This is an exhaustive study regarding the use of body-worn cameras in correctional facilities. "Like much of today’s modern video technology, PVRDs [personal video recording devices aka body-worn cameras] are not a perfect solution. They have limitations such as battery life, video storage capacity and reliability. Yet, without question, PVRDs use in LASD [Los Angeles Sheriff's Department] has the potential to capture video and audio recordings of high liability and rapidly unfolding events that may occur within our custody facilities. The presence of video evidence has the potential to increase agency transparency, thereby increasing community trust and positive public perception of law enforcement. Additionally, video evidence has the potential to increase officer professionalism and accountability, mitigate citizen complaints against officers, reduce civil liability, increase efficiency in the handling of many types of cases and deter criminal activity. The LASD has produced a comprehensive PVRD report through an examination of LASD T&E [test and evaluation] results, LASD user input, review of empirical research, interviews with law enforcement agencies across the United States who are currently using or are considering the use of PVRD technology in patrol and/or custody environments, as well as numerous other metrics. The information captured and analyzed may be used to assist in the decision making process regarding establishing standards, best practices and deployments of PVRD technology and will further assist in capitalizing on the benefits of PVRD technology while minimizing potential pitfalls" (p. 6). Fourteen chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; empirical research; fixed infrastructure surveillance cameras; PVRD test and evaluation; lessons learned; outside agencies; legal considerations; policy considerations; infrastructure/video, storage considerations; video management team; cost; the human factor; and conclusion and recommendations. Body-worn camera policies from 78 law enforcement agencies are also included.
"Firearms are one of the leading causes of deaths for law enforcement officers feloniously killed in the line of duty … Since FY1999, Congress has provided funding to state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies to help them purchase armor vests for their officers through the Matching Grant Program for Law Enforcement Armor Vests (also referred to as the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Initiative, hereinafter “the BPV program”). Congress is considering legislation that would reauthorize the program through FY2018. S. 933, the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program Reauthorization Act of 2013, would, among other things, reauthorize the BPV program until FY2018" (p. 1). This report provides an overview of the BPV program and covers issues relevant to a debate regarding the reauthorization of BPV. Sections following a summary are: background; Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program Reauthorization Act of 2013 (S. 933); authorization and appropriations; the use of armor vests by law enforcement; the life cycle of armor vests; effectiveness of armor vests; and selected issues for Congress.
Distraction devices (such as flashbangs) are especially useful when "correctional personnel are dealing with unruly prisoners or detainees who must be brought under control or extracted from their cells in a safe and controlled manner … Such devices must be properly used by adequately trained personnel, skilled in both legal aspects and practical tactical considerations surrounding their intelligent deployment. Their deployment is a use of force. Although non-lethal in most instances, improper use can result in injury to both members of the public and officers themselves" (p. 1). The use of distraction devices and civil lawsuits associated with them are discussed. Sections of this series include: introduction; use in a home or building entry; use in correctional settings; use in street settings; damage awards; injuries to officers; and some suggestions worth considering.
Key staff safety training issues for community corrections agencies are discussed. This manual addresses:
- Use-of-force continuum;
- Crisis prevention;
- Self defense and physical fitness;
- Oleoresin capsicum;
- Body protection;
- Safety in the office;
- Protection from disasters;
- Arrest, search, and seizure;
- Field work;
- Canine considerations;
- Scenario training;
- And critical incidents.
Appendixes include: a model protocol for critical incident and death notification; helpful hints on personal security; residential security survey guidelines; firearms standards; and a firearms training checklist.
This is a great place to find up to date information about law enforcement body armor. Access is provided to these sections: wear your armor; selection and fit; care and replacement; levels of body armor; information for chiefs and executives—legislative actions, in support of mandatory wear, and purchasing body armor; corrections—body armor, and shanks; features such as the history of soft body armor, female fit, and body armor in the news; Bulletproof Vest Partnership (BVP) Grant Program—three easy steps, program resources, other resources, and FAQs; Body Armor Safety Initiative; and the compliant product list.
Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; Report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics by Allen Beck; Discussion: PREA in Local Jails; Statistical Analysis: Crowding, Life Safety, and Managing Staff by Patrick Jablonski and Scott Bradsteet; Succession Planning: Executives and Middle Management by Gordon Bass, Dennis Williams, and Richard Geaither; Is There a Proper Place for Tasers in the Use of Force Continuum? by John Clark, William Collins, and Don Leach; Discussion: Use of Tasers; Emergency Preparedness by Rick Ferry; Legal Issues Update by Bill Collins; Discussion: Legal Issues; Topics for Next Meeting by Marilyn Chandler Ford and Richard Geaither; meeting agenda; and list of meeting attendees.
"This guide has two principal purposes. The first is to inform law enforcement, corrections and other public safety agencies in the development of sound policies and procedures concerning body armor from its procurement to its disposal. The second is to provide officers a better understanding of the importance of wearing body armor, wearing it correctly and caring for it properly … The heart of the guide – how to proceed to select and purchase body armor – begins with chapter 4 and includes chapters explaining how to assess the level of protection needed, things to think about when selecting armor and ways to keep it in proper working order" (p. 1). Ten chapters are contained in this guide: reasons to wear body armor; what body armor is; NIJ Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor Standards and Testing Program; selection considerations; measurement, fit, and coverage; purchasing and procurement considerations; development and procurement specifications; inspection and care; training and administration; and what to do when an officer wearing body armor is shot. Appendixes include: armor sizing templates; and example procurement specifications.
Findings from a ballistic and mechanical properties test of 103 used Zylon-containing body armor are presented. This report contains the following sections: executive summary; supplemental results from Phase I testing; Phase II testing results; results of Phase I and II ballistic testing; applied research; compliance testing process review and modifications; summary; complete results of Phase I (Worst Case) P-BFS test; Phase I (Worst Case) ballistic limit and tensile strength test results; results of Phase II P-BFS testing; and individual armor models tested. The "results clearly show that used Zylon-containing body armor may not provide the intended level of ballistic resistance" (p. 3).
"This two-part article focuses on litigation involving the use of Tasers on persons suffering from “excited delirium” or other agitated conditions – including cases involving a death, a non-fatal injury, or taking place in a correctional setting. The second part of this article … offers suggestions for policies and practices plus a listing of relevant resources and references on the subject" (p. 101). Part 1 is comprised of sections covering: what excited delirium (ED); and cases involving deaths—cases finding actual or potential liability, and cases finding no liability. Part 2 has sections about: cases involving non-fatal injury; correctional setting; and some suggestions to consider.