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  • Defining and Measuring Correctional Performance Final Report

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    Defining and Measuring Correctional Performance Final Report

    Development of outcome-based performance systems of management for correctional agencies has been an important initiative for the Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) since the early 1990s. It was envisioned as a means of assessing performance across jurisdictions, promoting the use of performance-based management by correctional agencies, and improving the planning and management capacities of correctional organizations across the nation. Our specific project objectives were threefold: 1) identify a series of correctional measures that are considered to be the most crucial aspects of quality incarceration; 2) develop a set of indicators that reflect the essence of each measure; and, 3) define each indicator to allow for standard application of the measures across jurisdictions. Recognizing the complexity and scope of the potential performance measures for correctional agencies, for the purposes of this project, we focused on measures of public safety, institutional safety, treatment and programming, and contextual data. This report describes our work to date, identifies the performance indicators developed by the subcommittee, summarizes a preliminary assessment of state correctional agencies’ capacity to participate, and outlines the next steps for continued development of a national performance measurement system.

    Document
  • Performance-Based Measures System Resource Manual

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    Performance-Based Measures System Resource Manual

    PBMS is an automated web-based system developed by ASCA for collecting, managing, and sharing accurate adult prison-based corrections data that will enable timely and sound decision-making by correctional administrators to ensure institutional safety, to enhance the security of our facilities for prisoners and staff, and to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of correctional resources. This manual provides the user all the tools necessary to use PBMS.

    Document
  • Performance-Based Measures System Counting Rules: Revised Key Indicators and Characteristics

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    Performance-Based Measures System Counting Rules: Revised Key Indicators and Characteristics

    This document provides correctional facilities definitions and the rules for maintaining statistics for their institutions. Including, but not limited to, operational capacity, inmates, housed, inmates outsourced, male security staff, female security, institutional staff.

    Document
  • COVID-19: How are Pretrial Service Agencies Dealing with the Coronavirus? [Webinar]

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    COVID-19: How are Pretrial Service Agencies Dealing with the Coronavirus? [Webinar]

    In line with directives from the White House, state authorities, and local officials, criminal justice agencies around the country have modified operations to comply with social distancing, travel restrictions, and mandatory health orders due to COVID-19. These policies have a significant impact on the judiciary, causing courthouse closures, the suspension of jury trials, and the halting or modification of court orders. It has required criminal justice decision makers to swiftly examine their pretrial populations and practices to comply with these modified operations.

    In this webinar you will hear from decision makers who were responsible for upholding these recommendations. They will share their challenges and experiences in implementing these directives, as well as the opportunities they found for adopting long- term practice changes that focus on maximizing public safety, court appearances, and release of pretrial defendants.

    Webinar Objectives:

    • Discuss the collaborative efforts among pretrial services, the courts, district attorney’s offices, and jails to manage the pretrial population during the coronavirus pandemic.
    • Identify innovative approaches to support defendant court appearance and connection with pretrial service officers.
    • Highlight early challenges and opportunities.
    • Show how technology is playing a key role in the new normal.
    • Provide key resources to the field.

    Moderators/Speakers:
    Greg Crawford, Correctional Program Specialist, National Institute of Corrections
    Lori Eville, Correctional Program Specialist, National Institute of Corrections
    Spurgeon Kennedy, Vice-President, National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies

    Panel Members:
    The Honorable Karen Thomas, Judge, 17th Judicial District of Kentucky
    Tara Boh Blair, Executive Officer, Kentucky Court of Justice, Department of Pretrial Services
    Kevin Burns, Captain, San Juan County Sheriff’s Office, New Mexico
    Krista Lawrence, Division Director, 11th Judicial District and Magistrate Courts, New Mexico
    Jon Tunheim, Prosecuting Attorney, Thurston County District Court, Washington
    Marianne Clear, Director, Thurston County Pretrial Services, Washington

    This webinar aired on September 3rd, 2020.

     

    Webinar
  • What’s Your Eye Chart Saying? How Our Beliefs Filter Our Views [Webinar]

    What’s Your Eye Chart Saying? How Our Beliefs Filter Our Views [Webinar]

    Originally broadcast on August 20th, 2020 for one hour.

    Webinar Summary : When was the last time you had your eyes examined? Just as the health of our vision is maintained through regular eye exams, the way in which we see the world is maintained through self-awareness and broadening our perspectives. In the midst of quarantines, telework, and increased isolation from both friends and colleagues, we are also living through a time of social unrest. For many people, this time in history has brought new insights into the criminal justice system and interaction across cultures and life experiences.

    If you are interested in improving your cultural “eye sight,” this one-hour interactive webinar sponsored by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is for you! Our vision for how we view and perceive others is impacted by our individual beliefs, values, and past experiences. In this webinar, we’ll explore preconceptions and techniques that can be used to understand how other people see the world. By gaining insight into your own personal filters, you will be able to engage in difficult conversations and begin to develop a greater sense of awareness and empathy that starts with YOU.

    Take Aways:
    Prepare to learn how to develop your H.U.E.:

    H elp with cultural considerations toward effective communication in corrections;

    U nderstand how your preconceptions and values influence your vision;

    E nhance your ability to navigate shared experiences.

