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Probation supervision

The Mental Health of Community Correctional Officers: Supervising Persons with Serious Mental Illness

Few studies have investigated factors that contribute to the mental health of probation and parole officers (PPOs). Addressing the needs of supervises with serious mental illness (SMI) can create unique challenges for PPOs, which in turn may increase job-related stress and impact PPOs’ mental health. Using statewide survey data from 795 PPOs, we examine whether the number of supervises with SMI on an officer’s caseload is associated with depressive symptoms
reported by PPOs and whether this relationship is mediated by
work stress. In addition, we examine the mediating effects of role
conflict and overload in the relationship between the number of
persons with SMI on an officer’s caseload and work stress. Findings reveal that PPOs supervising more people with SMI report significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms and this relationship is mediated by work stress. Additionally, the association between the number of supervisees with SMI on an officer’s caseload and work stress is completely explained away by role conflict and role overload.These findings highlight the mental health significance for parole and probation practitioners working with persons with SMI.

Incorporating Location Tracking Systems Into Community Supervision (2019)

For several decades, supervision agencies have been leveraging a variety of technological innovations to better manage justice-involved individuals in the community.

HOPE II: A Followup Evaluation of Hawai'i’s HOPE Probation

This study extends the original HOPE evaluations to an almost ten-year followup to deterime if the positive results persists after probation ends.

Working with Victims of Crime: An Integrated Approach for Community Supervision Professionals

This Guide provides a comprehensive overview of available information on victims’ rights and services.

Successful Parole and Probation Practices

This program interviewed four directors of state parole and probation agencies about successful case completions and protecting public safety.

Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research for Probation Officers and Administrators

This booklet looks at research on intimate partner violence and analyzes what it reveals that probation officers should know to better do their jobs.

A Tribal Probation Officers Guide to Working with Victims

This bulletin is designed to provide tribal probation officers with a brief overview of victims’ rights and tips on the availablity of victim services.

The Changing Relationship Between Ex-Criminals and Their Parole Officers

This article discusses EPICS, Effective Practices in Community Supervision, and covers the four steps for face-to-face meetings with offenders.

Nebraska’s Justice Reinvestment Approach: Reduce Prison Overcrowding and Expanding Probation and Parole Supervision

This brief covers Nebraska's justice reinvestment initiative designed to reduce prison overcrowding and expand probation and parole.

Justice Reinvestment in Kansas: Strengthening Probation Supervision and Promoting Successful Reentry

This brief covers Kansas' justice reinvestment initiative designed to strengthen community supervision and reentry and to target scarce resources.


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