Todd D. Minton
This report presents "state-level estimates of the number of inmates confined in local jails at year end 2013, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin. This report provides information on changes in the incarceration rate, average daily population, admissions, expected length of stay, rated capacity, percent of capacity occupied, and inmate-to-correctional officer ratios. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on the number of inmates confined to jail and persons admitted to jail during 2013. It features a special section on the 12 facilities that functioned as jails for the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Highlights: From 1999 to 2013, the number of inmates in local jails increased by 21%, from 605,943 to 731,570 [while] During this period, the growth in the jail population was not steady, as the jail confined population peaked in 2008 at 785,533 then declined to its 2013 level; The adult jail incarceration rates changed slightly between midyear 1999 (304 [per 100,000 adult U.S. residents]) and yearend 2013 (310 [per 100,000 adult U.S. residents]); Nearly half (46%) of all local jail inmates were confined in jurisdictions holding 1,000 or more inmates in 2013, down slightly from 50% in 2006; Between 1999 and yearend 2013, the female inmate population increased by 48%, from approximately 68,100 to 100,940. The male inmate population increased by 17%, from approximately 537,800 to 630,620; [and] The juvenile population (persons age 17 or younger) held in adult jail facilities in 2013 (4,420) decreased by more than half from its peak in 1999 (9,458).
This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2013, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. It also provides estimates of year-to-year changes between midyear 2000 and midyear 2013 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. More detailed breakouts by jurisdiction size track changes between 2012 and 2013 in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate. The report examines the effect of California's Public Safety Realignment on state-level and national estimates of the confined jail population. Estimates and standard errors are based on data collected from the Annual Survey of Jails." Highlights include: the jail population is significantly lower by midyear 2013 (731,208) following a peak in the number of inmates confined in county and city jails at midyear 2008 (785,533); the number of female inmates increased 10.9% (10,000 inmates) between midyear 2010 and 2013, while the male population declined 4.2% (down 27,500 inmates) with males making up 86% of the jail; and the total jail population is comprises of 47% whites, 36% Blacks, and 15% Hispanics.
This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2014 by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. This report provides estimates of year-to-year changes from midyear 2000 to midyear 2014 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on changes in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate between 2013 and 2014. Estimates and standard errors are based on data collected from the Annual Survey of Jails. Highlights [include]: The number of inmates confined in county and city jails was an estimated 744,600 at midyear 2014, which was significantly lower than the peak of 785,500 inmates at midyear 2008; The jail incarceration rate decreased from a peak of 259 per 100,000 in 2007 to 234 per 100,000 at midyear 2014; The female inmate population increased 18.1% between midyear 2010 and 2014, while the male population declined 3.2%; White inmates accounted for 47% of the total jail population, blacks represented 35%, and Hispanics represented 15%; About 4,200 juveniles age 17 or younger were held in local jails at midyear 2014. They accounted for 0.6% of the confined population, down from 1.2% at midyear 2000.
This Bulletin presents "findings from the 2014 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2014 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and expected average length of stay in jail at admission. It also provides data on rated capacity, facility crowding, and jail staffing in June 2014. The report includes counts of inmate deaths and suicide attempts for the 12-month period ending June 30, 2014, along with comparisons to counts in prior years. Highlights: At midyear 2014, an estimated 2,380 inmates were confined in 79 Indian country jails—4% increase from the 2,287 inmates confined at midyear 2013; The number of inmates admitted into Indian country jails during June 2014 (10,460) was nearly five times the size of the average daily population (2,170); For the 79 facilities operating in June 2014, the expected average length of stay at admission for inmates was about 6 days; Since 2010, about 3 in 10 inmates held in Indian country jails have been confined for a violent offense, a decline from about 4 in 10 since peaking in 2007; [and] Domestic violence (12%) and aggravated or simple assault (9%) accounted for the largest percentage of violent offenders at midyear 2014, followed by unspecified violence (5%) and rape or sexual assault (2%)."