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Community Services

  • Gangs (Security Threat Groups)

    Gangs are an ongoing national problem that requires effective management by the public safety community. The research discussed covers various topics related to gangs, including slang used by prison gangs and intervention for gang-affiliated inmates.
  • Leadership Development In Corrections

    NIC believes in developing effective correctional leaders through competency-based training aligned with agency needs. It offers Correctional Leadership Competencies for the 21st Century, which links skills, knowledge, and attributes of effective leaders to specific behaviors.
  • Justice-Involved Women

    Correctional administrators need to understand the different paths and levels of risk of women offenders to improve outcomes for them. Technical assistance is available to local jurisdictions to examine and improve their responses to this population.
  • Probation and Parole

    Probation is a suspended prison sentence for offenders to follow rules, while parole is an administrative release from prison with post-release supervision. The research on this page covers various probation and parole-related topics.
  • Pretrial

    Pretrial Services programs provide information for bail decisions and supervision to promote public safety. By identifying risk factors, judicial officers can balance the presumption of innocence while protecting the community.
  • Reentry/Transition

    Reentry is the transition of offenders from prisons or jails back into the community. Over three-quarters of state offenders are re-arrested within five years of release, highlighting the importance of successful reintegration for improving public safety and policy.
  • Transition and Workforce Development

    This page provides links to research, case studies, and best practices, demonstrating the value of giving both currently and formerly incarcerated individuals opportunities for rehabilitation through employment. By providing these resources, NIC aims to support communities in creating more inclusive and diverse workplaces while improving public safety.
  • LGBTI Persons in Custody and Under Supervision

    This webpage provides information on the safe and respectful management of LGBTQI persons in custody, using best practices and considering legal perspectives. Agencies can apply for limited technical assistance to improve their response to managing LGBTQI persons.
  • Evidence-Based Decision Making

    EBDM is a strategic and deliberate method of applying empirical knowledge and research-supported principles to justice system decisions made at the case, agency, and system level. Public safety outcomes will be improved when stakeholders engage in partnerships, use research, and create better outcomes.
  • Post-Conviction Victim Service Providers

    This page focuses on victim services in corrections, reentry, parole, and probation that occur after an offender has been convicted. Many states provide post-conviction victims' rights such as notification, protection, assistance with restitution, and referrals to crime victim services.
  • Learning and Performance

    NIC provides resources and services for trainers in the correctional system through the Learning and Performance Initiative to help build staff training and development capacity in corrections agencies, with guides and resources available to training directors, coordinators, and others responsible for training.
  • Parole

    Parole is the administrative release of inmates from prison and a provision for post-release supervision. It involves a promise to obey the law and follow certain rules in exchange for release. This page provides links to best practices and innovations in the parole field.
  • Justice-Involved Veterans

    This page addresses the unique needs of justice-involved veterans, who suffer from physical and "invisible" wounds of war. NIC first developed "Veterans Treatment Courts: A Second Chance for Vets Who Have Lost Their Way," and established the Justice Involved Veterans Network to improve outcomes for veterans.
  • Wellness for Corrections and Supervision Professionals

    This page highlights the need for maintaining safety and security while providing opportunities for staff to not become overwhelmed by both institutional and community settings. "Wellness" emphasizes the importance of taking personal well-being seriously and provides a list of topics and resources to help professionals in the corrections field find balance and stay motivated to perform at their best.
  • Correctional Industries Initiative

    Incarceration may improve employment prospects if it has a rehabilitative effect or includes education and training. Correctional Industries provides real-life work experience, and this initiative helps identify organizational priorities, establish objectives, and provide specialized services and programming to support a return to the labor force.
  • ACA Mapping Initiative

    The Affordable Care Act (ACA) enables low-income individuals in the criminal justice system to obtain insurance coverage. NIC's ACA Mapping Initiative maps the decision points across the corrections system to identify opportunities for enhanced enrollment and integration of health care coverage.
  • Criminal Justice Coordinating Councils

    Criminal Justice Coordinating Councils allow elected and appointed executive-level policymakers to meet collaboratively to address issues facing the justice system. This page describes CJCCs, provides specific guidance for their development and operation, and offers tips on how to sustain them.
  • Correctional Policy and Procedure