    Speakers:
    Alfranda Durr, CEO ALD & Associates LLC
    Kari Heistad, CEO Cultural Coach International

    Alfranda (Al) and Kari are Certified Diversity and Inclusion Practitioners with 40 plus years of combined experience conducting in-person and virtual training on a wide range of Human Resources, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion topics. Al and Kari have partnered on a popular diversity webinar series covering a wide range of diversity topics. Combined, Al and Kari bring diverse perspectives and ways of seeing the world to their presentations.

     

    Webinar
  • Putting the Science into Self-Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention [Webinar]

    Putting the Science into Self-Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention
    Putting the Science into Self-Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention [Webinar]

    Are you interested in learning about some of the reasons that people repeatedly and purposely injure themselves? Do you want to learn ways to manage serial self-injurious behavior? We know that self-injurious behavior is a significant problem in correctional settings. Compounding the problem is confusion about what constitutes self-injurious behavior, how to define it, and what are the potential motivational and etiological factors involved. A number of researchers have attempted to address these issues, but efforts to construct a paradigm have proven problematic. In response to this growing problem, this interactive one-hour webinar will introduce an innovative profiling system designed to develop profiles of inmates who engage in serial self-injuries. The Self-Injury Profile System (SIPS) identifies diagnostic and personality characteristics, behavioral patterns, and associated risk factors that create a SIPS profile which is used to analyze individual and group trends. Implementing a SIPS will help you and your agency develop a classification system for defining self-injurious behaviors and a paradigm for understanding the motivational and etiological factors involved. SIPS allows for the implementation of evidence-based management interventions, improvement in clinical outcomes, and reduction in health care costs associated with serial self-injurious behaviors across a facility, agency, or an entire correctional system.

    During this one-hour interactive webinar, you will learn to 1) recognize the problems and obstacles to effective assessment and treatment of non-suicidal self-injury, 2) understand the differences and unique characteristics associated with serial self-injurious behaviors and how to document the risk assessment, and 3) identify how a profiling system may be useful in developing a classification system and a paradigm for better management of serial self-injurious behaviors.

    Speaker : Dean Aufderheide Ph.D.
    Dr. Aufderheide is a board-certified correctional psychologist and licensed clinical and forensic psychologist. A former president of the International Association of Correctional and Forensic Psychology, he is the Chief of Mental Health Services for the Florida Department of Corrections and serves as the American Correctional Association’s National Mental Health Advisor.

    Webinar
  • Communicating with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities: Part #2

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    Communicating with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities: Part #2

    This webinar is part of a series created for the Family Connections Project, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) invites you to attend a 1.5-hour training on how to communicate with families and children in correctional facilities. Installment two of the series will provide relevant information and strategies for staff. This webinar will cover three major topics:

    • Communication 101: Basic Types and Everyday Challenges
    • Workplace Culture and Practices: Interacting with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities
    • Applicable Practices for Staff: Interacting with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities

    Webinar
  • National Institute of Corrections Report to the Nation FY 2018: Results and Innovations

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    National Institute of Corrections Report to the Nation FY 2018: Results and Innovations

    This report presents the activity of the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) over Fiscal Year 2018. This year NIC launched several new programs including "Safety Matters: Managing Relationships in Women's Facilities", "Training A (Analysis) to E (Evaluation)", and "The Learning Professional". We facilitated numerous trainings, and provided technical assistance around the country. The reports presents to you another year of corrections innovation, scholarship, and leadership on behalf of the National Institute of Corrections.

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  • The Mindful Supervisor [Webinar]

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    The Mindful Supervisor [Webinar]

    Are you striving to meet organizational goals and crucial deadlines, yet wondering why your team’s morale has decreased? Are you aware of the messages your supervisory performance sends in stressful circumstances and their impact on your team? Are you interested in increasing your self-awareness, decrease tension, improve concentration, and ultimately improve your team's health and workplace satisfaction?

    If you answered yes to any of these questions, this one hour interactive webinar sponsored by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is for you! Research suggests that, as the emotional and/or mental well-being of each team member decline, organizational and professional growth are negatively affected. How you perform in stressful circumstances sends a clear message, whether positive or negative, to your team. During this interactive webinar, we will explore techniques that can be used to address workplace stress using mindfulness that starts with YOU, in your role as Supervisor.

    What can mindfulness do for you as a Supervisor? Mindfulness can help increase your self-awareness, decrease tension within you and your team, improve your concentration, and ultimately improve your team's health and workplace satisfaction. During this webinar, you will experience several mindfulness techniques to implement with your team, helping you to jumpstart your transformation to leading mindfully and improving the emotional health of your team and organization.

    Speaker

    Dr. Rosalind Smith Sistrunk, Rosalind Smith Counseling

    Dr. Sistrunk is a licensed professional clinical counselor in the state of Ohio who specializes in relationship counseling. She conducts mindfulness-based workshops and services to help improve the emotional well-being of individuals and organizations. Dr. Sistrunk believes that a supervisor’s healthy emotional well-being can have a positive impact on any workforce.

