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Use of force

Campaign Against Indiscriminate Juvenile Shackling (CAIJS)

This website provides information about the harms of indiscriminate shackling of youth unless the specific child is a danger.

Callous and Cruel: Use of Force against Inmates with Mental Disabilities in US Jails and Prisons

This report is the first examination of the use of force against inmates with mental disabilities in jails and prisons across the United States.

Civil Liability for Use of Distraction Devices Part 1 [and] Part 2

Distraction devices (such as flashbangs) are especially useful when "correctional personnel are dealing with unruly prisoners or detainees who must be brought under control or extracted from their cells in a safe and controlled manner … Such devices must be properly used by adequately trained personnel, skilled in both legal aspects and practical tactical considerations surrounding their intelligent deployment.

Unchain the Children: Policy Opportunities to End the Shackling of Youth in Court

This policy update explores the reasons why states should end the indiscriminate shackling of youth and how to effectively to end this practice.

Criminal Justice Restraints Standard NIJ Standard 1001.00

This standard specifies the minimum requirements for restraints intended to be used by criminal justice personnel to restrain subjects.

Civil Liability for the Use of Pepper Spray (OC), Tear Gas, and Chemical Agents, Part 1 [and] Part 2

This article presents a basic understanding of civil issues related to the use of chemical agents by law enforcement and correctional officers.

Justifiable Homicides by Law Enforcement Officers: What is the Role of Mental Illness?

This report examines the available information about justifiable homicides involving the transfer of responsibility for mentally ill individuals.

Excited Delirium and the Dual Response: Preventing In-Custody Deaths

Excited delirium syndrome (ExDS) is a serious and potentially deadly medical condition involving psychotic behavior, elevated temperature, and an extreme fight-or-flight response by the nervous system.

Eliminating the Practice of Indiscriminate Shackling of Youth

Juvenile defenders involved in the Juvenile Indigent Defense ActionNetwork (JIDAN) developed a variety of strategic innovations to end the indiscriminate shackling of youth.

Best Practices in the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women Under Correctional Custody

These standards articulate a set of principles to guide agencies and jurisdictions in the development of local policy and practice.


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