    Well-written policies and procedures inform and govern staff behavior, set clear expectations, and support professional behavior. Policies need to have defensible rationale, such as "legitimate correctional outcomes," prevailing standards, or specific case law, and must be officially approved and issued.
  • Correctional Responses to Domestic Violence Victims

    Domestic violence involves physical, sexual, psychological, and emotional abuse with the intent to control a partner. The NIC highlights programs to address offender accountability and victim safety in domestic violence cases.
  • Redemption & Certificates of Rehabilitation

    This page includes information and best practices on Redemption & Certificates of Rehabilitation including: Alternative Strategies for Reintegration, Criminal History Records & Employment, In the News, Legislation, Research, Restoration of Voting, Housing, & Pell Grants.
  • Suicide in Corrections

    The resources on this page will help give an overview of the problems surrounding correctional suicides and the ways one can implement strategies to turn around the alarming upward trajectory of suicide rates.
  • Employer-Driven Employment Model for Justice-Involved Individuals

    The Employer-Driven Employment Toolkit provides effective practices, strategies, tips, and resources for implementing the four key processes. The toolkit emphasizes building relationships between corrections agencies and businesses to ensure successful attachment to the labor market.
  • Transition from Prison to Community (TPC)

    The TPC model encourages strategic system changes to reduce recidivism and future victimization, to enhance public safety, and to improve the lives of communities, victims, and offenders. NIC, along with project partners, has implemented the TPC model in eight states.
  • Community Corrections Academic Resources

    The goal of this project is to encourage criminal justice educators to recognize the importance of developing curriculum specific to community supervision, distinct from institutional corrections, and to provide support to college educators and community corrections practitioners who teach community corrections courses.
  • Corrections Stress

    Corrections Stress refers to the emotional challenges faced by correctional personnel and the potentially cumulative negative side effects of what

  • Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, Accessibility

    Employers must create a work environment that values diversity, equity, inclusion, and accessibility (DEIA) to attract the best employees. The DEIA supports individual and organizational growth by providing resources to examine bias, lead diverse teams, support inclusive teams, and create DEIA programs.
  • Communicating Effectively and Professionally with LGBTI Offenders

    This course will provide you with strategies for communicating respectfully with all offenders, with a specific focus on LGBTI offenders.
  • Justice Involved Women Courses

    This course provides an overview of the important aspects of understanding Justice-Involved Women in correctional settings.
  • Respectful Communication with LGBTQI Youth

    This course will provide you with strategies for communicating effectively and professionally with all youth, with a specific focus on LGBTQI youth.
  • Workforce Development for Justice-Involved Individuals

    This six course series provides content knowledge that is required before attending NIC's Offender Workforce Development Specialist (OWDS) training program and serves as a standalone program that provides important foundational and theoretical perspectives of career development.
  • Evidence-Based Practices in a Correctional Setting

    This is a six-course program for front line supervisors and staff in pretrial, probation, jails, prisons, parole, and re-entry.
  • Effective Case Planning and Supervision of Justice-Involved Women

    This course is an interactive, two course series depicting issues and challenges experienced by women in the community, often very different from men. The second course is designed for correctional staff and related stakeholders who work with justice-involved women.
  • Transition From Prison to the Community

    This course will show how offenders can Transitioning from Prisons to the Community (TPC) Initiative, the TPC approach and model used, how to implement TPC.
  • Workforce Development and Women Offenders

    This course will focus on women offenders, their characteristics, differences from male offenders, and how you can assess and plan for their career development upon release into the community.
  • Establishing the Learning Organization

    This course will help you conduct an assessment of your unit or department, help you prepare for the future, and help you put together a plan to maximize the learning of your organization.
  • Parole Board Member Fundamentals

    This course covers the basic information about parole board member duties and activities.
  • Corrections Staffing Resource Center

    The most valuable resource to any organization is its people.

  • Recruitment, Hiring, & Retention

    Corrections agencies are facing critical staffing levels.

  • Guidelines for Developing a Criminal Justice Coordinating Council

    Criminal Justice Coordinating Councils (CJCCs) are how elected and appointed executive-level policymakers in local jurisdictions, and sometimes sta