    References

    A Clinician's Guide to Teaching Mindfulness
    By Christiame Wolf, MD, PhD & J. Greg Serpa, Phd

    The Body Keeps the Score
    By Bessel Van Der Kolk, MD

    The Mindful Workplace
    By Michael Chaskalson

    The Quantum Doctor
    By Amit Goswami, PhD

    Webinar
  • The Mental Health of Community Correctional Officers: Supervising Persons with Serious Mental Illness

    The Mental Health of Community Correctional Officers: Supervising Persons with Serious Mental Illness

    Few studies have investigated factors that contribute to the mental health of probation and parole officers (PPOs). Addressing the needs of supervises with serious mental illness (SMI) can create unique challenges for PPOs, which in turn may increase job-related stress and impact PPOs’ mental health. Using statewide survey data from 795 PPOs, we examine whether the number of supervises with SMI on an officer’s caseload is associated with depressive symptoms reported by PPOs and whether this relationship is mediated by work stress. In addition, we examine the mediating effects of role conflict and overload in the relationship between the number of persons with SMI on an officer’s caseload and work stress. Findings reveal that PPOs supervising more people with SMI report significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms and this relationship is mediated by work stress. Additionally, the association between the number of supervisees with SMI on an officer’s caseload and work stress is completely explained away by role conflict and role overload.These findings highlight the mental health significance for parole and probation practitioners working with persons with SMI.

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  • Federal Interagency Reentry Council: A Record of Progress and a Roadmap for the Future

    Federal Interagency Reentry Council: A Record of Progress and a Roadmap for the Future

    With the collective commitment of leaders across the government and across the country, the Reentry Council is working to promote successful reentry and reintegration for individuals returning from prison and jail. Strengthening opportunities for second chances will not only improve outcomes for justice-involved populations, it will also reduce recidivism and victimization – creating safer communities – and save taxpayer dollars spent on the direct and collateral costs of incarceration … The Council has developed a robust set of policies, programs, and training materials to support the reintegration of formerly incarcerated individuals and reduce barriers for those with a criminal record … The Reentry Council’s path forward will be guided by an overarching commitment to realizing the goals described in this report – and ensuring that the tools for successful reentry reach the communities that need them most (p. 75).

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  • Back to Normal: Considerations for Returning Jails to Pre-COVID-19 Operations

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    Back to Normal: Considerations for Returning Jails to Pre-COVID-19 Operations

    This document was written to serve as suggestions for when jail leaders begin the process of returning jail operations “back to normal”. Emergency response plans, like all policies and procedures must be tailored to the specific facility and available resources.  This includes agencies with multiple facilities, each perhaps with a different design.  COVID-19 presents some different issues to consider in emergency response planning and implementation.  While many practices put in place to enhance safety during this time are similar from county to county and jail to jail, returning jail operations “back to normal” will offer different challenges. 

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  • Barracks Behind Bars II: In Veteran-Specific Housing Units, Veterans Help Veterans Help Themselves

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    Barracks Behind Bars II: In Veteran-Specific Housing Units, Veterans Help Veterans Help Themselves

    This paper is the fourth in the National Institute of Corrections justice-involved veteran compendium project. It illuminates programs in prisons across the country whose goal is to prevent recidivism by justice-involved veterans, and by so doing improve the safety of law enforcement officers, correctional officers, inmates, and the public. It illustrates the design/development, implementation, and sustainment of initiatives taken by corrections officials who have set up specialized housing—in pods, dorms, units, wings, or floors—and programming for military veterans.

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  • Communicating with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities [Webinar]

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    Communicating with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities [Webinar]

    This webinar was created for the Family Connections Project. On April 16, 2020, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) presented a 1.5-hour training webinar on strategies for staff to communicate with families and children in correctional facilities.
    This webinar covered four major topics:
    •    Communication 101: Basic Types and Everyday Challenges
    •    Points of Contact and Communication with Families in Correctional Facilities
    •    Best Practices on Communication and Active Listening
    •    Tips for Staff on Interacting with Families and Children in Correctional Facilities

    Webinar
  • (PH)REAL: PHilosophy, Relationship, Equipping, Attitude and Leadership

    (PH)REAL: PHilosophy, Relationship, Equipping, Attitude and Leadership

    Did you know that 99% of all leadership occurs not from the TOP but from the MIDDLE of an organization? Join the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) to explore the qualities of effective leaders at all levels and the essential skills necessary to flourish in one’s own management style while respecting organizational structure and mission. Through a series of interactive activities, we will explore how current and future leaders can bring relevant tools, values, and influence to and from every level of a correctional organization. 

