There are 2,876 local jails in the United States that process approximately 12 million releases per year. Focusing on offender reentry from jails presents opportunities to have a significant effect on public safety, but offender reentry to the community from jails is a complicated issue. The individuals committed to jails have diverse risks and needs, and their length of stay in jails is brief when compared to prison stays. For many inmates being released, no organization or individual is responsible for their supervision or treatment in the community.
NIC, with project partner Urban Institute, launched the "Transition from Jail to the Community (TJC)" initiative in 2007. A jail transition model has been developed and tested in six local jurisdictions to improve long-term reintegration outcomes for individuals returning to communities from local jails.
Phase I: TJC Learning Sites
The development of TJC has multiple phases. Several sites around the country have been selected to receive technical assistance to aid with implementation. TJC Phase 1 learning sites include Davidson County, Tennessee; Denver, Colorado; Douglas County, Kansas; Kent County, Michigan; La Crosse County, Wisconsin; and Orange County, California.
NIC and its project partners have developed technical assistance tools to disseminate to the field. The first of those products is the TJC Implementation Toolkit. This web-based learning resource is designed to guide jurisdictions through the implementation of the TJC model, in whole or in part. The Toolkit is a hands-on resource for users interested in jail reentry, whether in a criminal justice or community-based organization. Users can navigate through the toolkit's the nine modules at their own pace. The modules incorporate examples from jurisdictions across the country, tools developed to facilitate implementation in the six current TJC learning sites, resource suggestions, and detailed content.
Phase II: TJC Learning Sites Selected
In August 2012, NIC released a solicitation and selected an additional six TJC Phase 2 sites: Ada County, Idaho; Franklin County, Massachusetts; Fresno County, California; Hennepin County, Minnesota; Howard County, Maryland; and Jacksonville, Florida. These sites will receive technical assistance in implementing the TJC model for a 2.5 year period.
TJC Phase I Findings
In December 2012, jurisdictions received a 90-minute presentation to discuss the implementation of the TJC model, examine the role of screening and assessment in jail reentry, and discuss case management strategies for successful jail reentry.
TJC AB 109 Site Selected
San Diego and Santa Barbara were selected as two California jurisdictions for implementation of the TJC model in an AB 109 environment. During the next 30 months, NIC will provide these jurisdictions with targeted technical assistance to support their development of a systems change process involving collaborative strategic planning, continuity of care, evidence-based practices, data-driven decision-making, and self-evaluation.