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Behavior Management of Justice-Involved Individuals: Contemporary Research and State-of-the-Art Policy and Practice

This paper presents a framework to support the development of effective behavior management systems.

Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT)—Probation

This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine data collected by the Annual Probation Survey on adult probationers.

CCJ and COSCA Survey of Evidence-Based Practices in Sentencing & Probation Findings

This survey indicates that juvenile probation is a function of the judicial branch in 45 states and the District of Columbia.

Swift, Certain, & Fair

This website explains the use of swift, certain, and fair, an innovative approach to reducing recidivism.

Controversy, Litigation and Performance Problems Plague Private Probation Services

This overview covers problems inherent in private probation. 

A Review of Probation Home Visits: What Do We Know?

This article highlights the historical importance of home visits as a key element of probation and suggests future avenues to inform the field about their full potential and utility.

Policy Implications of Police-Probation/Parole Partnerships: A Review of the Empirical Literature

This article examines the benefits and challenges of interagency collaboration between law enforcement and community corrections. 

"Swift and Certain" Sanctions in Probation Are Highly Effective: Evaluation of the HOPE Program

The HOPE program — Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement — is an experimental probation program that emphasizes the delivery of "swift and certain" punishment when a probationer violates conditions of probation.

The Hawaii Opportunity Probation with Enforcement Project: A Potentially Worthwhile Correctional Reform

This report explains how HOPE uses a swift and certain consequence for a violation of a probationer’s conditions for release.

Case Study: New York City Department of Probation’s Federal Partnership Efforts: Profile of a Successful Technical Assistance Collaboration With the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the National Institute of Corrections

This brief explains how the NYC DOP Adult Operations Division partnered with the U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and the National Institute of Correction (NIC) to create an organizational culture within the division that was committed to using evidence-based practices.


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