    Webinar
    Streaming Video
  • Mindfulness Meditation, Stress Reduction, and Prevention

    Mindfulness Meditation, Stress Reduction, and Prevention

    Chaplain Aroons Seeda provides a self-guided meditation that can be used for staff, inmates or the general public. This guide supports the user through various types of mindfulness meditation, stress reduction and prevention with the following sections:

    1. Introduction
    2. Single Breath
    3. Whole Body
    4. Energy Release
    5. Resting Peace Point
    6. Self Compassion 
    7. Conclusion
    8. Play All

    Watch this video now, stream it online

    Mindfulness Meditation, Stress Reduction, and Prevention

    Download this video Download the transcript

    Video
  • Correctional Officer Suicide Annotated Bibliography

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    Correctional Officer Suicide Annotated Bibliography

    Recognizing that corrections can be a tough profession, the National Institute of Corrections is at the forefront of Health and Wellness for Corrections Professionals. The NIC website has a wealth of resources on the topic including webinars, a virtual conference dedicated to the subject, as well as an Internet Broadcast called Corrections Stress: Peaks and Valleys. The literature on the subject reflects what those who work in the field already know anecdotally, that the job of a correctional officer is particularly stressful. Officers must contend with rotating work schedules, mandatory overtime, and possible assaults by and among offenders. The following articles and discussion provide an overview of what information is available on suicide by correctional officers and—to some extent—police officers, and the impact workplace stress can have on officers. In response to the literature search, officer wellness is discussed, along with some of the interventions recommended to prevent suicides and reduce corrections fatigue.

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  • National Institute of Corrections Report to the Nation FY 2017: Partners for Change

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    National Institute of Corrections Report to the Nation FY 2017: Partners for Change

    This report presents the activity of the National Institute of Corrections over Fiscal Year 2017. The National Institute of Corrections is a federal agency, but its work extends far beyond Washington. We go deep into communities, partnering with stakeholders hand in hand. We serve the country through comprehensive corrections-specific training, individualized technical assistance, and access to the largest library for corrections resources in the world. These tools, coupled with our experienced and dedicated staff, can help jurisdictions plan for the building of new correctional facilities, implement systemwide programs, or even foster the development of a new generation of competent leaders in the field.

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  • 2018 Corrections Environmental Scan

    A screenshot of the Corrections Environmental Scan Website
    2018 Corrections Environmental Scan

    Now in its thirteenth edition, an updated online version of the Corrections Environment Scan is presented for the first time. Renamed the Corrections Environmental Scan in 2017, it continues to evolve into a popular tool that corrections practitioners use to inform their work in jails, prisons, and community supervision.

    The report is arranged into five topics: Population Demographics, Economy, Workforce, Technology, and Statistics, with the special highlighted topic: Criminal Justice Reform. The Corrections Environmental Scan is intended to give a broad overview of the latest news and trends in these topics, from the corrections, domestic and global perspective.

    Web Page
  • Model Practices for Parents in Prisons and Jails: Reducing Barriers to Family Connections

    Model Practices for Parents in Prisons and Jails: Reducing Barriers to Family Connections

    The objective of this document is to detail a set of practices that correctional administrators can implement to remove barriers that inhibit children from cultivating or maintaining relationships with their incarcerated parents during and immediately after incarceration. This handbook contains ten chapters: partnership building; training and core competencies; intake and assessment; family notification and information provision; classes and groups; visitor lobbies; visiting; parent-child communication; caregiver support; family-focused reentry.

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  • Paving the Way: Lessons Learned in Sentinel Events Reviews

    Paving the Way: Lessons Learned in Sentinel Events Reviews

    This report reviews the lessons learned by three forward-leaning teams in their review of a negative criminal justice outcome ("sentinel event") in their jurisdictions. The project represents the next step in NIJ's exploration of the feasibility of using sentinel event reviews as a way to learn from errors in the criminal justice system. See also 029617.

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  • Using Front End Interventions To Achieve Public Safety And Healthy Communities

    Using Front End Interventions To Achieve Public Safety And Healthy Communities

    The symposium highlighted promising law enforcement, prosecutorial, and judicial interventions at the pretrial stage and promoted dialogue among justice practitioners on how front-end interventions could fit within an evidence-based, harm reduction-focused criminal justice framework. As illustrated above, participants at the symposium learned about and considered various alternative approaches to increasing public safety and addressing health issues facing their communities. They also shared their experiences with—and perspectives on—implementing front-end interventions in their own jurisdictions.

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  • Best Practices in the Assessment, Treatment, and Risk Management of Persons Who Have Sexually Offended

    Best Practices in the Assessment, Treatment, and Risk Management of Persons Who Have Sexually Offended

    The assessment, treatment, and risk management of persons who have sexually offended is of considerable interest to a wide variety of stakeholder groups, including legislators and policymakers, court and law enforcement personnel, corrections and community supervision staff, mental health clinicians, victim advocates, and the community-at-large, among others. Many of these stakeholders have expressed concerns regarding the potential for sexual recidivism and other harms posed by offenders released to the community. As a consequence, most jurisdictions have enacted legislative frameworks to manage those risks.

    The past 40 years have been witness to significant growth in our understanding of the dynamics of sexual offending, the people who engage in these behaviors and how best to assess their risk for reoffending, and what treatment and supervision interventions are most likely to result in success. In this context, success may be defined as: (1) greater community safety, and (2) safe and humane reintegration opportunities for offenders returning to the community.

    This report is intended to provide a comprehensive review of best practices in the assessment, treatment, and risk management of persons who have sexually offended. 

