Violence in institutions
“Compiled for two decades by the Australian Institute of Criminology, this report found both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous rates of deaths in custody have decreased over the last decade and are now some of the lowest ever seen (0.16 per 100 Indigenous prisoners and 0.22 per 100 non-Indigenous prisoners in 2010–11) … While Indigenous prisoners continue to be statistically less likely to die in custody than non-Indigenous prisoners, there is a concerning trend emerging, as the actual number of Indigenous deaths in prison are rising again, with 14 in 2009-10 which is equal to the highest on record.” Sections of this report following an executive summary include: introduction and context; National Deaths in Custody Program; overview of all deaths in custody; deaths in prison custody; deaths in juvenile justice custody; deaths in police custody and custody-related operations; motor vehicle pursuit and shooting deaths; and conclusion.
Circumstances surrounding the untimely death of Correctional Officer Jayme Biendl at the hands of an inmate are the focus of this incident review. This report “identifies systems, policies, practices, protocol, and technology within MCC/WRS [Monroe Correctional Complex/Washington State Reformatory] which would reasonably have been connected to factors surrounding safety and security for staff and others within that compound” (p. 3). Sections following an executive summary are: pre-planning agenda; documents reviews; staff interviews; briefing and report out; team’s areas of critical review; findings and recommendations for sanitation, staff assaults, treatment/program—custody/control balance, communication and alarm, chemical agents, training enhancement, custody staffing, post orders, inmate movement/call-outs/passes, camera placement and visibility, inmate volunteers, industries and back complex inmate access for jobs/programs/movement, visibility/safety, security audit, current change process, classification review—Inmate Scherf, close custody designated, and staff accountability; and staff comments.
"Presents national and state-level data on the number of inmate deaths that occurred in local jails and state prisons, the distribution of deaths across jails, and the aggregate count of deaths in federal prisons. The report presents annual counts and 14-year trends between 2000 and 2013 in deaths in custody. It provides mortality rates per 100,000 inmates in custody in jail or prison; details the causes of death, including deaths attributed to homicide, suicide, illness, intoxication, and accidental injury; describes decedents' characteristics, including age, sex, race or Hispanic origin, legal and hold status, and time served; and specifies the state where the deaths occurred. Data are from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program, initiated in 2000 under the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-297). Some highlights include: local jail inmate deaths increased 1%, from 958 deaths in 2012 to 967 deaths in 2013; suicides in local jails increased 9%, from 300 suicides in 2012 to 327 in 2013; deaths in prison increased from 3,357 in 2012 to 3,479 in 2013, reaching the highest number since the prison data collection began in 2001--total number of deaths increased 4% between 2012 and 2013; Illness-related deaths accounted for 89% of all deaths in prison in 2013.