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Model Indian Juvenile Code, 2016 Revision (2016)

Too many tribal juvenile codes are nearly indistinguishable from adult criminal codes. Many of these codes rely heavily on fines and detention, and lack provisions for diverting children out of the juvenile justice system and into rehabilitative services … In place of punitive sanctions such as fines and detention, the Model Code encourages rehabilitative and restorative measures including the provision of services for children and families, favors informal and community-based responses rather than formal proceedings in juvenile court, and includes opportunities for diversion at every stage of such proceedings (p. v).

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