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  • Prescription Drugs of Abuse and Misuse in Jails and Prisons [Webinar]

    Prescription Drugs of Abuse and Misuse in Jails and Prisons [Webinar]

    Are you and your agency knowledgeable of commonly abused and/or misused prescription medications in correctional settings? Have you considered prescription drugs which can be used as weapons? If you are interested in learning from pharmacists from the largest correctional system in the United States as well as a state department of corrections, come and join NIC for this interactive one (1) hour webinar!Through a series of interactive activities, including polling and chat, we will explore how the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) Health Services Division and the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (DPSCS) is addressing these challenges. Additionally, this webinar is an overview of BOP’s Drugs of Abuse & Misuse Initiative. During the webinar, participants will have the opportunity to hear from pharmacists in BOP facilities and the Maryland DPSCS on how they are addressing this ongoing challenge.

    Webinar
  • Assessment, Your Library, and Your Collections [Webinar]

    Assessment, Your Library, and Your Collections [Webinar]

    Expanding on Ranganathan’s five laws, we know that libraries are for use and that every library has its community (users). In order to ensure that a library is meeting the needs of its users, the library must be able to assess its services, including its collections, and understand how those are meeting the requirements of its community. This webinar will investigate the assessment activities that a library can utilize to determine the needs of its community, as well as those assessments which can help a library assure that a service is meeting its community’s desires. Specific assessments, which can be completed in any type of environment, will be discussed and examples given.

    Webinar
  • Measuring the Effect of Library Usage [Webinar]

    Measuring the Effect of Library Usage [Webinar]

    Learn about how one university library measured the effects of first-time-college students’ library use on their success outcomes. Apply these same approaches to more confidently measure the effects of library programs on offender outcomes in correctional settings. Using Generalized Propensity Scoring (GPS) and/or Precision Matching (PM) you can hone in how your library program affects your participants and rule out other factors that may have affected the result. For example, you want to measure the effectiveness of a literacy program on preventing first-time offender recidivism while controlling for their background educational level and family income.

    Webinar
  • How To Use Research in Practice [Webinar]

    How To Use Research in Practice [Webinar]

    Webinar held May 30, 2018

    Evidenced based library and information practice (EBLIP) evolved from evidence based medicine two decades ago when a group of health sciences librarians thought that the process they saw doctors using had something to offer librarianship. Since then, EBLIP has shifted and evolved. EBLIP can be used in any type of library to assist with decision-making, aid in developing policy, and support decisions, requests, and procedures. EBLIP is a way of working that incorporates various types of information into decision-making. The benefit of practicing in an evidence based way is that not only can decision-making be improved upon, but also it can increase confidence when there is appropriate evidence to support decisions. This webinar will take participants through the steps of EBLIP in such a way that you can begin to incorporate EBLIP into your practice right away. Then, we will look at specific uses of EBLIP and explore how you can incorporate evidence based practice at your own workplace.

    Webinar
  • Law Enforcement Officers Respecting Service, Restoring Honor for Vets in Crisis

    Law Enforcement Officers Respecting Service, Restoring Honor for Vets in Crisis

    This white paper is based on a series of interviews, buttressed by personal observations, of key players in several jurisdictions where law enforcement officers, Veteran Justice Outreach Specialists from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and community-based agency representatives collaborate to implement approaches to de-escalate veterans in crisis in our communities. These programs are improving public safety. They are creating opportunities for veterans struggling to re-acclimate to civilian life. These traumatized men- and increasingly women- receive the help they need to address mental health issues, such as post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury, related to their military service.

    This is the third publication in the National Institute of Corrections justice-involved veterans compendium project. It shares the views of law enforcement programs at several locations across the country, from small towns to large cities, and highlights how each jurisdiction went about creating and implementing teams or programs to improve practices meant to serve veterans who are in crisis.

    Veteran Response Teams are improving outcomes for these veterans and minimizing hostile and sometimes volatile situations for both law enforcement officers and veterans. This paper shares the views of police officers, sheriff’s deputies, corrections professionals, representatives from the VA and other community-based treatment providers, each of whom, in their own words, have stories to tell.

    Document
  • Assessing Learning in Your Library [Webinar]

    Assessing Learning in Your Library [Webinar]

    This Session took place on November 13, 2018, 2 pm EST.

    A 2016 report sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education noted that incarcerated adults with access to library services other than a law library scored higher in literacy and numeracy than incarcerated adults without access on a survey conducted by the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies. While the study does not address why or how library services played a role in the success of incarcerated adults, it does highlight the question. In fact, the effect of library services on learning is an issue that academic libraries have attempted to address for years. In this DDLC webinar series session, representatives from the National Institute for Learning Outcomes and the Association of College Research Libraries share how their organizations have been tackling the issue.

    NILOA begins by providing an introduction on current practices and future trends in assessing and documenting learning. They then uncover efforts that are unfolding to capture and document evidence of student learning outside of traditional curricular experiences. ACRL will then explain how they have been focusing on helping academic libraries and librarians demonstrate alignment with and impact on institutional outcomes.

    By the end of this session, you learn how academic libraries have approached assessment in recent years and examine how some of these efforts may be adapted for use in a correctional setting.

     

    Webinar
  • Offender Use of the Library [Webinar]

    Offender Use of the Library [Webinar]

    Webinar held July 18, 2018.

