Probation departments often operate with lack of guidance on drug testing, as well as a lack of research on drug testing's impact on reducing recidivism or improving behavioral health.
The use of drug testing is pervasive in community supervision, requiring probationers to regularly submit to urine drug testing. Positive drug tests may result in sanctions, technical violations, probation revocations, and even prison sentences.
National Institute of Corrections Drug-Free Prison Zone Project: Evaluation Component for Each of Eight State Sites: Final Report
Results from projects implementing new strategies for drug interdiction within an institutional setting are presented. This compilation includes findings from final evaluation reports provided by Maryland, California, Kansas, New York, and Florida.
This study extends the original HOPE evaluations to an almost ten-year followup to deterime if the positive results persists after probation ends.