Policy Development

    This handbook discusses policy responses to probation and parole violations that enhance the effectiveness of supervision while also improving comm
  • Female Offenders in the Community [Videoconference Held July 18, 2001]

    This video examines the needs, strengths, weaknesses, and risks associated with female offenders. Topics discussed include:
  • Victim Offender Mediation Programs in Texas

    Results are presented from an assessment of Texas' victim offender mediation (VOM) programs.
  • The Greening of Probation

    The utilization of a web-based Reusable Case Management System (RCMS) by the New York City Department of Probation to send judges offender reports
  • The Importance of a Low Span of Control in Effective Implementation of Evidence Based Probation and Parole Practices

    This report explains why the current probation officer to supervisor ratio (7:1 span of control) should not be increased to a higher level due to s
  • The Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision: Risk-Need-Responsivity in the Real World

    The application of the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model of offender rehabilitation to one-on-one supervision of offenders placed under probation
  • The Role of Program Design, Implementation, and Evaluation in Evidence-Based “Real World” Community Supervision

    The use of Strategy in Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS), a comprehensive model for community supervision, is discussed.
  • The Impact of Probation and Parole Populations on Arrests in Four California Cities

    This study’s purpose was to “determine the extent to which people on probation and parole contribute to the demands on the resources of local law e
  • Civil Liabilities and Other Legal Issues for Probation/Parole Officers and Supervisors: 4th Edition

    The legal liabilities that probation and parole officers face as they perform their duties are explained.
  • Statewide Risk Assessment in Juvenile Probation (2014)

    This is the first thorough systematic scan of the U.S.

  • Formal, Post-Adjudication Juvenile Probation Services (2017)

    Juvenile probation is the supervision and monitoring of justice-involved youth in the community, rather than placement out of the home … The focus

  • Evaluating the Impact of Probation and Parole Home Visits (2019)

    In 2014, Abt Associates began work on a grant from the National Institute of Justice to evaluate the effectiveness of home and field contacts in co

  • Research in Brief Use of Structured Sanctions and Incentives in Probation and Parole Supervision

    Four studies of medium and high research quality have examined the use of sanctions grids by parole and probation departments; however, only two ex

  • Low Risk Offenders Under Probation Supervision: Risk Management and the Risk-Needs-Responsivity Framework (2018)

    Community supervision agencies commonly use resource allocation models to identify the amount of monitoring and treatment to provide individuals un


    Abstract: The use of drug testing is pervasive in community supervision requiring probationers to regularly submit to urine drug testing.