    Dr. Jane Garner presents the details and findings of a recent doctoral study that focused on the experiences of using libraries in prisons from the prisoner perspective. Her presentation explains the reasons why this study was undertaken, the research methodology and methods, and the major findings. The study found that libraries in prisons can have a positive influence on prisoner education, behavior management, and personal transformations as well as support positive links to communities and families outside prison. The study provides ample evidence of the positive experiences offered by prison libraries. Dr. Garner discusses the importance of data-driven studies, such as her own in examining and understanding the role of libraries in prisons. Her study demonstrates that prison libraries have the potential to contribute positively to offender outcomes, both during their time in prison, and in their lives upon release, and that these benefits can flow on to the families of prisoners and to the broader community.

    Webinar
  • Working Effectively with the Law Library [Webinar]

    Working Effectively with the Law Library [Webinar]

    Webinar held May 2, 2018

    Blythe Balistrieri discusses the ways in which the general correctional library and law libraries can partner, the challenges correctional librarians must negotiate daily, and how to streamline correctional library operations. Her presentation covers some of the history of correctional libraries, challenges that these libraries can face, and how librarians can work to alleviate some of them. Professor Balestrieri listed five actions that correctional library staff can take to combat some of their challenges: Advocacy, Communication, Education, Training and Team Building. Makes reference to court cases Bounds v. Smith, Thornburgh v. Abbot, Lewis v. Casey.

    Webinar
    Streaming Video
  • Preventing and Controlling Hepatitis A in Jails and Prisons [Webinar]

    Preventing and Controlling Hepatitis A in Jails and Prisons [Webinar]

    Join the National Institute of Corrections (NIC), Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBOP) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to learn about how current community hepatitis A outbreaks are affecting correctional jurisdictions, and how you can prevent cases from becoming outbreaks in your own facilities.

    Webinar
  • Training from A (Analysis) to E (Evaluation) ‐ Are You Applying the Science of Learning and Performance? [Webinar]

    Training from A (Analysis) to E (Evaluation) ‐ Are You Applying the Science of Learning and Performance? [Webinar]

    This webinar is an overview of NIC’s white paper Training from A to E: Analysis to Evaluation (032740) on learning and performance, and its application to corrections training. During the webinar, participants had the opportunity to engage in activities to apply learning and performance research to the training they analyze, design, develop, implement and evaluate in their own organization. There is a transcript available for the webinar.

     

     

     

     

     

    Webinar
  • Undue Familiarity: Do You Believe You Can Never Be Comprised? [Webinar]

    Undue Familiarity: Do You Believe You Can Never Be Comprised? [Webinar]

    Webinar held December 19, 2019.

     Relationships between staff and inmates can start to blur, and in doing so it can put correctional staff in harms way.  This webinar is intended to equip correctional staff with the information needed to examine the precursors of staff and inmate interaction that could lead to harmful and inappropriate acts, up to and including sexual misconduct.

    Webinar presenters explore how staff accountability and responsibility are the two most important factors in protection against inappropriate behaviors.  Presenters look at indicators, red flags, and preventative measures that keep the balance of safety and security in a healthy environment for both staff and inmates.

    Webinar
  • Replication Validation of the Employment Retention Inventory: An Assessment Tool of the National Institute of Corrections

    Replication Validation of the Employment Retention Inventory: An Assessment Tool of the National Institute of Corrections

    This report summarizes findings from the Urban Institute’s replication validation of the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Employment Retention Inventory (ERI). This study was conducted under NIC Cooperative Agreement Award 16CS04GKU7 to determine the ERI’s ability to identify workforce detachment risks for employed and unemployed justice-involved populations in Indiana, New York, and Massachusetts. This study also examined practitioners’ use of the ERI in diverse community correctional settings.

    From June 2017 to July 2018, 185 employed and 148 unemployed people participated in the study, completing the ERI during check-in meetings with NIC-trained Employment Retention Specialists. Most study participants were living in the community under probation or parole supervision or with a history of justice involvement; others were incarcerated in state prison. ERI baseline responses were quantitatively compared with employment outcomes approximately 3 to 6 months later for all participants. The relationship between employment and recidivism was also examined. Qualitative interviews with ERI-trained professionals provided insight into the instrument’s use in practice

    Items in the ERI showed strong content and construct validity, meaning the tool conceptually covered the key domains related to employment retention, particularly for community-based participants. Predictive validity analyses demonstrated that the ERI yielded “good” and “excellent” performance ratings in predicting unemployment 3 to 6 months later for those in community settings. Analyses of the ERI’s validity for incarcerated participants were insufficient due to small sample sizes. For all participants, bivariate analyses supported a linkage between employment experiences and recidivism. ERI practitioners expressed that the instrument had strong utility and potential for their work.

    Overall, validation analyses coupled with practitioners’ feedback suggests that the ERI, when implemented with motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral techniques learned through NIC’s Employment Retention Specialist training, could be a useful case management tool for community correctional populations.

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  • Environmental Scan 2017

    Environmental Scan 2017

    Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic, and corrections issues to inform the development of training programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its twelfth edition, and renamed from the Environmental Scan to the Corrections Environmental Scan, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that corrections practitioners use to inform their work in jails, prisons, and community corrections. Because there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that will potentially influence corrections, this report is intended to give a broad overview of selected current and anticipated trends and not to be comprehensive in scope. The methods for selecting articles, reports, and other materials was based on a scan of news sources, websites, and corrections-specific publications. As part of the ongoing work of the NIC Information Center in supporting the work of corrections professionals, staff regularly monitors reports and publications from state, national, global, and independent sources. The report is arranged with the topics: population, demographics, economy, workforce, technology, substance abuse and mental health, healthcare, and crime and recidivism statistics. Each section gives a summary of trends and developments in corrections, and includes national and global perspectives. A new feature debuts the new NIC website and highlights the State Statistics Information page. This web page provides lists of resources related to local, state, and federal statistics displayed to help you see the current state of the corrections industry as of the last set of reported data.

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  • Agenda Jail PIO Network Meeting 2017 [Proceedings]

    Agenda Jail PIO Network Meeting 2017 [Proceedings]

    The Public Information Officer (PIO) plays a vital role in local jails. The public’s perception/misperception of jail operations can influence public safety, funding, elections and numerous other factors. Responding to media inquiries regarding crisis situations is just one of the many roles of the PIO. Building a positive rapport with the media, taking control of your message, and conveying your mission are priority tasks for a PIO. The Jail Public Information Officers Network Meeting provides for the free exchange of ideas and information that allows colleagues to share and learn new strategies. These proceedings highlight the events that happened during this meeting.

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  • Pretrial Release and Probation: What is the Same and What is Different?

    Pretrial Release and Probation: What is the Same and What is Different?

    According to those who study evidence-based teaching methods, comparing and contrasting two different objects, persons, or even fields and disciplines, such as pretrial release and probation, can have one of the greatest effects on learning. Indeed, comparing and contrasting is considered to be one of the earliest ways that we humans begin learning (going back to how we identify things in early childhood) and makes the best use of elements necessary for all effective learning methods, each of which allows us to form relationships between constructs through reasoning. In sum, comparing and contrasting is highly valuable. Nevertheless, there are three prerequisites to any compare and contrast exercise. 

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  • Sustaining Systems Change: Findings from a Transition from Jail to Community Initiative Stakeholder Survey

    Sustaining Systems Change: Findings from a Transition from Jail to Community Initiative Stakeholder Survey

    The TJC Initiative seeks to improve public safety and to enhance the success of individuals returning to the community from local jails through implementation of an innovative, evidence-informed transition models in four key areas: collaborative structures, evidence-based targeted interventions, data and self-evaluation, and sustainability mechanisms and capacity-building. During Phase 1 (2008-2011), the national TJC team tested the TJC model in six learning communities: Davidson County, TN; Denver, CO; Douglas County, KS; Kent County, MI; La Crosse County, WI; and Orange County, CA. During Phase 2 (2012-2015), six additional learning sites joined the TJC Initiative. Respondents of the program credit TJC TA with helping their communities build highly functional collaborations between their jails, other criminal justice agencies and reentry stakeholders; establish or expand evidence-based practices and interventions; enhance foundational capacity to monitor and measure system performance; and reduce recidivism.

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  • A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in State and Local Criminal Justice Systems

    A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in State and Local Criminal Justice Systems cover
    A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in State and Local Criminal Justice Systems

    The Framework describes key criminal justice decisions, evidence-based knowledge about effective justice practices, and practical local and state-level strategies for applying risk and harm reduction principles and techniques.

    Document
  • LGBT: A Personal Story "Becoming Rachel"

    LGBT: A Personal Story "Becoming Rachel"

    NCA video chronicling the transition from male to female of corrections officer Rachel Esters, featuring moderator Bernie Iszler, CPS NIC Academy division. This may be used as a staff training video.

    Mixed Media
  • Adult Pre-Release Handbook: Pre-Release Information for an Informed Re-Entry and a Successful Transition

    Adult Pre-Release Handbook: Pre-Release Information for an Informed Re-Entry and a Successful Transition

    This guide will help offenders in determining where they are at in terms of preparing for release and in creating a plan to succeed once they leave prison. This handbook contains ten chapters: identification; life skills; housing; education; transportation; living under supervision; family; health; money management; and employment.

    Document
  • Barracks Behind Bars In Veteran-Specific Housing Units, Veterans Help Veterans Help Themselves

    Barracks Behind Bars Cover
    Barracks Behind Bars In Veteran-Specific Housing Units, Veterans Help Veterans Help Themselves

    The purpose of Veterans Treatment Courts is to offer vets with a substance use problem and/or diagnosis of a mental health issue an opportunity to avail themselves of treatment-oriented justice. Based on anecdotal evidence and an increasing accretion of data from the field—in many of the projects funded by the National Institute of Corrections and the Bureau of Justice Assistance—these courts appear to be achieving their goal. They are helping worthy individuals find a degree of redemption while paying their debt to society. They are restoring family relationships, strengthening communities, cutting rates of recidivism and, hence, making communities safer.

    But what of those veterans who are incarcerated, serving a sentence, or awaiting trial or other resolution of the charges against them?

    This paper is the second in the National Institute of Corrections justice-involved veteran compendium project. It illuminates programs in jails across the country and how justice involved veterans have been helped by them. It illustrates the design, development, implementation, and sustainment of initiatives taken by enlightened, pragmatic corrections officials who have set up veteran-specific housing—in pods, dorms, units, wings, or floors—and programming for military veterans.

    Barracks Behind Bars introduces several of the facilities and the men and women whose vision is paying off with reportedly fewer behavioral problems and incidents of violence by incarcerated veterans. This may contribute to a less stressful, safer environment for correctional personnel and facilitates opportunities for assistance from the Veterans Justice Outreach specialists of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, personnel from state and county departments, and volunteers from community and veterans organizations. This white paper shares the views of jail administrators, judges, and formerly incarcerated veterans—each of whom have stories to tell—in their own words.

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  • 2018 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide

    National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Poster
    2018 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide

    This annual suite of resources includes a variety of user-friendly sample materials, current statistics, professional artwork, and tutorials—all designed to help you quickly and capably develop and implement public awareness campaigns for NCVRW and throughout the year. This year’s theme—Expand the Circle: Reach All Victims—emphasizes the importance of inclusion in victim services. The theme addresses how the crime victims field can better ensure that every crime victim has access to services and support and how professionals, organizations, and communities can work in tandem to reach all victims.

    Web Page
  • DV/IPV: Domestic Violence/Intimate Partner Violence

    DV/IPV: Domestic Violence/Intimate Partner Violence cover
    DV/IPV: Domestic Violence/Intimate Partner Violence

    “Domestic violence is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior as part of a systematic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate partner against another. It includes physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence, and emotional abuse. The frequency and severity of domestic violence can vary dramatically; however, the one constant component of domestic violence is one partner’s consistent efforts to maintain power and control over the other. In the United States, an average of twenty people are physically abused by intimate partners every minute. This equates to more than ten million abuse victims annually. Domestic violence affects everyone regardless of age, socio-economic status, sexual orientation, gender, race, religion or nationality and has devastating consequences that last a lifetime. " (p. 2).

    If you are looking for an excellent introduction to domestic abuse and issues related to it, then this annotated bibliography is a great place to start. Citations are organized into the following topical areas: Introduction; General; Assessment Instruments; Community Corrections; Courts; State Statutes; Juveniles; Family Programs; Victim Programs; Victim Programs and Services; Treatment (Perpetrators) ; Safety Planning/Plans; Confidentiality; and Resource Centers.

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  • Critical Issues Impacting Women in the Justice System: A Literature Review

    Critical Issues Impacting Women in the Justice System: A Literature Review

    “In the following, we review the literature relevant to the study of violence and safety in women’s prison. We begin with the demographic and background characteristics of female offenders. The pathways model is then described, which emphasizes the life experiences of women that contribute to criminal behavior. This review will then describe the subcultural elements of women’s prisons that influence vulnerabilities, victimization, and violence. The types and prevalence of violence in women’s prisons, particularly sexual assault, are also summarized. A summary of the National Inmate Survey, a PREA-mandated data collection that measures inmate self-reports is provided. This review then provides a summary of recent research by the authors that examines the context of gendered violence and safety in women’s correctional facilities and results from a project that sought to validate an instrument intended to measure women’s perceptions of safety and violence” (p. 1).

    Document
  • Project Guide: Assessment of Project Status & Technical Assistance Needs

    Project Guide: Assessment of Project Status & Technical Assistance Needs

    A checklist for assessing the Tribe's progress through the facility development process is provided. Activities tracked include team development, planning, programming, site selection, environmental review; consultant selection, design, construction, transition planning and facility activation, and project contact persons.

    Document
  • National Institute of Corrections Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006: Participant Demographics, Overall Evaluation of Training, and Applicability Ratings NIC Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006

    National Institute of Corrections Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006: Participant Demographics, Overall Evaluation of Training, and Applicability Ratings NIC Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006

    Initial results from the Training Academy Evaluation Project (TAEP) assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections' Academy are presented. Sections of this bulletin are: highlights; research strategy; findings regarding participant demographic and background profile, participants' overall evaluation of training, participants' evaluations of training applicability, and pre/post comparison of perceived applicability; and future directions. Overall, participants rate the training they receive as being of high quality and relevance.

    Document
  • National Institute of Corrections Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006: Participant Evaluation of Trainers NIC Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006

    National Institute of Corrections Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006: Participant Evaluation of Trainers NIC Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006

    Results from the Training Academy Evaluation Project (TAEP) assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections' Academy are presented. This bulletin discusses how participants felt about individual trainers. Some highlights include: twenty-eight of the 34 trainers received high marks for satisfaction while also receiving an average score of 98% for them to lead classes again. The trainer strength most noted was knowledge of the field (27%), with the trainer weakness most often being insufficient time or hurried pace (10%).

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  • National Institute of Corrections Drug-Free Prison Zone Project: Evaluation Component for Each of Eight State Sites: Final Report

    National Institute of Corrections Drug-Free Prison Zone Project: Evaluation Component for Each of Eight State Sites: Final Report

    Results from projects implementing new strategies for drug interdiction within an institutional setting are presented. This compilation includes findings from final evaluation reports provided by Maryland, California, Kansas, New York, and Florida.

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